Fyodor Yurchikhin

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Fyodor Nikolayevich Yurchikhin
Yurchikhin.jpg
RKA Cosmonaut
Nationality Russian
Status Active
Born (1959-01-03) 3 January 1959 (age 55)
Batumi, Adjar ASSR, Georgian SSR, Soviet Union
Other occupation Cosmonaut
Current occupation Mechanical Engineer
Time in space 537 days
Selection 1997 RKKE Cosmonaut Group
Total EVAs 8
Total EVA time 51 hours and 53 minutes
Missions STS-112, Expedition 15 (Soyuz TMA-10), Expedition 24/25 (Soyuz TMA-19), Expedition 36/37 (Soyuz TMA-09M)
Mission insignia Sts-112-patch.png Soyuz TMA-10 Patch.gif ISS Expedition 15 patch.png Soyuz-TMA-19-Mission-Patch.png ISS Expedition 24 Patch.png ISS Expedition 25 Patch.png Soyuz-TMA-09M-Mission-Patch.png ISS Expedition 36 Patch.png
Awards Hero of the Russian Federation

Fyodor Nikolayevich Yurchikhin (Russian: Фёдор Николаевич Юрчихин, Greek: Θεόδωρος Γιουρτσίχιν του Νικόλαου; born 3 January 1959), is a Russian cosmonaut of Greek descent and RSC Energia test-pilot who has flown on three spaceflights. His first spaceflight was a 10-day Space Shuttle mission STS-112. His second was a long-duration stay aboard the International Space Station (ISS) as a Flight Engineer for Expedition 15; for this mission he was launched in the Soyuz TMA-10 spacecraft. He has undertaken two further long-duration stays aboard the ISS, as a crew member of Expedition 24 / 25. For this mission he was launched with the spacecraft Soyuz TMA-19, and he landed in November 2010, also with the TMA-19 spacecraft. He served as Soyuz Commander for his fourth mission aboard Soyuz TMA-09M, as Flight Engineer for Expedition 36 and ISS Commander for Expedition 37.

Early life and family[edit]

Yurchikhin was born in Batumi, Adjar ASSR, Georgian SSR (now Adjara the autonomous republic of Georgia) on 3 January 1959 to Pontic Greek parents Nikolai Fyodorovich Yurchikhin and Mikrula Sofoklevna Yurchikhina (born Ελένη Γραμματικοπούλου του Σοφοκλή) (both now reside in Sindos, Greece).[1] Yurchikhin is married to Larisa Anatolievna Yurchikhina (born in Shchyolkovo) and has two daughters. His hobbies include collecting stamps and space logos, sports, history of cosmonautics, and promotion of space. He also enjoys reading history, science fiction and the classics.

Education[edit]

After graduation from high school in Batumi in 1976, he entered the Moscow Aviation Institute named after Sergey Ordzhonikidze. He finished studying in 1983, and is qualified as a mechanical engineer, specializing in airspace vehicles. In 2001, he graduated from the Moscow Service State University with a Ph.D. in economics.

Awards[edit]

Yurchikhin was awarded the Hero of the Russian Federation medal, the Order of Friendship medal (2003), NASA Space Flight Medal medal (2003), medals of the Federation of Cosmonautics and the title of Russian Federation Test-Cosmonaut (2003).

Yurchikhin was one of five cosmonauts selected to raise the Russian flag at the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics opening ceremony.[2]

Experience[edit]

After graduating from the S. Ordzhonikidze Moscow Aviation Institute, Yurchikhin worked at the Russian Space Corporation Energia from September 1983 until August 1997. He began working as a controller in the Russian Mission Control Center, and held the positions of engineer, senior engineer, and lead engineer, eventually becoming a lead engineer for Shuttle-Mir and NASA-Mir Programs.[3]

Roscosmos career[edit]

Fyodor Yurchikhin inside the Quest airlock during the STS-112 mission to the ISS.

In August 1997, he was enrolled in the RSC Energia cosmonaut detachment as a cosmonaut-candidate. From January 1998 to November 1999, he completed his basic training course. In November 1999, he was qualified as a test cosmonaut. In January 2000, he started training in the test-cosmonaut group for the International Space Station (ISS) program.

