Futility, or the Wreck of the Titan
Futility, or the Wreck of the Titan is an 1898 novella written by Morgan Robertson. The story features the ocean liner Titan, which sinks in the North Atlantic after striking an iceberg. The Titan and its sinking have been noted to be very similar to the real-life passenger ship RMS Titanic, which sank fourteen years later. Following the wreck the novel was reissued with some changes, particularly in the ship's gross tonnage.
The first half of Futility introduces the hero, John Rowland. Rowland is a disgraced former US Navy officer, who is now an alcoholic and has fallen to the lowest levels of society. Dismissed from the Navy, he is working as a deckhand on the Titan. On an April night the ship hits the iceberg, capsizing and sinking somewhat before the halfway point of the novel. The second half follows Rowland, as he saves the young daughter of a former lover by jumping onto the iceberg with her. After a number of adventures, in which he fights a polar bear (suffering permanent physical disability due to wounds sustained in the fight) and finds a lifeboat washed up on the iceberg, he is eventually rescued by a passing ship, overcomes his addiction and, over several years, works his way up to a lucrative Government job restoring his former income and position in society. In the closing lines of the story he receives a message from his former lover, pleading for him to visit her and her daughter.
Similarities to the Titanic 
Although the novel was written before the Olympic-class Titanic was even designed, there are some remarkable similarities between both the fictional and real-life versions. Like the Titanic, the fictional ship sank in April in the North Atlantic, and there were not enough lifeboats for the passengers. There are also similarities between the size (800 ft (244 m) long for Titan versus 882 ft 9 in (269 m) long for the Titanic), speed (25 knots for Titan, 22.5 knots for Titanic) and life-saving equipment.
Beyond the name, the similarities between the Titanic and the fictional Titan include:
- Both were triple screw (propeller)
- Described as "unsinkable"
- The Titanic was the world's largest luxury liner (882 feet (269 m), displacing 63,000 long tons), and was once described by newspapers as being "designed to be unsinkable" and "virtually unsinkable".
- The Titan was the largest craft afloat and the greatest of the works of men (800 feet, displacing 75,000 tons, up from 45,000 in the 1898 edition), and was deemed "practically unsinkable" (as quoted in Robertson's book).
- Shortage of lifeboats
- Struck an iceberg
- Moving at 22½ knots, the Titanic struck an iceberg on the starboard side on the night of April 14, 1912, in the North Atlantic, 400 nautical miles (740 km; 460 mi) away from Newfoundland.
- Moving at 25 knots, The Titan also struck an iceberg on the starboard side on an April night in the North Atlantic, 400 nautical miles (740 km; 460 mi) from Newfoundland (Terranova).
- The unsinkable Titanic sank, and more than half of her 2200 passengers and crew died.
- The indestructible Titan also sank, more than half of her 2500 passengers drowning.
- The Titanic went down bow first, the Titan actually capsizing before it sank.
Popular culture 
- Walter Lord's 1955 nonfiction account of the Titanic disaster, A Night to Remember, opens with a brief description of Robertson's novella and the similarities between the actual and fictional ships.
- A copy of Futility can be seen in the apartment at the beginning of the PC game Titanic: Adventure Out of Time. The obituary of a Titanic passenger is used as a bookmark.
- Similarities between the Titan and the Titanic were mentioned at the end of the episode 'Night of April 14' in the TV series One Step Beyond. The narrator, however, makes a number of errors in his comparison. He claims, for example, that the Titan, like the Titanic, sank on her maiden voyage. This is untrue. The hero of Futility was John Rowland. The Host of One Step Beyond was John Newland.
- A dramatisation of what led the author to write it and detailing the similarities between the events in the book and the Titanic disaster were shown in an episode of Beyond Belief: Fact or Fiction.
- Alan Moore's graphic novel The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, set in 1898, makes a passing reference to the Titan Relief Fund.
- The Doctor Who audio play The Wreck of the Titan, released by Big Finish Productions in May 2010, is partly inspired by this novella, and features the characters of John and Myra.
- Akane Kurashiki (a.k.a. June), a character in the Nintendo DS game 999: Nine Hours, Nine Persons, Nine Doors makes reference to the similarities between Titan and Titanic and calls this book out as a potential example of trans-temporal communication in the game world.
- In the author's note of "The Doomsday Box" by Herbie Brennan, the author mentions Futility's "prediction" to give examples of precognitive events.
- In the Astroboy cartoons there is a Space Liner named Titan which crashed on Earth's Moon.
See also 
- The Titanic -Futility
- McCluskie, Tom (1998). Anatomy of the Titanic. PRC. p. 22. ISBN 1-85648-482-3.
- McCluskie, Anatomy of the Titanic, p. 23 Titanics top speed was 21 knots, with a flank speed of 23.5 knots
- Butler, Daniel Allen (1998). Unsinkable: The Full Story of RMS Titanic. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-1814-1.
- McCluskie, Anatomy of the Titanic, p. 120
- Mowbray, Jay Henry (1912). Sinking of the Titanic. Harrisburg, PA: The Minter Company. OCLC 9176732
- http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=9201023846486393680# Discussion of the book begins at 23:52 in the video
- The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen. Volume 1. Titan Books. ISBN 978-1-84023-302-5.
- Cocksey, Brian. "The Titan & the Titanic". Light Eternal Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2005-11-23.
- Rutman, Sharon; Stevenson, Ph.D., Jay (1998). The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Titanic. Alpha Books. ISBN 0-02-862712-1.
- Flavio Cenni. "The Titanic before the Titanic". Retrieved 2009-01-13.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Librivox recording of Futility, Or the Wreck of the Titan from Morgan Robertson.
- On-line version of the text
- On-line version of the text
- The Wreck of the Titan Nook version