Bayernliga

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Bayernliga
Map of Germany: Bavarian soccer association highlighted
Country  Germany
State  Bavaria
Founded 1945
Number of teams
  • North: 18
  • South: 19
Level on pyramid Level 5
Promotion to Regionalliga Bayern
Relegation to
Domestic cup(s) Bavarian Cup
Current champions North: SpVgg Bayreuth
South: BC Aichach
(2013–14)
For other uses, see Bayernliga (disambiguation).

The Bayernliga is the highest amateur football league and the second highest football league (under the Regionalliga Bayern) in the state of Bavaria (German: Bayern) and the Bavarian Football League System. It is one of fourteen Oberligas in German football, the fifth tier of the German football league system. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the fourth tier of the league system, until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the third tier.

From the 2012-13 season onwards, the league has been divided once more into a northern and a southern division, having previously placed in single division format since 1963. The league sits directly under the Regionalliga Bayern and above the Landesligas, which were expanded in number from three to five at the end of the 2011-12 season.[1]

Overview[edit]

Landesliga Bayern: 1945–1950[edit]

The league was formed in 1945 from nine clubs as the Landesliga Bayern, being then the second tier of the German football league system, right below the Oberliga Süd in the re-formed state of Bavaria, then part of the US occupation zone in Germany. The league run then in parallel with the Landesligas of Hessen, Württemberg and Nordbaden.

The league expanded in its second season to two divisions of eleven teams each, the Staffel Nordbayern and Staffel Südbayern with the league champions playing each other for the Bavarian championship and promotion. The year after, the leagues went to thirteen teams each.

In 1948, the league was reunited in one group of sixteen teams with the top-two clubs gaining promotion. The 1949–50 season was run on fourteen clubs with the top-five clubs gaining promotion to the new 2nd Oberliga Süd.

Amateurliga Bayern: 1950–1953[edit]

The league was renamed Amateurliga Bayern, a name it would carry until 1978, and was now the third tier of the league system, below the 2nd Oberliga. It consisted of sixteen clubs in its first season, then went to eighteen and later nineteen.

Amateurliga Nordbayern and Südbayern: 1953–1963[edit]

In 1953, the league split into a northern and a southern group again, each with fifteen clubs. The main reasons for this was to reduce travel-costs and time, but also to create two regional champions in Bavaria which both could take part in the promotion rounds to the 2nd Oberliga instead of only one. Being the largest of the southern German federations, Bavaria felt disadvantaged by the fact that only its champion was permitted to take part in the promotion rounds.

The number of teams in the two leagues kept fluctuating and sometimes clubs from central Bavaria were moved between divisions to balance out the strength.

In those years up to 1963, the leagues below the Bayernliga were the 2nd Amateurligas, which there was supposed to be seven of, according to the number of Bezirke in Bavaria. However, some, like Oberbayern, split their 2nd Amateurliga in more than one division.

Amateurliga Bayern: 1963–1978[edit]

In 1963, with the introduction of the Bundesliga, the Oberliga Süd and 2nd Oberliga Süd were disbanded. The Amateurliga Bayern was reunited and now came under the Regionalliga Süd, the new second tier of the league system in the south. The Amateurliga retained its status as a tier three league.

Seven clubs from the northern and southern division each plus four from the 2nd Oberliga made up the newly reunited league in 1963. The league champion still had to compete for promotion with the winners of the other southern German amateur leagues while the bottom three teams were relegated. Below the Bayernliga, three Landesligas were established and remain there to this date, with their champions directly promoted:

The league remained unchanged throughout the coming years, until 1974, when the Regionalliga was replaced by the 2nd Bundesliga Süd. For the Bayernliga, this still meant little change, the winner still had to play-off for promotion to the new league.

Amateur-Oberliga Bayern: 1978–1994[edit]

The year 1978 saw a reformation of the highest Amateurligas in Germany, their number was halved from sixteen to eight, making direct promotion for the southern champions possible for the first time. The Amateurligas were also renamed Amateur-Oberligas, which was generally shortened to AOL or, more commonly, just Oberliga. In the south, this meant the Bayernliga now run parallel to the Amateur-Oberligas of Hessen, Baden-Württemberg and Südwest.

Direct promotion for the southern champions only lasted two seasons however, 1978–79 and 1979–80. In 1981, the 2nd Bundesliga was united to one single division, making it necessary for the Oberliga champions to have a promotion round again. In this season, the Bavarian FA (German: Bayrischer Fußball Verband) also introduced a promotion round for the Landesligas, meaning the three second placed teams in those leagues played the fourth-last Bayernliga team for one more spot in the league. In some seasons, additional promotion spots were available, for example when the Bayernliga champion managed to move up to the 2nd Bundesliga.

