Veerhoffhaus, built in 1649
|• Mayor||Maria Unger (SPD)|
|• Total||111.99 km2 (43.24 sq mi)|
|Elevation||75 m (246 ft)|
|• Density||850/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||05241, 05209 (Friedrichsdorf)|
Gütersloh (German pronunciation: [ˈɡyːtɐsloː]) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, in the area of Westphalia and the administrative region of Detmold. Gütersloh is the administrative centre for a district of the same name and has a population of 96,320 people.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Politics
- 3 Major industries
- 4 Recreational amenities
- 5 Sports
- 6 International relations
- 7 Military
- 8 Famous people born in Gütersloh
- 9 Miscellaneous
- 10 References
Gütersloh lies in the Emssandebene, south-west of the Teutoburg Forest and on the north-eastern edge of the Westphalian basin and has no significant points of elevation. The city's lowest point is 64 metres (210 ft) above sea level on the river Ems near the Princess Royal Barracks and the highest point is 105 metres (344 ft) above sea level in the eastern township of Friedrichsdorf.
The border to Rheda-Wiedenbrück extends as part of the Rhedaer Forest, a large wooded area with predominantly coniferous trees. The river Dalke flows through the city from east to west, crossing close to the Stadt Park as well as the city centre and river Ems.
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||38.64%||23|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||28.07%||16|
|Grüne||Alliance '90/The Greens||11.06%||6|
|BfGT||Citizens for Gutersloh||8.86%||5|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||7.00%||4|
|UWG||Independent Voters´ Community||2.74%||2|
Gütersloh is an industrial city; inside the ring road is the city centre which contains a variety of shops and department stores. Gütersloh is best known for Bertelsmann (media) with 11,300 workers (district) and Miele (appliance manufacturer) with 5,000 workers. There are 5,000 other (small and medium-sized) enterprises in Gütersloh. Those companies have 46,000 workers. The most important areas are:
- media: Bertelsmann
- Software: Reply Deutschland
- metal working: Miele, Westaflex
- food: Mestemacher (baked goods, Pumpernickel), Campina GmbH (Dairy), Marten, Vogt & Wolf (meat, sausages), Gehring-Bunte (drinks)
Gütersloh has four parks: The Stadtpark und Botanischer Garten Gütersloh contains a duck pond, a botanical garden, and many paths bordered by mature trees. It was built 1908–09 next to the river Dalke and is one of the most beautiful parks in Germany. The Mohns Park contains a paddling pool, an adventure playground area, a minigolf area, some sports fields and a hockey field which can be used for ice hockey, too. Since 1949 there is an amphitheater with 1,100 seats. The name comes from the owner, Frederike Mohn from which the town bought the park in 1937. There is also the small Riegerpark (named after the nursery Rieger) and the park of the LWL-clinic (built 1911–14, with many listed buildings and a small deer park).
Swimmers are accommodated amply in Gütersloh with no fewer than four pools, both indoor and outdoor, the large outdoor pool has an Olympic Size Pool, diving boards and sunbathing space, while the original indoor pool has the usual sauna and steam rooms.
The Stadtmuseum Gütersloh (Town Museum Gütersloh) accommodates – beside exhibits to Gütersloh’s local history – two exhibitions referring to the history of medicine and industry.
In the second half of March opens the Gütersloher Frühling around house and garden. Local garden centers, nurseries and flower shops present their savvy. During the langenachtderkunst („long night of the art“) in May or June museums and art galleries have opened very long, and the Straßenzauber (street magic) where you can see antique cars and new cars of all categories. Pentecost there is a wine festival while on the market place is the Pentecost funfair.
Over the whole summer there are many concerts shown on the open air stage in the Mohns Park. In theRadrennen über Wasser (bikerace over the water) the bikers have to drive over a course of planks over a boating pond without falling in the water. At „Gütersloh für Genießer“ („Gütersloh for gourmets“) many restaurants present haute cuisine open air. At "Gütersloh international" many foreign musicians and folk dancers present a mixed program in front of the municipal hall. In August bands and stand-up comedians show their program for free on the Dreiecksplatz.
At the end of September begins the Michaelis-funfair. Every two years there is also a pageant where many clubs present themselves. In October is Schinkenmarkt (ham market) where you can buy ham not just from Westphalia. Traditionally the year ends with a Christmas market on the Berliner Platz.
There are many Schützenvereine, Gütersloher Schützengesellschaft exists since 1832.
There are always many Easter fires on Easter Saturday.
In 2006 there were 95 clubs with 25,000 members in Gütersloh. There are 24 sports fields and 39 coliseums, of which eleven are bigger than 22 × 45 meters. There are also three open-air baths and two indoor swimming pools.
The oldest Westphalian football club, the Gymnasial-Spielverein Gütersloh, was founded in 1878 at the Evangelisch Stiftisches Gymnasium.
