Futsal at the 2007 Pan American Games
|Highest governing body||FIFA|
|Team members||Five per side|
|Country or region||Brazil|
Futsal (Portuguese pronunciation: [futˈsaw]) is a variant of association football that is played on a smaller pitch and mainly played indoors. Its name is a portmanteau of the Portuguese futebol de salão, which can be translated as "hall football". During the sport's second world championships held in Madrid in 1985, the Spanish name fútbol sala was used. Since then, all other names have been officially and internationally changed to futsal. It was developed in Brazil and Uruguay in the 1930s and 1940s as a solution to the lack of available football fields. In Brazil futsal is played by more people than soccer but does not attract as many spectators as the outdoor sport. Several futsal players have moved on to careers as successful professional soccer players.
Futsal is played between two teams of five players each, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Unlimited substitutions are permitted. Unlike some other forms of indoor football, the game is played on a hard court surface delimited by lines; walls or boards are not used. Futsal is also played with a smaller ball with less bounce than a regular football. The surface, ball and rules create an emphasis on improvisation, creativity and technique as well as ball control and passing in small spaces.
As international governing bodies of futsal, FIFA and Asociación Mundial de Fútbol de Salón (AMF) are responsible for maintaining and promulgating the official rules of their respective versions of futsal. FIFA publishes its futsal rules as the 'Laws of the Game', in which each of the 17 'laws' is a thematically related collection of individual regulations. The laws define all aspects of the game, including what may be changed to suit local competitions and leagues.
Players, equipment and officials
There are five players on each team, one of whom is the goalkeeper. The maximum number of substitutes allowed is nine (FIFA change 2012), with unlimited substitutions during the match. Substitutes can come on even when the ball is in play. If a team has fewer than three players in the team, the match is abandoned.
The kit is made up of a jersey or shirt with sleeves, shorts, socks, shinguards made out of rubber or plastic, and shoes with rubber soles. The goalkeeper is allowed to wear long trousers and a different coloured kit, to distinguish himself from the other players in the team and the referee. He is also allowed to wear elbow pads because the surface is about as hard as a tennis court or basketball court. Jewellery is not allowed, nor are other items that could be dangerous to the player wearing the item or to other active participants.
The match is controlled by the referee, who enforces the Laws of the Game, and the first referee is the only one who can legally abandon the match because of interference from outside the pitch. This referee is also assisted by a second referee. The decisions made by the referees are final and can only be changed if the referees think it is necessary and play has not restarted. There is also a third referee and a timekeeper, who are provided with equipment to keep a record of fouls in the match. In the event of injury to the referee or second referee, the third referee will replace the second referee.
The pitch is made up of wood or artificial material, or similar surface, although any flat, smooth and non-abrasive material may be used. The length of the pitch is in the range of 38–42 m (42–46 yd), and the width is in the range of 20–25 m (22-27 yd) in international matches. For other matches, it can be 25–42 m (27–46 yd) in length, while the width can be 16–25 m (17-27 yd), as long as the length of the longer boundary lines (touchlines) are greater than the shorter boundaries where the goals are placed (goal lines). The "standard" size court for an international is 40 m × 20 m (44 yd × 22 yd). The ceiling must be at least 4 m (4 yd) high. A rectangular goal is positioned at the middle of each goal line. The inner edges of the vertical goal posts must be 3 m (3 yd) apart, and the lower edge of the horizontal crossbar supported by the goal posts must be 2 m (2.2 yd) above the ground. Nets made of hemp, jute or nylon are attached to the back of the goalposts and crossbar. The lower part of the nets is attached to curved tubing or another suitable means of support. The depth of the goal is 80 cm (31 in) at the top and 1 m (3.3 ft) at the bottom.
In front of each goal is an area known as the penalty area. This area is created by drawing quarter-circles with a 6 m (7 yd) radius from the goal line, centred on the goalposts. The upper part of each quarter-circle is then joined by a 3.16 m (3.46 yd) line running parallel to the goal line between the goalposts. The line marking the edge of the penalty area is known as the penalty area line. The penalty area marks where the goalkeeper is allowed to touch the ball with his hands. The penalty mark is six metres from the goal line when it reaches the middle of the goalposts. The second penalty mark is 10 metres (11 yd) from the goal line when it reaches the middle of the goalposts. A penalty kick from the penalty spot is awarded if a player commits a foul inside the penalty area. The second penalty spot is used if a player commits his team's sixth foul in the opposing team's half or in his own half in the area bordered by the halfway line and an imaginary line parallel to the halfway line passing through the second penalty mark; the free kick is taken from the second penalty mark.