Oberliga Bayern: 1994–2012[edit]

After having been a tier three league for 44 seasons, the re-introduction of the Regionalligas, now at this level, made the Bayernliga slip to tier four. It also adopted a new, shorter name, being simply called Oberliga Bayern now, because the highest (German: Oberste) amateur league was now the Regionalliga.

The six teams with the best overall record over the last three seasons in the Bayernliga, or above, gained entry to the new Regionalliga Süd, these being:

This fact also allowed a greater number of clubs then usually to move up from the Landesliga.

But above all, for the first time since 1980, the Bavarian champion was directly promoted again, now to the Regionalliga. The one exception for this was the year 2000, when the number of Regionalligas was reduced from four to two.

The year 2008 saw another league system change. The 3rd Liga was introduced to slide between 2nd Bundesliga and Regionalligas. For the Bayernliga this meant a further fall, to tier five now. However, its best four teams of this season gained entry to the Regionalliga, providing their finances complied with the leagues regulations,[2] those clubs being:

The Bayernliga champion, SpVgg Bayreuth, was refused a Regionalliga' licence, Bamberg took its spot instead. Due to the Sportfreunde Siegen also being denied a licence, another Bavarian team was promoted to the Regionalliga, this being the reserve team of Unterhaching.[3][4][5]

Bayernliga Nord and Süd: from 2012[edit]

In October 2010, another reform of the Regionalligas was decided upon. The number of leagues were now to be expanded to five, with the defunct Regionalliga Nordost to be reestablished and a Regionalliga Bayern to be established. Also, the Regionalliga West would lose the clubs from the south west to a new league, formed out of those clubs and the clubs from Regionalliga Süd without the Bavarian teams. The new system is due to come into operation in the 2012–13 season. It was also decided to limit the number of reserve teams per Regionalliga to seven.[6]

The Bavarian football federation was carrying out drastic changes to the league system from 2012 onwards. With the already decided introduction of the Regionalliga Bayern from 2012–13, it paced two Bayernligas below the new league as the new fifth tier of the German league system. Below those, five Landesligas instead of the existing three were set which would be geographically divided to limit travel and increase the number of local derbies. This model was adopted in late April 2011.[7] With the league reform at the end of the 2011–12 season, the Bezirksoberligas were also disbanded. Instead, the Bezirksligas would take the place of the Bezirksoberligas once more below the Landesligas, a system already in place from 1963 to 1988.[8]

While it was originally thought that the Regionalliga Bayern would carry the name Bayernliga, it was later revealed that the current Bayernliga would have that honour, making the Bayernliga a divided league like it had been from 1953 to 1963. The new qualification modus would see all current Bavarian Regionalliga teams qualify for the new league as well as the top nine of the Bayernliga. Additionally, the teams placed 10th to 15th entered a promotion round with, nominally the six Landesliga champions and runners-up for three more spots in the new league, but dependend on licencing for the new league. Fluctuations of this formula were however also possible if a Bavarian club was promoted to or relegated from the 3. Liga.

The losers of the Regionalliga qualification round, nine clubs, and the Landesliga clubs placed third to eighth, 18 clubs, all entered the new Bayernligas, as did the winners of the Bayernliga promotion round between the Landesliga clubs placed eleventh to 15th and the Bezirksoberliga champions. The Landesliga clubs that failed to qualify for the Bayernligas remained in one of the five new Landesligas, there was no relegation to the Bezirksligas.[9][1]

League timeline[edit]

The league went through the following timeline of name changes, format and position in the league system:

Years Name Tier Promotion to
1945–46 Landesliga Bayern II Oberliga Süd
1946–48 Landesliga Südbayern Landesliga Nordbayern II Oberliga Süd
1948–50 Landesliga Bayern II Oberliga Süd
1950–53 Amateurliga Bayern III 2nd Oberliga Süd
1953–63 Amateurliga Südbayern Amateurliga Nordbayern III 2nd Oberliga Süd
1963–74 Amateurliga Bayern III Regionalliga Süd
1974–78 Amateurliga Bayern III 2nd Bundesliga Süd
1978–81 Amateur-Oberliga Bayern III 2nd Bundesliga Süd
1981–94 Amateur-Oberliga Bayern III 2nd Bundesliga
1994–2008 Oberliga Bayern IV Regionalliga Süd
2008–12 Oberliga Bayern V Regionalliga Süd
2012– Bayernliga Süd Bayernliga Nord V Regionalliga Bayern

