Future of robotics
This article is about the future of robotics for civil use.
Types of robots 
- Lara is the first female human robot.
A robot with artificial muscles (metal alloy strands that instantly contract when heated by an electric current)  instead of electric motors (2006).
Modular robots: can be built from standard building blocks that can be combined in different ways.
- Utility fog
- M-Tran - a snake-like modular robot that uses genetic algorithms to evolve walking programs
- Self replicating robots   - modular robots that can produce copies of themselves using existing blocks.
- Swarmanoid   is a project that uses 3 specialized classes of robots (footbots, handbots and eyebots) to create an effective swarm. Such a swarm should be able to, for example, clean a bedroom with each robot doing a specialized task.
- Self-Reconfiguring Modular Robotics
Educational toy robots:
- Caterpillar plans to develop remote controlled machines and expects to develop fully autonomous heavy robots by 2021. Some cranes already are remote controlled.
- It was demonstrated that a robot can perform a herding  task.
- Robots are increasingly used in manufacturing (since 1960s). In the auto industry they can amount for more than half of the "labor". There are even "lights off" factories such as an IBM keyboard manufacturing factory in Texas that is 100% automated.
- Robots such as HOSPI  are used as couriers in hospitals, etc. Other hospital tasks performed by robots are receptionists, guides and porters helpers,  (not to mention surgical robot helpers such as Da Vinci)
- Robots can serve as waiters   and cooks.
Market evolution 
Today's market is not fully mature. One or more software compatibility layers have yet to emerge to allow the development of a rich robotics ecosystem (similar to today's personal computers one). The most commonly used software in the robotics research are Free Software solutions such as Player/Stage or cross-platform technologies such as URBI. Microsoft is currently working in this direction with its new proprietary software Microsoft Robotics Studio. The use of open source tools helps in continued improvement of the tools and algorithms for robotic research from the point one team leaves it.
Projected robotics timeline 
- 2015-2020 - every South Korean and many European households will have a robot, The Ministry of Information and Communication (South Korea), 2007
- 2018 - robots will routinely carry out surgery, South Korea government 2007
- 2022 - intelligent robots that sense their environment, make decisions, and learn are used in 30% of households and organizations - TechCast
- 2030 - robots capable of performing at human level at most manual jobs Marshall Brain
- 2034 - robots (home automation systems) performing most household tasks, Helen Greiner, Chairman of iRobot
- 2050 - robot "brains" based on computers that execute 100 trillion instructions per second will start rivaling human intelligence
- 2015 - one third of US fighting strength will be composed of robots - US Department of Defense, 2006
- 2035 - first completely autonomous robot soldiers in operation - US Department of Defense, 2006
- 2013-2014 — agricultural robots (AgRobots,).
- 2013-2017 — robots that care for the elderly
- 2017 — medical robots performing low-invasive surgery
- 2017-2019 — household robots with full use.
- 2019-2021 — Nanorobots
Robot rights 
According to research commissioned by the UK Office of Science and Innovation's Horizon Scanning Centre, robots could one day demand the same citizen's rights as humans. The study also warns that the rise of robots could put a strain on resources and the environment.
See also 
- "A Ping-Pong-Playing Terminator". Popular Science.
- "Best robot 2009". www.gadgetrivia.com.
- Jim Pinto (October 1, 2003). "Fully automated factories approach reality". AutomationWorld.
- Robotic age poses ethical dilemma, BBC News
- Latest Forecast Results, TechCast
- 2003 Robotic Nation, Marshall Brain
- Interview: Helen Greiner, Chairman and Cofounder of iRobot, Corp
- Rise of the Robots--The Future of Artificial Intelligence
- Launching a new kind of warfare, Guardian Online
- Nistep Homepage
- UIUC Agricultural Engineering | Faculty and Staff
- service-robots.org - agriculture & harvesting
- "Robots could demand legal rights". BBC News. 21 December 2006.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Robotics|
- Future Robotics - The Human Algorithm
- Investigation of social robots - Robots that mimic human behaviors and gestures.
- Wired's guide to the '50 best robots ever', a mix of robots in fiction (Hal, R2D2, K9) to real robots (Roomba, Mobot, Aibo).