Furong Cave

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Coordinates: 29°13′44″N 107°54′12″E / 29.22889°N 107.90333°E / 29.22889; 107.90333

Furong Cave (芙蓉洞)
cave
Furongdongfufashisun.JPG
Stalagtites in the Furong Cave
Country People's Republic of China
Region Chongqing Municipality
Location Wulong County
Length 2.846 km (2 mi)
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Name Part of the South China Karst
Year 2006 (#30)
Number 1248-007

Furong Cave (Chinese: 芙蓉洞) is a karst cave located on the banks of the Furong River, 20 km (12 mi) from Wulong County town, Chongqing, People's Republic of China.[1]

History[edit]

First discovered by local farmers in 1993 the cave was opened to tourists in 1994. It became a national 4A tourist site in 2002 then in June 2006 part of the South China Karst UNESCO World Heritage Site ; the only cave in China on the UNESCO list.[2]

In 1994, 1996 and 2001, cave experts from countries including China, the UK, USA, Ireland and Australia undertook comprehensive explorations of the cave.[3]

Description[edit]

Furong Cave has a total length of 2,846 metres (9,337 ft) and a width varying from 30 m (98 ft)–50 metres (160 ft). Inside, the cave is divided into three sections, with the first featuring colorful subterranean features. The remaining two areas focus on the science of cave formation. There are more than 30 features inside the cave including the 15.76 m (51.7 ft), 21.04 m (69.0 ft) stone waterfall (巨型石) at the foot of which coral-like projections extend to 120 cm (47 in).[4]

In the vicinity of the cave spread over a total area of around 20 km2 (7.7 sq mi), there are more than 50 vertical shafts with a depth of over 100 m (330 ft). including the 920 m (3,020 ft) deep Steam Shaft (汽坑洞), the deepest in Asia.[citation needed]

Formed during the Cambrian/Ordivician Periods some 500 million years ago,[2] the cave features numerous rarely found speleothems including coral and dog-tooth like crystalline calcite flowers as well as a variety of helictites, and crystalline gypsum flowers.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Furong Cave (芙蓉洞)" (in Chinese). Xinhua. October 12, 2005. Retrieved February 16, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Furong Cave". Retrieved February 14, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Mysterious Dreamscape - Furong Cave (神秘梦境 芙蓉洞)" (in Chinese). Xinhua. December 6, 2005. Retrieved February 15, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Furong Cave (芙蓉洞)" (in Chinese). June 4, 2006. Retrieved February 15, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Furong Cave". Karst Dynamics Laboratory, Guangxi Normal University, PRC. Retrieved February 14, 2011. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]