Champions of the Bayernliga[edit]

1945–1953[edit]

In 1945–46, the Landesliga Bayern was played as a single division, in 1946–47 and 1947–48 it was played in two regional divisions with a home-and-away final to determine the Bavarian champion. From 1948 to 1953, it was played as a single division again:[10]

Season Club
1945–46 1. FC Bamberg
Season North South Final
1946–47 FC Bayern Hof FC Wacker München 3–4 & 0–4
1947–48 1. FC Bamberg BC Augsburg 1–1 & 1–4
  • Bavarian champions in this era in bold.
Season Club
1948–49 Jahn Regensburg
1949–50 1. FC Bamberg
1950–51 VfL Neustadt
1951–52 FC Amberg
1952–53 ATS Kulmbach

1953–1963[edit]

From 1953 to 1963, the Bayernliga was divided into a northern and a southern group again. From 1956 onwards, a Bavarian final was held again:

Season North South Final
1953–54 VfL Neustadt SpVgg Weiden N/A
1954–55 VfB Helmbrechts FC Penzberg N/A
1955–56 VfB Bayreuth ESV Ingolstadt 2–1 & 0–3 & 1–0 aet
1956–57 1. FC Bamberg FC Penzberg 3–0 & 0–2
1957–58 1. FC Bamberg FC Wacker München 4–0 & 2–3
1958–59 SpVgg Bayreuth TSV Schwaben Augsburg 2–0 & 0–0
1959–60 FC Lichtenfels TSV Schwaben Augsburg 3–5
1960–61 1. FC Haßfurt TSV 1860 München II not held
1961–62 SpVgg Büchenbach ESV Ingolstadt 1–1 & 0–1
1962–63 1. FC Bamberg TSV Straubing 4–3 & 3–6 & 1–5
  • Bavarian champions in this era in bold

1963–2012[edit]

From 1963 onwards, the Bayernliga was always held as a single division. From 1963 to 1980 and from 1995 onwards, the league champion had the right to direct promotion. In 1974 and 1981, no promotion was availabale and from 1982 to 1994, the league champion had to participate in the promotion round. When the league champion declined, as has happened twice, the runners-up was promoted/qualified for the promotion round:[11]

2012–present[edit]

Since 2012 the Bayernliga has once more been divided into a northern and a southern group again:

Season North South
2012–13 FC Schweinfurt 05 SV Schalding-Heining
2013–14 SpVgg Bayreuth BC Aichach 5

Source: "Oberliga Bayern". Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv. Retrieved 7 March 2008. 

  • Promoted teams in bold.
  • 1 FC Wacker München declined promotion, Würzburger FV promoted as runners-up.
  • 2 1. FC Haßfurt declined promotion, MTV Ingolstadt promoted as runners-up.
  • 3 SpVgg Bayreuth was refused a Regionalliga licence.
  • 4 FC Ismaning declined promotion, runners-up FC Ingolstadt II promoted instead.
  • 5 BC Aichach declined promotion and withdrew from the Bayernliga, VfR Garching promoted instead.

Recent top scorers[edit]

The top scorers in the league since 2005:

Bayernliga until 2012[edit]

Year Player Club Goals
2005–06 Petr Stoilov 1. FC Bad Kötzting 17
2006–07 Peter Heyer 1. FC Eintracht Bamberg 27
2007–08 Peter Heyer 1 1. FC Eintracht Bamberg 18
Sebastian Knüttel TSV Großbardorf 18
Mijo Stijepic TSG Thannhausen 18
2008–09 Thomas Karg VfL Frohnlach 24
2009–10 Christian Doll TSV Aindling 21
2010–11 Benjamin Neunteufel SV Schalding-Heining 25
2011–12 Cem Ekinci SpVgg Bayern Hof 22

Source: 50 Jahre Bayerischer Fussball-Verband. Vindelica Verlag. 1996. p. 211. 

  • 1 Peter Heyer scored 19 goals in the 2007–08 season but since Bambergs 1–0 win against Memmingen, where he scored, was later changed to a 0-x loss due to Bamberg using two non-eligible players, only 18 of his goals were officially recognised.