STS-112[edit]

Yurchikhin was a crewmember of the International Space Station assembly mission STS-112 conducted using Space Shuttle Atlantis.[4] During the mission the shuttle crew conducted joint operations with the Expedition 5 by delivering and installing the S1 Truss (the third piece of the station's 11-piece Integrated Truss Structure). Three spacewalks were required to outfit and activate the new component. The crew also transferred cargo between the two vehicles and used the shuttle's thruster jets during two maneuvers to raise the station's orbit. STS-112 was the first shuttle mission to use a camera on the External Tank, providing a live view of the launch to flight controllers and NASA TV viewers. The STS-112 mission was accomplished in 170 orbits, traveling 4.5 million miles in 10 days, 19 hours, and 58 minutes.[5]

Expedition 15[edit]

Fyodor Yurchikhin holds a garlic planter in the Zvezda module of the ISS.

In 2007, he became a member of the Expedition 15 on the ISS. His flight began on April 7, when he launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, aboard Soyuz TMA-10 spacecraft, together with Oleg Kotov and space tourist Charles Simonyi. Yurchikhin was aboard when Simonyi gave a live telebridge conversation on Tuesday, April 17, 2007. He served as the commander of the Expedition 15 mission.

On October 21, he returned to Earth inside the Soyuz TMA-10 capsule after spending 196 days and 17 hours in space. The TMA-10 spacecraft undocked from the ISS at 07:14 UTC on October 21, and deorbit occurred at 09:47. During atmospheric re-entry, the spacecraft transitioned to a ballistic reentry, resulting in it landing west of Arkalyk, approximately 340 km (210 mi) northwest of the intended Kazakhstan landing site.[6]

Expedition 24/25[edit]

Yurchikhin served as a Flight Engineer for the Expedition 24/25 long duration missions to the ISS. On June 16, 2010, Yurchikhin along with NASA astronauts Douglas Wheelock and Shannon Walker lifted off aboard the Soyuz TMA-19 spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. He also served as the commander of the Soyuz TMA-19 spacecraft.

During his second long stay aboard the ISS, Yurhikhin participated in two spacewalks in support of station's maintenance and staging new experiments in the exterior of the orbiting complex. On 26 July 2010, Yurchikhin and fellow Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Korniyenko performed a spacewalk outside the space station. On 15 November 2010, Yurchikhin again participated in a spacewalk with cosmonaut and Expedition 25/26 flight engineer Oleg Skripochka.

On 18 October 2010, Yurchikhin took part in the all-Russian census from space. He answered questions for the census collectors during a linkup with the Mission Control Center outside Moscow.[7]

Yurchikhin returned to Earth on 26 November 2010 after spending 163 days aboard the ISS. Soyuz TMA-19 carrying the trio of Yurchikhin, Wheelock and Walker undocked from the space station at 01:23:13 GMT[8] After a nominal descent, the Soyuz TMA-19 descent module landed on the central steppes of Kazakhstan at 04:46 GMT[9][10] After the successful landing, Yurchikhin headed for Star City - the home of the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Russia.[11]

Expedition 36/37[edit]

Yurchikhin served as Soyuz Commander aboard TMA-09M which launched to the ISS on 28 May 2013, docking some six hours later, with fellow crewmembers NASA astronaut Karen Nyberg and ESA astronaut Luca Parmitano. He served as Flight Engineer for Expedition 36, and as ISS Commander for Expedition 37. For a short time Yurchikhin was commander to a crew of nine, after the docking of Soyuz TMA-11M on 7 November 2013, with four astronaut corps represented between the nine crewmembers (RSA, NASA, ESA, JAXA). The three returned to Earth aboard their Soyuz on 11 November 2013.

Spacewalks[edit]

Outfitted in a Russian Orlan space suit, Fyodor Yurchikhin participates in a spacewalk on June 6, 2007.
Fyodor Yuchikhin participating in his third spacewalk on July 23, 2007.

On 30 May 2007, at 19:05 UTC Yurchikhin began his first spacewalk from the Pirs docking compartment airlock. He and fellow cosmonaut Oleg Kotov performed a 5 hour and 25 minute spacewalk, during which they installed protective panels to shield ISS from space debris.[12]

On 6 June 2007, Yurchikhin performed his second spacewalk from the Pirs docking compartment airlock. The two spacewalkers installed a section of Ethernet cable on the Zarya module, installed additional Service Module Debris Protection (SMDP) panels on Zvezda, and deployed a Russian scientific experiment. Yurchikhin and Kotov returned to the ISS at 4:00 p.m. EDT to wound up the 5 hours, 37 minutes spacewalk.[13]

On 23 July 2007, Yurchikhin participated in his third spacewalk along with NASA astronaut Clayton Anderson. He emerged from the US Quest airlock at 10:24 UTC, to officially begin the spacewalk.[14] During the spacewalk, Yurchikhin and Anderson removed and jettisoned the Early Ammonia Servicer (EAS), installed a television camera stanchion, reconfigured a power supply for an antenna assembly, and performed several get-ahead tasks. The spacewalk lasted 7 hours and 41 minutes.

