Görele

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Görele
Town
Official logo of Görele
Seal
Görele is located in Turkey
Görele
Görele
Coordinates: 41°02′N 39°02′E / 41.033°N 39.033°E / 41.033; 39.033Coordinates: 41°02′N 39°02′E / 41.033°N 39.033°E / 41.033; 39.033
Country  Turkey
Region Black Sea
Province Giresun
Government
 • Mayor Tolga Erener (AKP)
Area[1]
 • District 178.65 km2 (68.98 sq mi)
Elevation 158 m (518 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 15,839
 • District 30,276
 • District density 170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 28800
Area code(s) (+90) 454
Licence plate 28
Website http://www.gorele.bel.tr

Görele is a town and a district of Giresun Province on the Black Sea coast of eastern Turkey. The population was 16,033 in 2010.

Etymology[edit]

The name derives from the Italian for coral as the Genoese named the area La Coralla.

Geography[edit]

The district is mainly mountainous and watered by streams and rivers running into the Black Sea, the highest peaks are Mount Sis and Haç (Haş). Up to 600m the hillsides are covered with hazelnuts, along with alder, poplars and other deciduous trees. The agriculture of the district is mainly hazelnuts along with some tea planting, beekeeping, and gardening for domestic consumption, while the higher elevations are forest and pasture.

Recently trout farming has begun in the mountain waterways and more importantly the attractive high pasture lands have begun to attract visitors on trekking holidays. Traditionally in this part of the world people would move their sheep and cattle to the high pastures (yayla) for summer grazing and today this has become something of an event with summer folklore festivals in places like Sis Dağı attracting visitors from all over Turkey, who come to hear the Kemençe and watch people dance the Horon. The sale of local costumes and craftwork such as wooden toys and woven goods bring extra income to the district.

The climate is typical of the Black Sea region; it rains in every season and in the high mountains it snows in winter. The mountain hinterland is hard to access, with many dirt roads and the villages are continuously shrinking as the villagers migrate to Turkey's larger cities in search of work.

Görele itself is a large town of 27,000 people on the Black Sea coast. The Black Sea coast highway from Giresun to Trabzon runs through here and Görele is about halfway between the two cities, 70 km from each. There is no real port at Görele so goods and people all come though this coast road, but there is a small fishing fleet. The only industry is hazelnut processing, and in August the whole area is busy with people harvesting hazelnuts and bringing them into town. The coast road has unfortunately spoilt the beauty of the seaside.

The local cuisine includes a special pizza-style pide and a local ice-cream.

Görele has its own kemençe style and tradition. Famous Görelean kemençe players include Tuzcuoğlu Mehmet Ali, Halil Ağa and Picoğlu Osman.

History[edit]

There was a Genoese trading post here and the ruins of their castle is 20 km east of the town of Görele today. Chepni Turks arrived Görele from Khorasan during the beginning of the 13/14th century.

As the castle of Kordyle, this was one of the last Christian outposts to fall to Sultan Mehmet II after he conquered the Empire of Trebizond in 1461. According to Pontic ballads, it was defended against the Sultan's soldier by a peasant girl until she took her life by throwing herself from a window. According to William Miller, the window could still be seen up to the Crimean War.[3]

From 1878 to 1922, it was a part of Ottoman Trebizond Vilayet. During republic era, it became a part of newly founded Giresun province.

Görele, like the rest of this coast was occupied by Russian troops for two years during the First World War.

Prominent residents[edit]

A number of politicians, musicians and writers came from Görele including:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Miller, Trebizond: The last Greek Empire of the Byzantine Era: 1204-1461, 1926 (Chicago: Argonaut, 1969), p. 107
  4. ^ [1] (Last accessed May 20, 2012).

External links[edit]