Any standard team handball pitch can be used for futsal, including goals and floor markings.
Duration and tie-breaking methods
A standard match consists of two equal periods of 20 minutes. The length of either half is extended to allow penalty kicks to be taken or a direct free kick to be taken against a team that has committed more than five fouls. The interval between the two halves cannot exceed 15 minutes.
In some competitions, the game cannot end in a draw, so away goals, extra time and penalties are the three methods for determining the winner after a match has been drawn. Away goals mean that if the team's score is level after playing one home and one away game, the goals scored in the away match count as double. Extra time consists of two periods of five minutes. If no winner is produced after these methods, five penalties are taken, and the team that has scored the most wins. If it is not decided after five penalties, it continues to go on with one extra penalty to each team at a time until one of them has scored more goals than the other. Unlike extra time, the goals scored in a penalty shoot-out do not count towards the goals scored throughout the match.
The start and restart of play
At the beginning of the match, a coin toss is used to decide who will start the match. A kick-off is used to signal the start of play and is also used at the start of the second half and any periods of extra time. It is also used after a goal has been scored, with the other team starting the play. After a temporary stoppage for any reason not mentioned in the Laws of the Game, the referee will drop the ball where the play was stopped, provided that, prior to the stoppage, the ball was in play and had not crossed either the touch lines or goal lines.
If the ball goes over the goal line or touchline, hits the ceiling, or the play is stopped by the referee, the ball is out of play. If it hits the ceiling of an indoor arena, play is restarted with a kick-in to the opponents of the team that last touched the ball, under the place where it hit the ceiling.
Lack of offside rule
Unlike football (soccer), there is no offside rule in futsal. Attackers can get much closer to the goal than they can in the traditional outdoor version of football.
A direct free kick can be awarded to the opposing team if a player succeeds or attempts to kick or trip an opponent, jumps, charges or pushes an opponent, or strikes or attempts to strike an opponent. Holding, touching or spitting at an opponent are offenses that are worthy of a direct free kick, as are sliding in to play the ball while an opponent is playing it or carrying, striking or throwing the ball (except the goalkeeper). These are all accumulated fouls. The direct free kick is taken where the infringement occurred, unless it is awarded to the defending team in their penalty area, in which case the free kick may be taken from anywhere inside the penalty area. A penalty kick is awarded if a player commits one of the fouls that are worthy of a direct free kick inside his own penalty area. The position of the ball does not matter as long as it is in play.
An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a goalkeeper clears the ball but then touches it with his hands before anyone else, if he controls the ball with his hands when it has been kicked to him by a teammate, or if he touches or controls the ball with his hands or feet in his own half for more than four seconds. An indirect free kick is also awarded to the opposing team if a player plays in a dangerous manner, deliberately obstructs an opponent, prevents the goalkeeper from throwing the ball with his hands or anything else for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player. The indirect free kick is taken from the place where the infringement occurred.
Yellow and red cards are both used in futsal. The yellow card is to caution players over their actions, and, if they get two, they are given a red card, which means they are sent off the field. A yellow card is shown if a player shows unsporting behaviour, dissent, persistent infringement of the Laws of the Game, delaying the restart of play, failing to respect the distance of the player from the ball when play is being restarted, infringement of substitution procedure or entering, re-entering and leaving the pitch without the referee's permission. A player is shown the red card and sent off if they engage in serious foul play, violent conduct, spitting at another person, or denying the opposing team a goal by handling the ball (except the goalkeeper inside his penalty area). Also punishable with a red card is denying an opponent moving towards the player's goal a goalscoring opportunity by committing an offence punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick and using offensive, insulting or abusive language or gestures. A player who has been sent off must leave the vicinity of the pitch. A substitute player is permitted to come on two minutes after a teammate has been sent off, unless a goal is scored before the end of the two minutes. If a team with more players scores against a team with fewer players, another player can be added to the team with an inferior number of players. If the teams are equal when the goal is scored or if the team with fewer players scores, both teams remain with the same number of players.
