Gâteau Basque is a traditional dessert from the Basque region of France. Typically Gâteau Basque is constructed from layers of an almond flour based cake with a filling of either pastry cream or preserved cherries. The pastry cream Gâteau Basque is more typical in the Spanish Basque Country. This started during the 19th century. Its name was because the Basque name, the name that it has in Basque language was very difficult for travelers. Those started to call it "Basque Cake" or The Cake that belongs to Basques.