Göttingen station

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Göttingen station
Station building and station forecourt
Operations
Category 2 [1]
Type Through station
Platforms in use 8
DS100 code HG
Construction and location
Opened 1854
Style of architecture Hannoverian Rundbogenstil
Architect Conrad Wilhelm Hase
Location Göttingen
State Lower Saxony
Country Germany
51°32′12″N 9°55′37″E / 51.53667°N 9.92694°E / 51.53667; 9.92694Coordinates: 51°32′12″N 9°55′37″E / 51.53667°N 9.92694°E / 51.53667; 9.92694
Route information
List of railway stations in Lower Saxony
Aerial view

Göttingen railway station, known in German as Bahnhof Göttingen, is an InterCityExpress stop on Germany's domestic long-distance rail network and the only passenger station of the city of Göttingen. Built in 1854 as the terminus of the Hanoverian Southern Railway, the station lies west of the medieval town centre. The station today has four platform islands each with two through tracks. In addition there is a through track for goods traffic between the station building and the platforms.

History[edit]

As part of the planning for the construction of the Hanoverian Southern Railway, the municipal council of the city of Göttingen decided in 1851 to request for the construction of a station west of its centre. During the followed three years there were sometimes heated discussions among citizens and in particular the affected landowners,[2] until the groundbreaking ceremony in 1853. The planning was undertaken by Adolph Funk, Conrad Wilhelm Hase and Julius Rasch and construction was managed by Emil Hackländer. The design of the station followed the example of the Hannover Central Station (Central-Bahnhof) completed in 1847 in the Hanoverian Rundbogenstil ("round-arch" style) in natural stone. Operations commenced with carnival-like opening celebrations on 31 July 1854.[2]

The section of the Hanoverian Southern Railway between Alfeld–and Göttingen was opened in 1854. It was extended to Kassel over the former Dransfeld ramp (Dransfelder rampe) in 1856. The Bebra–Göttingen railway was built from Göttingen to Friedland in 1867. The line was extended to Bebra in in 1875 and 1876, creating a connection to Kassel via Eichenberg. The station building in Göttingen was built between 1856 and 1887 and rebuilt several times. The station forecourt was rebuilt at the beginning of the 20th century. In the summer palms were now placed in front of the station; these shaped the image of the station until the Second World War.

The station facilities were rebuilt again from was about 1910 until the 1920s. In particular, the tracks were raised south of the station (which in the southern section involved the relocation of the line to Eichenberg) and the building of an underpass for Groner Chaussee (now Groner Landstrasse), as the railway crossing was congested by the increasing traffic and it has also been decided to build a tram line. The entrance building was rebuilt and given extensions. In the course of this rebuilding, the Garte Valley Railway (Gartetalbahn), a 750mm narrow gauge railway to Duderstadt that had previously ended at the station, was cut back to run to end at its own station about 400 metres further south; this line was closed in 1959.

View from the forecourt

The station was largely destroyed by bombing during the Second World War. The station and the station hall were rebuilt in the postwar period in a simplified form with a redesigned facade. Göttingen was connected to the electrified rail network in 1963. In the 1960s, the station forecourt was rebuilt again and aligned for the requirements of motor traffic. The buses that previously stopped almost directly in front of the station have since operated from a central bus station to the south of the station building and a car parking area was built in front of the station. The first railway to Kassel, the section of the Hanoverian Southern Railway that ran via Dransfeld, was closed in May 1980.

During the construction of the high-speed line a western entrance was built.
Plastic moulded head of a young man; detail on the facade of the station building
Information panel for renovation: "Completion: 31 December 2010"
photo from September 2011

During the construction of the Hanover–Würzburg high-speed railway between 1984 and 1989, the station was extensively remodelled. It was extended to the west to a new platform serving tracks 10 and 11, the previous platform C (serving tracks 8 and 9) was demolished and rebuilt in the style of the new platform adjacent. Several buildings of the former workshop were demolished to build a new western entrance, including a passenger train servicing facility, which was re-erected elsewhere.[3] The 400 m long platform C went into operation at the winter 1988/89 timetable change.[4]

In 1981, it had been planned that the new line would have three tracks through the station area: apart from the two main tracks of the new line (the southern edge of platform C and the northern edge of platform D) it would have a track overtaking passenger trains (the southern edge of platform D).[5] The original platform C was only used by services running to Bodenfelde.

