O. Gösta A. Persson (January 8, 1904 – February 23, 1991) was a Swedish freestyle swimmer and water polo player who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics and in the 1936 Summer Olympics.
Persson was born in Stockholm on January 8, 1904. In 1924 he won the bronze medal as member of the Swedish 4 x 200 metres freestyle relay team. He was also part of the Swedish team which finished fourth in the Olympic water polo tournament. He played all six matches. Twelve years later he played four matches in the 1936 Olympic water polo tournament when the Swedish team finished in seventh place.
Persson died in Malmö on February 23, 1991.