Göschenen

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Göschenen
Göschenen -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Göschenen
Canton Uri
District n.a.
46°40′N 8°35′E / 46.667°N 8.583°E / 46.667; 8.583Coordinates: 46°40′N 8°35′E / 46.667°N 8.583°E / 46.667; 8.583
Population 434 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 4 /km2 (11 /sq mi)
Area 104.16 km2 (40.22 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,111 m (3,645 ft)
Postal code 6487
SFOS number 1208
Surrounded by Andermatt, Gadmen (BE), Gurtnellen, Hospental, Oberwald (VS), Realp, Wassen
Website www.goeschenen.ch
SFSO statistics
Göschenen is located in Switzerland
Göschenen
Göschenen

Göschenen (Italian: Casinotta, Romansh: Caschanuttais) a village in the canton of Uri in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Göschenen is first mentioned in 1280 as Geschenden. In 1290 it was mentioned as Gescheldun, then in 1294 as Geschenen and in 1429 as ze Gestinen.[3]

Geography[edit]

Göschenen railway station at near the entrance to the Gotthard tunnel

Göschenen has an area, as of 2006, of 104.1 km2 (40.2 sq mi). Of this area, 7.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 11.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (80.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4] In the 1993/97 land survey, 5.1% of the total land area was heavily forested, while 5.5% is covered in small trees and shrubbery. Of the agricultural land, 0.0% is used for farming or pastures, while 0.7% is used for orchards or vine crops and 6.6% is used for alpine pastures. Of the settled areas, 0.1% is covered with buildings, 0.3% is classed as special developments, and 0.5% is transportation infrastructure. Of the unproductive areas, 1.3% is unproductive standing water (ponds or lakes), 0.9% is unproductive flowing water (rivers), 62.8% is too rocky for vegetation, and 15.4% is other unproductive land.[5]

Göschenen and its railway station are located at the northern end of the St. Gotthard Tunnel and the Gotthard Rail Tunnel. The town grew up around a bridge over the Reuss river. The Schöllenen Gorge in the Reuss Valley between Andermatt and Göschenen is the location of the infamous Devil's Bridge. A very short 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge railway line, the Schöllenenbahn, connects Göschenen railway station with Andermatt railway station, via the Schöllenen Gorge.

Until 1875 it was part of the municipality of Wassen. It consists of the village of Göschenen and the hamlets of Abfrutt and the Göscheneralp.

Demographics[edit]

Goschenen church

Göschenen has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 434.[1] As of 2007, 4.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -26.9%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (94.9%), with Portuguese being second most common ( 2.0%) and Spanish being third ( 1.2%).[4] As of 2007 the gender distribution of the population was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the FDP party received 90.4% of the vote.[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Göschenen about 58.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Göschenen has an unemployment rate of 0.81%. As of 2005, there were 34 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 10 businesses involved in this sector. 75 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 4 businesses in this sector. 96 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 17 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][7]

year population
1837 344
1850 348
1880 2,992a
1900 773
1920 974
1950 698
1960 1,284
1970 888
2000 511
2005 473
2007 450
2010 410
^a Population increase due to construction of the Gotthard rail tunnel.

Weather[edit]

Göschenen has an average of 151.4 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,424 mm (56.1 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is April during which time Göschenen receives an average of 139 mm (5.5 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 14.2 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is May, with an average of 15.3, but with only 139 mm (5.5 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year is September with an average of 102 mm (4.0 in) of precipitation over 14.2 days.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 29 August 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Göschenen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 09-Sep-2009
  5. ^ Canton Uri - Ground use statistics (German) accessed 8 September 2009
  6. ^ Uri Population statistics (German) accessed 8 September 2009
  7. ^ Uri in Numbers 2009/10 edition (German) accessed 8 September 2009
  8. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 1099 meters above sea level.

External links[edit]