Gülcemal Kadın Efendi
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Turkish Wikipedia. (April 2009)|
Caucasus, Ottoman Empire
|Died||16 November 1851 or 29 December 1895
Ortaköy, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Cause of death
|Yeni Mosque, Istanbul|
|Religion||Ortodox Christian, subsequently converted to Islam after her capture|
Gül-Cemâl Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: گلجمال سلطان) (or Gül-Cemâl Kadınefendi) (née Sofia) (c. 1826 – 16 November 1851 or 29 December 1895) was a Caucasian wife of Ottoman Sultan Abdülmecid I and the mother of Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire.
She was born in 1826. She was from Caucasian descent. She entered the Imperial Harem in or about 1839. On 27 March 1843 she was married to Abdülmecid I. She gave birth to five children, including Mehmed V. Two of her children died in infancy and the surviving three of them were adopted by, Servet-Sedâ Kadın Efendi, one of Abdülmecid's consorts. She died (16 November 1851 or 29 December 1895) in Ortaköy, Constantinople/Istanbul However, she was never Valide Sultan to her son, because she died before Mehmed Reşad's accession to the Ottoman throne. Her cause of death was tuberculosis. She is buried in the Mausoleum of the imperial ladies at the Yeni Mosque Istanbul.
She bore Abdülmecid five children, of which only three survived:
- Princess Fatma Sultan (1 November 1840 - 29 August 1884)
- Princess Hadice Sultan (7 February 1842 - 1842)
- Princess Refia Sultan (7 February 1842 - 4 January 1880)
- Sultan Mehmed V (2 November 1844 - 4 July 1918)
- Princess Rukiye Sultan (born 1850)
- Finkel, Caroline, Osman's Dream, (Basic Books, 2005), 57; "Istanbul was only adopted as the city's official name in 1930..".
- "Sultan V. Mehmed Reşad Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06.
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