Fylde (UK Parliament constituency)

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Fylde
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Fylde in Lancashire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Lancashire within England.
County Lancashire
Electorate 66,504 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Kirkham, Wesham, Lytham St Annes, Freckleton
Current constituency
Created 1983 (1983)
Member of Parliament Mark Menzies (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Fylde North and Fylde South
1918 (1918)1950 (1950)
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Fylde North and Fylde South
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Fylde is a Lancashire constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Mark Menzies, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The Fylde constituency was originally formed for the 1918 general election, but was abolished for the 1950 general election, when it was split into Fylde North and Fylde South. For the 1983 General Election those two constituencies were merged to form a new Fylde constituency.

The seat was reduced in the boundary review leading to the United Kingdom general election, 2010, losing most of its elements from the Borough of Wyre and the City of Preston to the new seat of Wyre and Preston North.

Boundaries[edit]

The current constituency is based on that drawn up for the 1983 general election, largely based on the entire. Borough of Fylde. That 1983 seat was the successor to Fylde South and comprised the entire borough plus the Preston Rural West electoral ward centred on the civil parish of Lea.[2]

From the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which reported in time for the 2010 election, the electoral ward of Lea from the City of Preston was added to the borough of Fylde.

The constituency has three main population centres, namely Kirkham/Wesham, Lytham St Annes and Freckleton. Kirkham and Wesham are adjacent small towns with some light industrial development. Lytham and St Annes are comfortable seaside resorts, favoured by families and retired couples.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1918–1950[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1918 Wilfrid William Ashley Conservative
1922 Lord Stanley Conservative
1938 Claude Lancaster Conservative
1950 constituency split into Fylde North and Fylde South

MPs since 1983[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1983 Sir Edward Gardner Conservative
1987 Michael Jack Conservative
2010 Mark Menzies Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Mark Menzies 22,826 52.2 −1.2
Liberal Democrat Bill Winlow 9,641 22.1 +6.2
Labour Liam Robinson 8,624 19.7 −5.9
UKIP Martin Bleeker 1,945 4.5 +4.5
Green Phillip Mitchell 654 1.5 +1.5
Majority 13,185 30.2
Turnout 43,690 66.3 +7.0
Conservative hold Swing +4.5

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Jack 24,287 53.4 +1.1
Labour William Parbury 11,828 26.0 −4.8
Liberal Democrat Bill Winlow 7,748 17.0 +2.2
Liberal Tim Akeroyd 1,647 3.6 N/A
Majority 12,459 27.4
Turnout 45,510 60.1 −0.8
Conservative hold Swing +2.9
General Election 2001: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Jack 23,383 52.3 +3.4
Labour John Stockton 13,773 30.8 −0.9
Liberal Democrat John Begg 6,599 14.8 +0.1
UKIP Lesley Brown 982 2.2 N/A
Majority 9,610 21.5
Turnout 44,737 60.9 −12.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Jack 25,443 48.87 −11.3
Labour John Garrett 16,480 31.65 +13.1
Liberal Democrat Bill Greene 7,609 14.61 −6.1
Referendum Party David Britton 2,372 4.56 N/A
Natural Law Terry Kerwin 163 0.31 N/A
Majority 8,963 17.2
Turnout 52,069 72.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992: Fylde[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Jack 30,639 61.4 +0.7
Liberal Democrat Nigel Cryer 9,648 19.3 −4.9
Labour Ms. Carol Hughes 9,382 18.8 +4.5
Natural Law Peter Douglas Napier Leadbetter 239 0.5 N/A
Majority 20,991 42.1 +5.6
Turnout 49,908 78.5 +1.5
Conservative hold Swing +2.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Jack 29,559 60.7 −2.2
Liberal Mrs. Anne Smith 11,787 24.2 −0.1
Labour Dr. Geoffrey Smith 6,955 14.3 +3.4
Restore Capital Punishment Harold Fowler 405 0.8 −1.2
Majority 17,772 36.5
Turnout 48,706 77.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Edward Gardner 27,879 62.9 N/A
Liberal Mrs. Anne Smith 10,777 24.3 N/A
Labour David J. King 4,821 10.9 N/A
Independent Harold Fowler 863 2.0 N/A
Majority 17,102 38.6 N/A
Turnout 44,340 71.2 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Claude Lancaster 37,930 61.36
Labour E Hewitt 22,102 35.75
Common Wealth K Heath 1,784 2.89
Majority 15,828 25.61
Turnout 70.60
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Fylde by-election, 30 November 1938
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Claude Lancaster 38,263
Labour Dr. Mabel Tylecote 17,648
Majority 20,615
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord Stanley 39,731 70.81
Labour T. McNamee 16,379 29.19
Majority 23,352 41.62
Turnout 71.99
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Fylde
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord Stanley Unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Crewe, Ivor (1983). British Parliamentary Constituencies - a Statistical Compendium. faber and faber. 
  3. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "F" [self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.