Fuxin

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For other uses, see Fuxin Mongol Autonomous County.
Fuxin
阜新市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Fuxin City jurisdiction in Liaoning
Location of Fuxin City jurisdiction in Liaoning
Fuxin is located in Liaoning
Fuxin
Fuxin
Location of the city centre in Liaoning
Coordinates (city): 42°01′N 121°39′E / 42.017°N 121.650°E / 42.017; 121.650
Country People's Republic of China
Province Liaoning
Districts and Counties
Government
 • CPC Fuxin Committee Secretary
 • Mayor Qi Jihui (齐继慧)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 10,445 km2 (4,033 sq mi)
 • Urban 459 km2 (177 sq mi)
 • Metro 459 km2 (177 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city 1,819,339
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
 • Urban 669,317
 • Urban density 1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
 • Metro 669,317
 • Metro density 1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 123000
Area code(s) 0418
Licence plates J
Administrative division code 210900
ISO 3166-2 cn-21-09
Website www.fuxin.gov.cn

Fuxin (Chinese: ; pinyin: Fùxīn) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Liaoning province, People's Republic of China. The total population of the prefecture at the 2010 census is 1,819,339, of whom 669,317 are resident in the built up area, which comprises four urban districts, collectively known as 'Fuxin City'.

Administration[edit]

Fuxin has direct administration over 7 county-level divisions: 5 districts, 1 county and 1 autonomous county:

Map
Fuxin mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2003 est.)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
1 Haizhou District 海州区 Hǎizhōu Qū 280,000 97 2,887
2 Xinqiu District 新邱区 Xīnqiū Qū 90,000 128 703
3 Taiping District 太平区 Tàipíng Qū 180,000 108 1,667
4 Qinghemen District 清河门区 Qīnghémén Qū 70,000 105 667
5 Xihe District 细河区 Xìhé Qū 160,000 126 1,270
6 Zhangwu County 彰武县 Zhāngwǔ Xiàn 420,000 3,635 116
7 Fuxin Mongol Autonomous County 阜新蒙古族自治县 Fùxīn Měnggǔzú Zìzhìxiàn 730,000 6,246 117

Geography and climate[edit]

Fuxin has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with long, cold but dry winters and hot, humid summers. A majority of the annual precipitation falls in July and August alone.


Climate data for Fuxin (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −4
(25)
−0.1
(31.8)
7.2
(45)
16.9
(62.4)
23.7
(74.7)
27.9
(82.2)
29.5
(85.1)
28.6
(83.5)
24.1
(75.4)
16.2
(61.2)
5.9
(42.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
14.5
(58.2)
Average low °C (°F) −15.9
(3.4)
−12.4
(9.7)
−5.4
(22.3)
3.3
(37.9)
10.5
(50.9)
16.2
(61.2)
19.9
(67.8)
18.2
(64.8)
11.0
(51.8)
3.1
(37.6)
−5.6
(21.9)
−12.8
(9)
2.5
(36.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 2.5
(0.098)
2.6
(0.102)
10.0
(0.394)
23.8
(0.937)
38.9
(1.531)
77.4
(3.047)
142.9
(5.626)
110.4
(4.346)
55.3
(2.177)
27.1
(1.067)
8.5
(0.335)
3.3
(0.13)
502.7
(19.79)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.1 2.4 3.6 5.7 7.3 11.8 12.5 11.0 6.9 4.7 3.1 1.9 73.0
Source: Weather China

Economy[edit]

Fuxin is a mining center in an agricultural region, producing mostly coal and agate. Fuxin is known as China's 'Agate City', with 50% of the nation's known deposits of the mineral being located there. The city also accounts for more than 90% of the country's agate products.

The city suffers from the over-mining of coal, which is low in supply while fundamental to Fuxin's economy. As the coal mines run dry, Fuxin is trying to find other industries to keep its economy going. Measures taken have included the development of a part of the city as a 'Special Economic Zone', by which the city hopes to attract international investment.

Problems due to the widespread shutdown of Fuxin coalmines include an increase in membership of the Fuxin Rebels, a group known for petty crimes

Foreign Investment in 2009[edit]

In 2009, Fuxin approved 25 foreign funded enterprises and 2 joint-venture projects. The total value of the contracted funds in these investments exceeded US$143 million. and the foreign direct investment for that year reached US$64.12 million, up 24% over the previous year. This sum exceeded the Liaoning provincial target for foreign investment by 17%. In addition, in 7 of the projects, contracted funds were in excess of ten million dollars.

Foreign Direct Investment has enabled the development of new key industries to replace mining. The key industries have made new breakthroughs in foreign direct investment. The Wind Power Industry, which accounted for more than 70% of the total amount of FDI in 2009, has become the main focus of the whole city’s FDI.[2]

Education[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Fuxin is served by the China National Highway 101, which connects Beijing to Shenyang. The only highway connects Jinzhou and Fuxin. Another highway to Shenyang is under construction.

As regards rail transport, Fuxin is well-connected to the major cities in North and Northeastern China, such as Beijing, Tianjin and Shenyang by a number of trains.

The city is also now connected to Shanghai and the booming Chinese East coast region by a train that runs directly between Shanghai and Fuxin.

Sister city[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°01′N 121°39′E / 42.017°N 121.650°E / 42.017; 121.650