Station building and station forecourt
|Location||Göttingen, Lower Saxony
|Architect||Conrad Wilhelm Hase|
|Architectural style||Hannoverian Rundbogenstil|
Göttingen railway station, known in German as Bahnhof Göttingen, is an InterCityExpress stop on Germany's domestic long-distance rail network and the only passenger station of the city of Göttingen. Built in 1854 as the terminus of the Hanoverian Southern Railway, the station lies west of the medieval town centre. The station today has four platform islands each with two through tracks. In addition there is a through track for goods traffic between the station building and the platforms.
As part of the planning for the construction of the Hanoverian Southern Railway, the municipal council of the city of Göttingen decided in 1851 to request for the construction of a station west of its centre. During the followed three years there were sometimes heated discussions among citizens and in particular the affected landowners, until the groundbreaking ceremony in 1853. The planning was undertaken by Adolph Funk, Conrad Wilhelm Hase and Julius Rasch and construction was managed by Emil Hackländer. The design of the station followed the example of the Hannover Central Station (Central-Bahnhof) completed in 1847 in the Hanoverian Rundbogenstil ("round-arch" style) in natural stone. Operations commenced with carnival-like opening celebrations on 31 July 1854.
The section of the Hanoverian Southern Railway between Alfeld–and Göttingen was opened in 1854. It was extended to Kassel over the former Dransfeld ramp (Dransfelder rampe) in 1856. The Bebra–Göttingen railway was built from Göttingen to Friedland in 1867. The line was extended to Bebra in in 1875 and 1876, creating a connection to Kassel via Eichenberg. The station building in Göttingen was built between 1856 and 1887 and rebuilt several times. The station forecourt was rebuilt at the beginning of the 20th century. In the summer palms were now placed in front of the station; these shaped the image of the station until the Second World War.
The station facilities were rebuilt again from was about 1910 until the 1920s. In particular, the tracks were raised south of the station (which in the southern section involved the relocation of the line to Eichenberg) and the building of an underpass for Groner Chaussee (now Groner Landstrasse), as the railway crossing was congested by the increasing traffic and it has also been decided to build a tram line. The entrance building was rebuilt and given extensions. In the course of this rebuilding, the Garte Valley Railway (Gartetalbahn), a 750mm narrow gauge railway to Duderstadt that had previously ended at the station, was cut back to run to end at its own station about 400 metres further south; this line was closed in 1959.
The station was largely destroyed by bombing during the Second World War. The station and the station hall were rebuilt in the postwar period in a simplified form with a redesigned facade. Göttingen was connected to the electrified rail network in 1963. In the 1960s, the station forecourt was rebuilt again and aligned for the requirements of motor traffic. The buses that previously stopped almost directly in front of the station have since operated from a central bus station to the south of the station building and a car parking area was built in front of the station. The first railway to Kassel, the section of the Hanoverian Southern Railway that ran via Dransfeld, was closed in May 1980.
During the construction of the Hanover–Würzburg high-speed railway between 1984 and 1989, the station was extensively remodelled. It was extended to the west to a new platform serving tracks 10 and 11, the previous platform C (serving tracks 8 and 9) was demolished and rebuilt in the style of the new platform adjacent. Several buildings of the former workshop were demolished to build a new western entrance, including a passenger train servicing facility, which was re-erected elsewhere. The 400 m long platform C went into operation at the winter 1988/89 timetable change.
In 1981, it had been planned that the new line would have three tracks through the station area: apart from the two main tracks of the new line (the southern edge of platform C and the northern edge of platform D) it would have a track overtaking passenger trains (the southern edge of platform D). The original platform C was only used by services running to Bodenfelde.
The first plans for the new line in Lower Saxony, submitted in 1971, provided for a route though the Weser Uplands via Holzminden. After protests in the state and various studies and reports, the current route via Göttingen was adopted in 1976. The first of the two platforms for the new line was completed in September 1987. A total of 4.0 km of the tracks were adapted in the western part of the station area. The station area was a separate zoning section of the new line (no. 3.8 from km 98.750 to 101.000). The regional planning process in this area was completed on 30 September 1977.