The first plans for the new line in Lower Saxony, submitted in 1971, provided for a route though the Weser Uplands via Holzminden. After protests in the state and various studies and reports, the current route via Göttingen was adopted in 1976.[6] The first of the two platforms for the new line was completed in September 1987.[7] A total of 4.0 km of the tracks were adapted in the western part of the station area. The station area was a separate zoning section of the new line (no. 3.8 from km 98.750 to 101.000). The regional planning process in this area was completed on 30 September 1977.[8]

Trains can run on the tracks of the new lines through the station at up to 120 km/h,[5] the subsequent curve past the marshalling yard can be run at 200 km/h. The cruising speed through the station was chosen because all the passenger trains would stop in Göttingen anyway and this speed was considered sufficient for freight trains.[8]

With a total of 172 scheduled long-distance services arrivals and departures per day, the station held 18th place in the Deutsche Bundesbahn network in the timetable for summer 1989.[9]

The station forecourt was rebuilt in the 1990s. On the street outside the station there is a bus station along with a pergola. To accommodate the growing number of parked bicycles, a bicycle parking station was opened next to the station building. Nevertheless, the forecourt is still crammed with bikes.

The station was renovated in three stages for Expo 2000 in Hanover in the late 1990s. First began the extension of the subway tunnel in the area of the old platforms A and B (tracks 4/5 and 6/7) and the provision of additional space for retail in this tunnel. The old platforms were also redeveloped, with the focus on the entrance area with a partially glazed roof. The newly built platform lifts were boarded up for months due to the lack of a Federal Railway Authority (Eisenbahn-Bundesamt) approval. In the third phase of the rebuilding, the part of the station building next to the tracks were rebuilt with toilets and luggage lockers. Simultaneously, the three through tracks between the station building and platform A were reduced to one track.

The extensive renovation work was completed at the end of 2006 in the last phase, which included the complete renovation of the station entrance hall. The new shopping area was occupied by, among other things, a branch of a fast-food chain. The €13.8 million renovation was completed in late March 2007.[10]

As part of the economic stimulus program, the entrance building was renovated to reduce energy use by DB Station&Service in 2010/2011.[11] In the autumn of 2012, the bicycle parking facilities were completely renewed and considerably expanded.[12] It is still planned to renew the dynamic passenger information systems to improve the quality of information on city buses and regional trains.[13]

Train service[edit]

View from the new platform C of the lower platform B and A
Cycles in the station forecourt

The station is served by the following services (as of 2014):

Long-distance[edit]

Line Route Frequency
ICE 11 Berlin OstbahnhofHildesheimGöttingenKassel WilhelmshöheFrankfurt am MainMannheimStuttgartUlmAugsburgMunich Every 2 hours
ICE 12 Berlin Ostbahnhof – Hildesheim – Göttingen – Kassel Wilhelmshöhe – Frankfurt am Main – Mannheim – FreiburgBasel Badischer BahnhofBasel SBB Every 2 hours
ICE 20 (Kiel) – HamburgHannoverGöttingen – Kassel Wilhelmshöhe – Frankfurt am Main – Mannheim – Karlsruhe – Freiburg – Basel Badischer Bahnhof – Basel SBB (– ZürichInterlaken Ost) Every 2 hours
ICE 22 (Kiel) – Hamburg – Hannover – Göttingen – Kassel Wilhelmshöhe – Frankfurt am Main – Frankfurt Airport – Mannheim (– Heidelberg) – Stuttgart Every 2 hours
ICE 25 (Lübeck) – Hamburg – Hannover – Göttingen – Kassel Wilhelmshöhe – FuldaWürzburgNurembergIngolstadt or Donauwörth – Augsburg – Munich (– Garmisch-Partenkirchen) Hourly
IC 26 (Ostseebad Binz) – StralsundRostock – Hamburg – Hannover – Göttingen – Kassel Wilhelmshöhe – Gießen – Frankfurt am Main – Heidelberg – Karlsruhe Every 2 hours
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
ICE 11
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 12
towards Zurich Hbf
ICE 20
towards Basel SBB
ICE 22
towards Stuttgart Hbf
ICE 25
towards Munich Hbf
IC 26
Stralsund-Karlsruhe
towards Karlsruhe Hbf

Regional services[edit]

