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Fused profession is a term relating to jurisdictions where the legal profession is not divided between barristers and solicitors. Generally, the term is used in the context of Commonwealth countries, where the single profession of "barrister and solicitor" is provided by statute.
In some jurisdictions (e.g., New South Wales, Queensland in Australia), there is little formal distinction between barristers and solicitors but most legal practitioners only practise as either one or the other, and are members either of the local bar or law society. In other jurisdictions (e.g., Malaysia, Singapore, the nine common law provinces of Canada, Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia), there is no relevant formal distinction between these two branches however there is a marked preference on the part of many lawyers to practise as if the distinction served a useful purpose.
The legal profession in the United States is fused; however, an individual licensed to practise law is often formally referred to as an "Attorney and Counselor at Law", a reference back to the days of the split profession, although the terms barrister and solicitor are not typically used. Nonetheless, attorneys within the United States usually must be "admitted to the bar" before being allowed to practise law in a particular jurisdiction.
England and Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Hong Kong have all remained having separate professions.
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