Trains can run on the tracks of the new lines through the station at up to 120 km/h, the subsequent curve past the marshalling yard can be run at 200 km/h. The cruising speed through the station was chosen because all the passenger trains would stop in Göttingen anyway and this speed was considered sufficient for freight trains.
The station forecourt was rebuilt in the 1990s. On the street outside the station there is a bus station along with a pergola. To accommodate the growing number of parked bicycles, a bicycle parking station was opened next to the station building. Nevertheless, the forecourt is still crammed with bikes.
The station was renovated in three stages for Expo 2000 in Hanover in the late 1990s. First began the extension of the subway tunnel in the area of the old platforms A and B (tracks 4/5 and 6/7) and the provision of additional space for retail in this tunnel. The old platforms were also redeveloped, with the focus on the entrance area with a partially glazed roof. The newly built platform lifts were boarded up for months due to the lack of a Federal Railway Authority (Eisenbahn-Bundesamt) approval. In the third phase of the rebuilding, the part of the station building next to the tracks were rebuilt with toilets and luggage lockers. Simultaneously, the three through tracks between the station building and platform A were reduced to one track.
The extensive renovation work was completed at the end of 2006 in the last phase, which included the complete renovation of the station entrance hall. The new shopping area was occupied by, among other things, a branch of a fast-food chain. The €13.8 million renovation was completed in late March 2007.
As part of the economic stimulus program, the entrance building was renovated to reduce energy use by DB Station&Service in 2010/2011. In the autumn of 2012, the bicycle parking facilities were completely renewed and considerably expanded. It is still planned to renew the dynamic passenger information systems to improve the quality of information on city buses and regional trains.
The station is served by the following services (as of 2014):
|ICE 11||Berlin Ostbahnhof – Hildesheim – Göttingen – Kassel Wilhelmshöhe – Frankfurt am Main – Mannheim – Stuttgart – Ulm – Augsburg – Munich||Every 2 hours|
|ICE 12||Berlin Ostbahnhof – Hildesheim – Göttingen – Kassel Wilhelmshöhe – Frankfurt am Main – Mannheim – Freiburg – Basel Badischer Bahnhof – Basel SBB||Every 2 hours|
|ICE 20||(Kiel) – Hamburg – Hannover – Göttingen – Kassel Wilhelmshöhe – Frankfurt am Main – Mannheim – Karlsruhe – Freiburg – Basel Badischer Bahnhof – Basel SBB (– Zürich – Interlaken Ost)||Every 2 hours|
|ICE 22||(Kiel) – Hamburg – Hannover – Göttingen – Kassel Wilhelmshöhe – Frankfurt am Main – Frankfurt Airport – Mannheim (– Heidelberg) – Stuttgart||Every 2 hours|
|ICE 25||(Lübeck) – Hamburg – Hannover – Göttingen – Kassel Wilhelmshöhe – Fulda – Würzburg – Nuremberg – Ingolstadt or Donauwörth – Augsburg – Munich (– Garmisch-Partenkirchen)||Hourly|
|IC 26||(Ostseebad Binz) – Stralsund – Rostock – Hamburg – Hannover – Göttingen – Kassel Wilhelmshöhe – Gießen – Frankfurt am Main – Heidelberg – Karlsruhe||Every 2 hours|
|Preceding station||Deutsche Bahn||Following station|
towards Berlin Ost
towards Munich Hbf
towards Berlin Ost
towards Interlaken Ost
towards Basel SBB
towards Stuttgart Hbf
towards Munich Hbf
towards Ostseebad Binz
towards Karlsruhe Hbf
|Preceding station||Deutsche Bahn||Following station|
toward Bad Harzburg
|Preceding station||Metronom Eisenbahngesellschaft||Following station|
|Preceding station||Cantus Verkehrsgesellschaft||Following station|
toward Kassel Hbf
|Preceding station||NordWestBahn||Following station|
On the opposite side of the station, this historical industrial monument now accommodates a large multiplex cinema and multipurpose hall for conferences and events with 5,400 m ² of meeting space and 3,000 m ² of lobby area. A locomotive overhaul centre was set up here in 1855. The continuation of the route from Hannoversch Munden over the Dransfelder Incline required stronger locomotives for the steep gradients: these were stored and repaired in the Göttingen works. The buildings of the locomotive depot date from 1917. After 1976 the works were closed, the area lay vacant for two decades and although listed in 1981 by the Niedersächsische Institut für Baudenkmalpflege at first no profitable re-use was adopted. In 1993 plans for re-use led to the multiplex cinema opening in the northern part of the plant in 1996, the meeting hall in the southern end opened in December 1998.
