Gò Công

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For the former province of Vietnam from 1924 till 1976, see Gò Công Province.
Gò Công
Gò Công is located in Vietnam
Gò Công
Location of Gò Công in Vietnam
Coordinates: 10°22′N 106°40′E / 10.367°N 106.667°E / 10.367; 106.667Coordinates: 10°22′N 106°40′E / 10.367°N 106.667°E / 10.367; 106.667
Country  Vietnam
Province Tiền Giang
Area
 • Total 101.98 km2 (39.37 sq mi)

Gò Công is a town district (thị xã) of Tiền Giang Province in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam. The town of Gò Công is not to be confused with East Gò Công and West Gò Công Districts (Vietnamese: huyện Gò Công Đông and huyện Gò Công Tây) which also belong to Tiền Giang Province.

The Royal Mausoleums[edit]

The Gò Công District has many canals, orchards and fields. It is the home of an ancient architectural complex called the Lang Hoang Gia (Royal Mausoleums). The mausoleum complex is located in Long Hung Commune in the district's Gò Công Town near National Highway 50, and about 30 kilometers from the province's Mỹ Tho Town. It is the place where people of the Pham Dang lineage, a clan of mandarins and courtiers famous in the southern region in the 18th and 19th centuries, were buried after they died.

The complex[edit]

All of the deceased aristocrats’ mausoleums were built facing each other on both sides of a road, over an area of nearly 3,000 square meters. The complex is surrounded by a wall which is 80 centimeters thick and 90 centimeters high. The ancient gate, decorated with immaculate detail, is covered with sheets of green moss. Two rows of pines form a path to the mausoleums.

Construction[edit]

The mausoleums were built by locals and skillful carpenters from Huế in the central region, so the complex reflects a traditional Huế architectural style. Several kinds of precious woods were used in the construction of the mausoleum, mostly brought in from the then feudal capital of Huế. No nails were used to connect the wooden pillars, rafters or roof beams of the complex. Wooden tablets with sacred oriental animals and flowers are carved into the surface of much of the wood, creating a great solemnity inside the mausoleums, while imposing pillars add a majesty to the complex.

The Grand Duke[edit]

Among the 13 mausoleums built between 1811 and the early 20th century, the mausoleum of Grand Duke Phạm Đăng Hưng—father of Queen Consort Tu Du (Phạm Thị Hằng) of the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945) and maternal grandfather of King Tự Đức (1829–1883)—is the most impressive of all. It is located on a mound covering more than 800 square meters and according to local residents, the grand duke was buried in a sitting position inside a two-layered coffin.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Source: VietNamNet/TN Reported by Pham Du Ky