Górki Małe, Silesian Voivodeship

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Górki Małe
Village
Village centre
Village centre
Coat of arms of Górki Małe
Coat of arms
Górki Małe is located in Poland
Górki Małe
Górki Małe
Coordinates: 49°45′22.20″N 18°52′6.54″E / 49.7561667°N 18.8684833°E / 49.7561667; 18.8684833Coordinates: 49°45′22.20″N 18°52′6.54″E / 49.7561667°N 18.8684833°E / 49.7561667; 18.8684833
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County Cieszyn
Gmina Brenna
First mentioned 1305
Area 2.75 km2 (1.06 sq mi)
Population (2008) 768
 • Density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43-436
Car plates SCI

About this sound Górki Małe  is a village in Gmina Brenna, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland. It has a population of 768 (2008). It lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

History[edit]

A Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 lists Gorki villa vlodari[1] thus mentioning what is now Górki Wielkie for the first time. However, it was written in an atypical form and suggests that a village was much older. The reason why it was inscribed to the document was connected to a process of extracting of a part of the village, which belonged wholly to dukes, to form a new village given to a knight. The part which remained in dukes hand was later called Górki Małe, while a knight's part Górki Wielkie. As so a village of Górki (Małe) functioned probably before 1290, when the Duchy of Teschen was formed (where both belonged ever since). From it was extracted a knights' villages which was then first mentioned in Liber fundationis...[2]

Politically both villages belonged initially to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 297. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  2. ^ I. Panic, 2010, p. 290

References[edit]