Górki Wielkie

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Górki Wielkie
Village
All Saints parish church
All Saints parish church
Coat of arms of Górki Wielkie
Coat of arms
Górki Wielkie is located in Poland
Górki Wielkie
Górki Wielkie
Coordinates: 49°46′22.10″N 18°51′14.42″E / 49.7728056°N 18.8540056°E / 49.7728056; 18.8540056
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County Cieszyn
Gmina Brenna
First mentioned 1305
Area 14.67 km2 (5.66 sq mi)
Population (2008) 3,554
 • Density 240/km2 (630/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43-436
Car plates SCI

Górki Wielkie [ˈɡurki ˈvjɛlkʲɛ] ( ) is a village in Gmina Brenna, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland. It has a population of 3554 (2008). It lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

The village was first mentioned in a Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 as Gorki villa vlodari.[1] It was written in an atypical form and suggests that a village was much older. The reason why it was inscribed to the document was connected to a process of extracting of a part of the village, which belonged wholly to dukes, to form a new village given to a knight. The part which remained in dukes hand was later called Górki Małe, while a knights' part Górki Wielkie. As so a village of Górki (Małe) functioned probably before 1290, when the Duchy of Teschen was formed (where both belonged ever since). From it was extracted a knights' villages which was then first mentioned in Liber fundationis...[2]

Polish writer Zofia Kossak-Szczucka lived here from 1924 and is buried here. There is also a museum dedicated to her in Górki Wielkie.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 297. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  2. ^ I. Panic, 2010, p. 290

References[edit]