- "Stationspreisliste 2015" [Station price list 2015] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- Peter Schurmann (2002). Ernst Böhme, ed. Göttingen – Geschichte einer Universitätsstadt. (in German) 2. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. p. 130. ISBN 3-525-36197-1.
- Hans-Joachim Gnest, Peter Leiste. "Neubaustrecke Hannover–Würzburg: Inbetriebnahme zwischen Nörten-Hardenberg und Göttingen.". Die Bundesbahn (in German) 10 (Yearbook 1990): 941–944.
- "Jahresrückblick 1988". Die Bundesbahn (in German) 65 (1): 61. 1989. ISSN 0007-5876.
- Norbert Klein, Peter Leiste (1981). "Stand der Planungs- und Bauarbeiten im Abschnitt Edesheim–Göttingen der Neubaustrecke Hannover–Würzburg". Die Bundesbahn (in German) 57 (10): 789–794. ISSN 0007-5876.
- Walter Engels, Peter Nußberger, Helmut Weber (1987). "Planung und Realisierung der Neubaustrecke Hannover–Würzburg". In Knut Reimers, Wilhelm Linkerhägner. Wege in die Zukunft. Neubau- und Ausbaustrecken der DB (in German). Darmstadt: Hestra Verlag. pp. 97–104. ISBN 3-7771-0200-8.
- Projektgruppe der NBS Hannover der Bahnbauzentrale (ed.). Neubaustrecke Hannover–Würzburg: Der Abschnitt Northeim – Göttingen (in German). Deutsche Bundesbahn. pp. 30 f. (Brochure, 44 A4 pages with status of May 1988)
- Projektgruppe Hannover–Würzburg (Nord), ed. (c. 1979). Neubaustrecke Hannover–Würzburg: Göttingen (in German). Hannover: Deutsche Bundesbahn. (folding card, 12 pages, A6)
- Ralph Seidel (2005). Der Einfluss veränderter Rahmenbedingungen auf Netzgestalt und Frequenzen im Schienenpersonenfernverkehr Deutschlands. Dissertation of the University of Leipzig (in German) (Leipzig). p. 46.
- "Bahnhof Göttingen nach Umbau feierlich eröffnet" (in German). www.bahnfahren.info. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Information on the rehabilitation (German)
- "Orion bietet Platz für 1600 Fahrräder". Göttinger Tageblatt (in German). 30 July 2012.
- Ulrich Schubert (21 August 2013). Verlagsgesellschaft Madsack GmbH & Co. KG, ed. "Göttingen hat "Bahnhof des Jahres 2013" - Das sagt die Jury". Göttinger Tageblatt (in German).
- Jens-Uwe Brinkmann (1998). Auf Schienen durch die Zeit. Der Göttinger Bahnhof von der Hannoverschen Südbahn bis zum Ende des Dampfzeitalters (in German). Göttingen. ISBN 3-929181-42-8.
- Günther Siedbürger (1995). Auf Schienen durch die Zeit. Der Göttinger Bahnhof von der Hannoverschen Südbahn bis zum Ende des Dampfzeitalters (in German). Göttingen. ISBN 3-926920-14-9.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Göttingen station.|
- "Station map" (PDF) (in German). Deutsche Bahn. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- "History of the Lokhalle" (in German). Retrieved 9 April 2014.