Fyodor Gornostayev

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Fyodor Fyodorovich Gornostaev
Born 1867
Moscow
Died 1915
Moscow
Nationality Russian
Practice own practice
Buildings Rogozhskoye Cemetery Belltower
Projects Restauration and preservation of historical buildings in Suzdal, Kursk and Moscow

Fyodor Fyodorovich Gornostaev (1867 – 1915) was a Russian architect and preservationist, notable for his folk interpretation of Russian Revival and restoration of landmark buildings in Suzdal, Kursk and Moscow Kremlin.

He should not be confused with two other architects by the name of Gornostaev, also engaged in Russian Revival art and preservation:

Biography[edit]

This section is based on Gornostaev's biography in "Builders of Moscow"[1]

Gornostaev, born in Moscow, completed Saint Petersburg Imperial Academy of Arts in 1895 cum laude, earning a state-paid overseas study tour. Gornostaev, like some of his contemporaries, preferred to spend most of his tour in Russia, studying old national architecture. In 1899, he returned to Moscow, teaching art in Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

Gornostaev, keen on preserving historical buildings, performed surveys of Monastery of Saint Euthymius in Suzdal, Kursk Cathedral, Baturin and various Moscow landmarks and collaborated with Igor Grabar on "History of Russian arts" (История русского искусства). In 1913, he compiled his studies of two decades into "Essays of ancient Moscow architecture" (Очерки древнего зодчества Москвы). His practical work included restoration of Kremlin Wall, Sukharev Tower, Krutitsy Terem and Church of Ascension in Kolomenskoye.

His only extant own building is the Rogozhskoye Cemetery Belltower (1908–1913, structurally complete in 1909). An Old Believers legend says that it's only two bricks lower than Ivan the Great Bell Tower; actually, it is one meter lower than Ivan, i.e. 80 meters tall.[2] The belltower commemorates unlocking the altars of Old Believers after the 1905 Manifesto on religious tolerance.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Russian: "Москва начала века. Строители Москвы", М, О-Мастер, 2001 ISBN 5-9207-0001-7 (Builders of Moscow), p.552-553
  2. ^ Russian: "Московская церковь во имя св. Иоанна Лествичника в Кремле", www.pravoslavie.ru