The most popular football club of the town is FC Gütersloh 2000 (FCG) which had a spell in the 2. Fußball-Bundesliga from 1996 to 1999 before being relegated and dissolved by a court due to an overwhelming debt 7 million DM. Subsequently, the club was re-established in 2000. The women's team plays as FSV Gütersloh 2009 in the 2. Bundesliga (women) while the men's team plays in the Oberliga Westfalen, the fifth league. The FSV Gütersloh 2009 organizes the Gütersloher Hallenmasters, Germany's biggest international cup for U17-teams. There is also the Strenge-Cup, one of the biggest cups in Ostwestfalen-Lippe for teenagers.
A great event in the history of Gütersloh was the 2006 FIFA World Cup. Being an official training area, the Heidewaldstadion was used three times by the Portuguese national team. Up to 5,000 fans came to watch the games on the biggest video screen in Ostwestfalen-Lippe in front of the town hall. Gütersloh was one of the very few towns in Germany where the FIFA World Cup Trophy was shown. Many people also had a job-related connection to the World Cup because many articles like books, magazines or posters were produced in Gütersloh by Bertelsmann.
Gütersloh is twinned with:
- Châteauroux in France (since 1977)
- Broxtowe in the United Kingdom (1978),
- Grudziądz in Poland (1989),
- Falun in Sweden (1994) and with
- Rzhev in Russia (2008).
A Royal Air Force station was located in Gütersloh until after the fall of the Berlin Wall. It was home of RAF Squadrons 2 and 4 which flew Hawker Hunter Photo Reconnaissance, and later 3 and 4 which flew the distinctive VTOL Harrier. They were supported by 18 Squadron operating Chinook Helicopters and 230 Squadron which flew Puma Helicopters. There were also personnel at the station from the RAF Regiment who provided Rapier Ground to Air Missile Support. It was the most easterly of the NATO airbases during the Cold War.
The Station was originally built for the Luftwaffe who flew Junkers bombers from the station and the runway was extended during this period using the labour of Soviet prisoners of war, a memorial to whom now stands near Junkers Farm, a farm building which was later used as a Scout Hut within the station's perimeter fence. The farm building is now sadly condemned and the scouts use a larger building on Mansergh Barracks instead, but the scouts still use the area near the building during the summer and the memorial is still mentioned on camps.
RAF Gütersloh closed in 1993.
Princess Royal Barracks, Gütersloh
The British Army took over RAF Gütersloh in 1993 and renamed it Princess Royal Barracks, Gütersloh. It now houses Regiments of the Royal Logistic Corps, Army Air Corps and 114 Provost Company, Royal Military Police. The second barracks in Gütersloh is called Mansergh Barracks, which holds a British high school called King's School and a primary school called Haig School for the armed forces. Mansergh Barracks is home to 26th Regiment of the Royal Artillery. It has a postal address of BFPO 113. BFPO 47 refers to Princess Royal Barracks.
Famous people born in Gütersloh
- Diana Amft (born 1975), actress
- Simon Gosejohann (born 1976), comedian, TV presenter and actor
- Hans Werner Henze (1926–2012), composer
- Wolf Hilbertz (1938–2007), architect, inventor, and marine scientist
- Rudolf Miele (1929–2004), entrepreneur
- Reinhard Mohn (1921–2009), owner of Bertelsmann
- Ludwig Müller (theologian) (1883–1945), leader of the Protestant Reich Church
- Friedrich Daniel von Recklinghausen (1833–1910), pathologist
- Hanns-Heinrich Lohmann Knights cross holder
Assyrians in Gütersloh
In Gütersloh there are approx. 3,000 Assyrians. It's the town with the most Assyrians in Germany. In 2010, 100 companies in Gütersloh were run by Assyrians. Three football clubs play in local leagues: Tur Abdin Gütersloh, Aramäer Gütersloh and St. Gabriel Gütersloh.
In local media "Dalkestadt" is often used. An older nickname is "Nazareth" or "little Nazareth" because the Protestants in the 19th century were very religious. In Low German, the city is called Gütsel. The younger inhabitants often use G-Town or (jocosely) Lülaloh.
Food and Drink
The cuisine in Gütersloh is mostly influenced by the traditional and substantial Westphalian way of cooking. A typical dish would be pumpernickel, a heavy, sweet rye bread, served with Westphalian ham. Also popular is the so-called Pickert, made out of flour, milk, eggs, currants and yeast which is then mixed and put into a baking pan. The recipe is dated back to 1900 and it is still popular amongst the people and served in restaurants up until today. Regional beverages are for example the Steinhäger-Gin, made in the nearby community of Steinhagen, the bitter Schroeders Boonekamp and the special brews brewed in the Gütersloher brewery.
- "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 4 September 2014.
- "Le service municipal des jumelages" [Châteauroux municipal twinning service]. Ville de Châteauroux (in French). Archived from the original on 2012-09-20. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
- Matthias E. Borner, Detlef Güthenke: Stadtführer Gütersloh (Cityguide Gütersloh). tpk-Verlag, Bielefeld 2010, ISBN 978-3-936359-43-5
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gütersloh.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Gütersloh.|