As of June 17, 2013, the top 25 teams according to the ELO-based rankings are:
As of May 7, 2012, the top 25 teams according to a ranking based partly on the ELO system and partly on a form-based system are:
As of May 7, 2012, according to a ranking based partly on the ELO system and partly on a form-based system, the top 10 teams are:
Men's national teams
- Futsal Intercontinental Clubs Cup
- UEFA Futsal Cup
- South American Club Futsal Championship
- AFC Futsal Club Championship
Women's national teams
|Women's Futsal World Tournament||2010||Spain||Brazil||Portugal||Russia & Spain|
Men's national teams
|FIFUSA World Futsal Championships||1982||São Paulo||Brazil||Brazil||Paraguay||Uruguay||Colombia|
|AMF World Futsal Championships||2003||Asunción||Paraguay||Paraguay||Colombia||Bolivia||Peru|
Women's national teams
|AMF World Futsal Championships||2008||Catalonia||Catalonia||Galicia||Colombia||Russia|
|2007||Czech Republic||Czech Republic||Russia||Slovakia||Ukraine|
|2009||Poland||Russia||-||Czech Republic Catalonia|
|2011||Czech Republic||Czech Republic||Russia||Catalonia||France|
- Futsal 5 A-Side Australia (FFAA) Interstate Club Championship
- AMF Club World Cup
- UEFS European Champions Cup
- UEFS Cup
- UEFS Veteran European Champions Cup
- UEFS Women's European Champions Cup
- UEFS Women's Cup
Futsal in Italy
The A.I.F.S. (Italian Association of Football Sala) was founded in 1987 and renamed the Federazione Italiana Football Sala (FIFS) in 1988. It was immediately recognized by FIFUSA (the international organization of futsal, known by the Portuguese acronym Federação Internacional de Futebol de Salão). In 1988 it was among the founders of UEFS federation (European Union of Futsal). In 1991 it organized the World Championships in Milan. In the five years From 1992 to 1996, it organized the Mickey Mouse Trophy, sponsored by the Walt Disney. In 1992 it took part in the European Championship held in Porto (Portugal) by the Spanish UEFS. In 1994 he took part for the last time in World Cup organized by the FIFUSA. The Italian national team finished in last place. FIFS sent the teams who won national championships to participate in the Champions League Cup. In 1991 AS Milan finished seventh, as did GS Danypel Milan in 1992 and 1993. In 1995 the Sporting Turro was placed eight. Giovanni Caminiti, the President of the FIFS ceased its work at the end of the 1990s due to ill health, and the organisation was dormant until the summer of 2009 when Axel Paderni revived its activities. In 2009 it joined the International Futsal World League Association, founded in Switzerland to preserve and promote Futsal globally. Now 15 national futsal organisations are member of the association: Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, France, Germany, Italy, Morocco, Nigeria, Peru, Monaco, Seborga, Switzerland, Tunisia. The association organizes international friendly matches for national teams and clubs, the Mediterranean Cup (for men and for disabled athletes) and Mundialito Cup.
- Futsal in Australia
- Futsal in Brazil
- Futsal in Iran
- Futsal in Libya
- Futsal in Norway
- Futsal in Portugal
- Futsal in Spain
- Futsal in Sweden
- Futsal in the United Kingdom (England • Northern Ireland • Scotland • Wales)
- Indoor soccer
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- Futsal Tactics
- CATSALA: Tot el Futbol Sala Català
- FA Sponsored Indoor Futsal Arenas
- Futsal World Ranking
- The Roon Ba Futsal World Rankings (Men)[dead link]
- The Roon Ba Futsal World Rankings (Women)[dead link]
- Futsal in Australia and New Zealand
- Futsal in Sydney, Australia
- Futsal in Canada
- Futsal in Northern Ireland
- US Youth and Adult Futsal
- Futsal League in Florida, USA FIFA Rules.
- How Futsal differs from UK-style five-a-sides
- Futsal Leagues in Essex
- Futsal in Sweden
- Futsal in Poland
- Futsal in Bristol,UK
- Futsal in Ukraine
- Mersey Futsal
- Futsal Video Page
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