Gönen

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For other places with the same name, see Gönen (disambiguation).
Gönen
Gönen is located in Turkey
Gönen
Gönen
Coordinates: 40°6′5″N 27°39′5″E / 40.10139°N 27.65139°E / 40.10139; 27.65139Coordinates: 40°6′5″N 27°39′5″E / 40.10139°N 27.65139°E / 40.10139; 27.65139
Country Turkey
Province Balıkesir
Government
 • Mayor Hüseyin Yakar (AKP)
Area[1]
 • District 1,118.21 km2 (431.74 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 45,282
 • District 73,325
 • District density 66/km2 (170/sq mi)

Gönen is a district of Balıkesir Province of Turkey, in the southern part of Marmara Sea. The town is mostly known for its therapeutic hot springs, leather processing and rice production.

Location[edit]

The town is surrounded by Bandırma in the northeast, Biga and Yenice in the west, Marmara Sea and Gulf of Erdek and Balya in the south. Elevation is 33 metres (108 ft) above sea level.

Names and etymology[edit]

The oldest known name of the town is Asepsus (Ασεψούς in Ancient greek). This was also the name of the brook, that flows next to the city center and was crossed by the Roman Aesepus Bridge. Research shows that the subsequent name was Artemea (Αρτεμέα), a derivation of the Greek goddess Artemis.

After the Ottoman conquest the name Gönen was used. The etymological source of that name is still disputed. Widely accepted possibilities are:

  • Non-Turkish possibilities:
    • Ka-wana : A word meaning "Sheepland/Sheep Country" in Luwian
    • Germenon : A word meaning "Hot Spring"
    • Giunan : A word meaning "Greek" (Yion,in ancient Greek),becoming "Giunen" and then "Gonen" in Turkish
  • Possible meanings in Turkish:
    • A small pond that dries in summer, small pond, placid water
    • Humidity, wet, well-watered.

Also, some sources indicate that there was a nomadic tribe of the "Yörükan community" bearing the name "Gönen","Gönan" or "Gönenlü". The tribe was loosely based around Adana and Maraş.

History[edit]

According to Evliya Çelebi's Seyahatname (In which he collected the notes of his journeys), Gönen was used by the governors of Bursa as a summer holiday location, where they enjoyed the therapeutic uses of the hot springs.

On 18 March 1953, Gönen suffered a devastating 7.3 M_\mathrm{w} earthquake which left 50 dead in Gönen and hundreds of buildings damaged.[3] a previous devastating earthquake had occurred here in 1440 AD.[4]

Demographics[edit]

According to, the census that took place in 2010, the population is 43,802. This data includes, the town center and nearby villages within the virtual borderline drawn by branches of Gonen Brook. The total population, including Sarıköy and all 89 villages, is 73407. The population distribution is mostly linear, as most villages are located in between the borders of the valley. However, population density noticeably decreases in more steep areas.

Transport[edit]

City/Town Distance
Bandırma 45 km
Balıkesir 145 km
Çanakkale 150 km
Bursa 155 km

There are regular bus routes to and from Istanbul, Ankara and İzmir. Sea and train routes are available by transfer in Bandırma.[citation needed] Using available high speed ferry services, it takes 2 hours to reach Istanbul. The only train route available is to İzmir, but this is mostly used for cargo, rather than passenger transportation. Local air service is available through Bursa. International flights are handled through İstanbul and İzmir.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ "Today In Earthquake History:March 18". United States Geological Survey. 2008-07-16. Retrieved 2009-07-07. [dead link]
  4. ^ Kürçer, Akın (2008) "The Yenice–Gönen active fault (NW Turkey): Active tectonics and palaeoseismology" Tectonophysics 453: pp. 263-275

External links[edit]