League placings since 2012[edit]

The complete list of clubs and placings in the Bayernliga since the league was sub-divided into two divisions:

Key[edit]

Symbol Key
OL
B
Oberliga Süd (1945–63)
Bundesliga (1963–present)
2O
RL
2B
2nd Oberliga Süd (1950–63)
Regionalliga Süd (1963–74)
2. Bundesliga (1974–present)
3L 3. Liga (2008–present)
R Regionalliga Süd (1994–2012)
Regionalliga Bayern (2012–present)
1 League champions
Place League
Place Played in opposite division
Blank Played at a league level below this league

Spectators[edit]

Bayernliga until 2012[edit]

The leagues attendance figures nowadays are a far cry from what they were in the 1980s, when TSV 1860 München played in the league and attracted, for Amateur Oberliga levels, hugh crowds.

Season League average Best supported club Club average
1980–81 758 FC Schweinfurt 05 1,410[12]
1981–82 952 1. FC Bamberg 2,510[13]
1982–83 1,473 TSV 1860 Munich 6,844[14]
1983–84 1,982 TSV 1860 Munich 7,273[15]
1984–85 1,480 TSV 1860 Munich 3,410[16]
1985–86 1,780 TSV 1860 Munich 7,350[17]
1986–87 1,680 TSV 1860 Munich 7,310[18]
1987–88 1,390 TSV 1860 Munich 4,120[19]
1988–89 1,680 TSV 1860 Munich 6,240[20]
1989–90 1,880 TSV 1860 Munich 8,380[21]
1990–91
1991–92 1,038 SpVgg Fürth 2,528[22]
1992–93
1993–94
1994–95
1995–96 593 SC Weismain 1,574[23]
1996–97 539 FC Bayern Hof 1,238[24]
1997–98 540 FC Schweinfurt 05 1,300[25]
1998–99 437 FC Bayern Hof 1,038[26]
1999–2000 589 Jahn Regensburg 1,649[27]
2000–01 519 FC Bayern Hof 1,184[28]
2001–02 498 FC Bayern Hof 995[29]
2002–03 419 FC Bayern Hof 982[30]
2003–04 467 SpVgg Bayreuth 881[31]
2004–05 425 SpVgg Bayreuth 1,033[32]
2005–06 396 FC Ingolstadt 04 815[33]
2006–07 683 1. FC Eintracht Bamberg 2,716[34]
2007–08 704 FC Memmingen 1,631[35]
2008–09 632 FC Schweinfurt 05 1,215[36]
2009–10 471 FC Memmingen 1,365[37]
2010–11 460 FC Schweinfurt 05 913[38]
2011–12 428 SpVgg Bayern Hof 770[39]

Bayernliga North[edit]

Season League average Best supported club Club average
2012–13 385 FC Schweinfurt 05 1,012[40]
2013–14 351 SpVgg Bayreuth 1,000[41]

Bayernliga South[edit]

Season League average Best supported club Club average
2012–13 226 1. FC Sonthofen 387[42]
2013–14 220 SV Raisting 478[43]

League records 1963–2012[edit]

The league records in regards to points, wins, loses and goals for the clubs in the league are:

Record Team Season Number
Most wins SpVgg Unterhaching 1982–83 31
Least wins SpVgg Kaufbeuren 1969–70 2
Kickers Würzburg 1990–91
SpVgg Plattling 1991–92
FC Passau 1999–2000
Most defeats FC Starnberg 2000–01 28
Least defeats TSV 1860 München 1990–91 0
Most goals for SC Feucht 2002–03 107
Least goals for SC Fürstenfeldbruck 1987–88 20
Most goals against SpVgg Plattling 1966–67 123
Least goals against TSV 1860 München 1990–91 21
Highest points (2 for a win) SpVgg Unterhaching 1982–83 65
Lowest points (2 for a win) SC Fürstenfeldbruck 1987–88 8
Highest points (3 for a win) FC Augsburg 2001–02 89
Lowest points (3 for a win) FC Passau 1999–2000 15

