Fusifilum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fusifilum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Scilloideae
Genus: Fusifilum
Raf.[1]

Fusifilum is a genus of bulbous flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae (also treated as the family Hyacinthaceae).[2] It is distributed in southern Africa (South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Namibia).[1] Some sources consider that all the species should be placed in the genus Drimia.[3]

Systematics[edit]

The genus Fusifilum was created by Constantine Samuel Rafinesque-Schmaltz in 1837,[4] the type species being F. physodes.[3] In 2001, some species were moved from other genera (such as Drimia) into Fusifilum. Other species were newly created.[4] A molecular phylogenetic analysis by Manning et al. in 2004 concluded that the genus was not monophyletic and that the species should all be placed in the genus Drimia.[3]

Fusifilum is placed in the tribe Urgineeae (or the subfamily Urgineoideae by those who use the family Hyacinthaceae).[3]

Species[edit]

As of April 2013, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognized the following species:[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Fusifilum", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2013-04-08 
  2. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Scilloideae, retrieved 2013-04-08  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ a b c d Manning, J.C.; Goldblatt, P.; Fay, M.F. (2004). "A revised generic synopsis of Hyacintheaceae in sub-Saharan Africa, based on molecular evidence, including new combinations and the new tribe Pseudoprospereae". Edinburgh Journal of Botany 60 (3): 533–568. doi:10.1017/S0960428603000404. 
  4. ^ a b c Search for "Fusifilum", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2013-04-08