On 26 July 2010, Yurchikhin and fellow Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Korniyenko performed a spacewalk outside the space station. The two cosmonauts on July 23 put on their Orlan spacesuits and performed a dry run of the spacewalk activities. From inside the Pirs docking compartment they checked out the Orlan systems, practiced translation movements and tested their mobility. During the spacewalk (Russian EVA #25), Yurchikhin and Kornienko outfitted the Rassvet module's (MRM1) Kurs automated rendezvous system, installed cables and remove and replaced a video camera.[15] The spacewalk lasted six hours and 42 minutes.

On 15 November 2010, Yurchikhin participated in a spacewalk with fellow Russian cosmonaut and Expedition 25 Flight Engineer Oleg Skripochka.[16][17] At 13:25 UTC, he and Skripochka ventured into space outside the ISS from the Pirs airlock to conduct Russian EVA #26. The spacewalk lasted six hours and 27 minutes.[18] It was the fifth for Yurchikhin, who was in the spacesuit marked with red stripes.[19] The two cosmonauts removed Kontur and Expose-R scientific experiments. The Kontur experiment studied remote object control capability for robotic arms and the Expose-R experiment is a European Space Agency experiment designed to expose organic material to the extreme environment of space. During the spacewalk, Yurchikhin and Skripochka also installed a portable multipurpose workstation on the Zvezda service module and installed handrail extensions between the Poisk Module and both Zvezda and Zarya modules. They performed an experiment called Test, which is aimed at verifying the existence of micro organisms or contamination underneath insulation on the Russian segment of the ISS. Yurchikhin and Skripochka removed a television camera from the Rassvet module, however they were not able to relocate the camera due to interference with insulation where it was to be installed.[20]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  1. ^ Russian Federal Space Agency (June 5, 2010). "Soyuz TMA-19: Conquering the Olympus". Retrieved June 6, 2010. 
  2. ^ "The XXII Olympic Winter Games in Sochi in 2014 has opened with a grand show". www.Sochi2014.com. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ NASA (May 8, 2007). "Preflight Interview: Fyodor Yurchikhin". Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  4. ^ Jim Banke. "Mission Atlantis: Meet the Crewmembers of STS-112". Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  5. ^ http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/yurchikhin.html NASA - Biographical Data
  6. ^ William Harwood (2007). "Soyuz capsule makes 'ballistic' descent to Earth". CBS News - Spaceflight Now. Retrieved October 21, 2007. 
  7. ^ Klaus Schmidt (2010-10-19). "Russian cosmonauts on ISS take part in census". SPACE FELLOWSHIP. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  8. ^ "Soyuz TMA-19 departed from the ISS". Russian Federal Space Agency. 2010-11-25. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  9. ^ Chris Bergin (2010-11-25). "Soyuz TMA-19 retuns home – ISS long term scheduling work". NASAspaceflight.com. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  10. ^ Justin Ray (2010-11-25). "Mission Status Center". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 2010-11-26. 
  11. ^ "Space Station Astronauts Make Thanksgiving Day Return to Earth". Coalition for SPACE Exploration. 2010-11-26. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  12. ^ NASA (May 30, 2007). "Spacewalk Complete, Debris Panels Installed". Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  13. ^ NASA (June 6, 2007). "Cosmonauts Wrap Up Debris-Panel Spacewalk". Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  14. ^ Dave Mosher (July 23, 2007). "Spacewalk Scrap: ISS Astronauts Toss Space Junk". SPACE.com. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  15. ^ NASA (July 21, 2010). "Expedition 24 Spacewalk Briefing". Retrieved July 24, 2010. 
  16. ^ NASA (October 2010). "Expedition 25 and 26 PRESS KIT - A New Decade Begins". Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Russian Cosmonauts Commence Space Walk". Russian Federal Space Agency. 2010-11-15. Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  18. ^ "Russian Cosmonauts Returned to the ISS after EVA". Russian Federal Space Agency. 2010-11-16. Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  19. ^ NASA (2010-11-12). "Russians Plan 26th Space Station Spacewalk". Retrieved 2010-11-13. 
  20. ^ NASA (2010-11-15). "Crew completes spacewalk". Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
21. http://www.ellines.com/erga-ellinon/512-metaferei-ton-olumpo-sto-diastima/

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Michael Lopez-Alegria
ISS Expedition Commander
21 April to 21 October 2007
Succeeded by
Peggy Whitson
Preceded by
Pavel Vinogradov
ISS Expedition Commander
10 September to 11 November 2013
Succeeded by
Oleg Kotov