Source: "Tables and results of the Bayernliga". Herzing Manfred. Retrieved 28 June 2009. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Auf- und Abstiegsregelung der Bayernliga und der Landesligen für das Qualifikationsspieljahr 2011/2012" [Regulations for promotion and relegation in 2012] (in German). Bavarian FA. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Regulations of the BFV" (in German). BFV. Archived from the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2007. 
  3. ^ "Sportfreunde planen für die 5. Liga" (in German). kicker.de. Retrieved 8 June 2008. 
  4. ^ "Aufstieg Regionalliga Süd" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 13 June 2008. 
  5. ^ "Keine Lizenz für die SpVgg" (in German). SpVgg Bayreuth. Retrieved 13 June 2008. 
  6. ^ "DFB-Bundestag beschließt Reform der Spielklassen" (in German). DFB. 22 October 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010. 
  7. ^ "Attraktive Gegner, regionale Einteilung, weniger Fahrtkosten" (in German). BFV. 12 February 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2011. 
  8. ^ "Untere Ligen erfahren eine Aufwertung" (in German). Augsburger Allgemeine. 11 April 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  9. ^ "Erste Qualifikationsgrenzen bestätigt" (in German). fupa.net. 5 July 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2011. 
  10. ^ Die Bayernliga 1945–1997 (in German). DSFS. 1998. 
  11. ^ Spielordnung: § 16 (2) Allgemeine Vorschriften (German) BFV website – Rules of the game: § 16 (2) Statutes, accessed: 7 February 2011
  12. ^ Amateur-Oberliga 1980–81 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 19, accessed: 28 June 2009
  13. ^ Amateur-Oberliga 1981–82 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 21, accessed: 28 June 2009
  14. ^ Amateur-Oberliga 1982–83 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 21, accessed: 28 June 2009
  15. ^ Amateur-Oberliga 1983–84 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 21, accessed: 28 June 2009
  16. ^ Amateur-Oberliga 1984–85 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 21, accessed: 28 June 2009
  17. ^ Amateur-Oberliga 1985–86 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 19, accessed: 28 June 2009
  18. ^ Amateur-Oberliga 1986–87 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 28, accessed: 28 June 2009
  19. ^ Amateur-Oberliga 1987–88 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 8, accessed: 28 June 2009
  20. ^ Amateur-Oberliga 1988–89 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 8, accessed: 28 June 2009
  21. ^ Amateur-Oberliga 1989–90 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 8, accessed: 28 June 2009
  22. ^ Amateur-Oberliga 1991–92 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 5, accessed: 28 June 2009
  23. ^ Die Regionalligen 1996/97 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 152, accessed: 28 June 2009
  24. ^ Die Regionalligen 1995/96 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 145, accessed: 28 June 2009
  25. ^ Saison-Statistik 1997–98 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 29, accessed: 28 June 2009
  26. ^ Saison-Statistik 1998–99 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 29, accessed: 28 June 2009
  27. ^ Die Regionalligen 1999/2000 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 228, accessed: 28 June 2009
  28. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen – Die Saison 2000/01 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 212, accessed: 28 June 2009
  29. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen – Die Saison 2001/02 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 228, accessed: 28 June 2009
  30. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen – Die Saison 2002/03 (German) : DSFS, page: 228, accessed: 28 June 2009
  31. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen – Die Saison 2003/04 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 226, accessed: 28 June 2009
  32. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen – Die Saison 2004/05 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 224, accessed: 28 June 2009
  33. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen – Die Saison 2005/06 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 225, accessed: 28 June 2009
  34. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen – Die Saison 2006/07 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 225, accessed: 28 June 2009
  35. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen – Die Saison 2007/08 (German) publisher: DSFS, page: 227, accessed: 28 June 2009
  36. ^ Bayernliga spectators 2008–09 (German) www.fupa.net, accessed: 30 January 2010
  37. ^ Bayernliga spectators 2009–10 (German) www.fupa.net, accessed: 30 January 2010
  38. ^ Bayernliga spectators 2010–11 (German) www.fupa.net, accessed: 4 June 2011
  39. ^ Bayernliga spectators 2011–12 (German) www.fupa.net, accessed: 25 May 2012
  40. ^ Bayernliga North spectators 2012–13 (German) www.fupa.net, accessed: 3 June 2013
  41. ^ Bayernliga North spectators 2013–14 fupa.net, accessed: 24 May 2014
  42. ^ Bayernliga South spectators 2012–13 (German) www.fupa.net, accessed: 3 June 2013
  43. ^ Bayernliga South spectators 2013–14 fupa.net, accessed: 24 May 2014

Sources[edit]

  • Die Bayernliga 1945 – 1997, (German) published by the DSFS, 1998
  • Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897–1988 (German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll
  • 50 Jahre Bayrischer Fussball-Verband (German) 50-year-anniversary book of the Bavarian FA, publisher: Vindelica Verlag, published: 1996
  • Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945–2005 (German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables, publisher: DSFS, published: 2006

External links[edit]