Service type Operator Route Frequency Railway
RE DB Regio GöttingenLeinefeldeGothaErfurtJena WestGeraGößnitz – WerdauZwickau Every 2 hours Bebra–Göttingen railway
ME Metronom Eisenbahngesellschaft GöttingenNortheimKreiensenAlfeld (Leine)ElzeHannover – CelleUelzen Hourly Hanoverian Southern Railway
CAN Cantus Verkehrsgesellschaft GöttingenEichenbergWitzenhausenHann. MündenKassel stündlich Halle–Kassel railway
CAN Cantus Verkehrsgesellschaft Göttingen – Eichenberg – EschwegeBebra (– Bad HersfeldFulda) stündlich (zweistündlich) Bebra–Göttingen railway
RB DB Regio GöttingenNörten-Hardenberg – Northeim – KatlenburgWulftenHattorfHerzberg – Barbis – Bad SachsaWalkenriedEllrichNiedersachswerfenNordhausen Every 2 hours South Harz Railway
NWB NordWestBahn GöttingenLenglernAdelebsenBodenfeldeBad KarlshafenLauenfördeOttbergen Every 2 hours (with extra services in the peak) Göttingen–Bodenfelde railway
RB DB Regio Göttingen – Northeim – Kreiensen – Seesen – Langelsheim – Goslar – Bad Harzburg Every 2 hours
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
Terminus RE 1
toward Glauchau
toward Nordhausen
RB Terminus
toward Bad Harzburg
RB Terminus
Preceding station   Metronom Eisenbahngesellschaft   Following station
toward Uelzen
RE Terminus
Preceding station   Cantus Verkehrsgesellschaft   Following station
Terminus RB
toward Kassel Hbf
Terminus RB
toward Bebra
Preceding station   NordWestBahn   Following station
toward Ottbergen
RB 85
Oberweser-Bahn
Terminus

Locomotive shed[edit]

On the opposite side of the station, this historical industrial monument now accommodates a large multiplex cinema and multipurpose hall for conferences and events with 5,400 m ² of meeting space and 3,000 m ² of lobby area. A locomotive overhaul centre was set up here in 1855. The continuation of the route from Hannoversch Munden over the Dransfelder Incline required stronger locomotives for the steep gradients: these were stored and repaired in the Göttingen works. The buildings of the locomotive depot date from 1917. After 1976 the works were closed, the area lay vacant for two decades and although listed in 1981 by the Niedersächsische Institut für Baudenkmalpflege at first no profitable re-use was adopted. In 1993 plans for re-use led to the multiplex cinema opening in the northern part of the plant in 1996, the meeting hall in the southern end opened in December 1998.

Gartetalbahn[edit]

Between 1897 and 1959 somewhat southeast of Göttingen Station was a station of 750 mm narrow-gauge railway, the Gartetalbahn to Rittmarshausen and Duderstadt.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Stationspreisliste 2014" [Station price list 2014] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Peter Schurmann (2002). Ernst Böhme, ed. Göttingen – Geschichte einer Universitätsstadt. (in German) 2. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. p. 130. ISBN 3-525-36197-1. 
  3. ^ Hans-Joachim Gnest, Peter Leiste. "Neubaustrecke Hannover–Würzburg: Inbetriebnahme zwischen Nörten-Hardenberg und Göttingen.". Die Bundesbahn (in German) 10 (Yearbook 1990): 941–944. 
  4. ^ "Jahresrückblick 1988". Die Bundesbahn (in German) 65 (1): 61. 1989. ISSN 0007-5876. 
  5. ^ a b Norbert Klein, Peter Leiste (1981). "Stand der Planungs- und Bauarbeiten im Abschnitt Edesheim–Göttingen der Neubaustrecke Hannover–Würzburg". Die Bundesbahn (in German) 57 (10): 789–794. ISSN 0007-5876. 
  6. ^ Walter Engels, Peter Nußberger, Helmut Weber (1987). "Planung und Realisierung der Neubaustrecke Hannover–Würzburg". In Knut Reimers, Wilhelm Linkerhägner. Wege in die Zukunft. Neubau- und Ausbaustrecken der DB (in German). Darmstadt: Hestra Verlag. pp. 97–104. ISBN 3-7771-0200-8. 
  7. ^ Projektgruppe der NBS Hannover der Bahnbauzentrale (ed.). Neubaustrecke Hannover–Würzburg: Der Abschnitt Northeim – Göttingen (in German). Deutsche Bundesbahn. pp. 30 f.  (Brochure, 44 A4 pages with status of May 1988)
  8. ^ a b Projektgruppe Hannover–Würzburg (Nord), ed. (c. 1979). Neubaustrecke Hannover–Würzburg: Göttingen (in German). Hannover: Deutsche Bundesbahn.  (folding card, 12 pages, A6)
  9. ^ Ralph Seidel (2005). Der Einfluss veränderter Rahmenbedingungen auf Netzgestalt und Frequenzen im Schienenpersonenfernverkehr Deutschlands. Dissertation of the University of Leipzig (in German) (Leipzig). p. 46. 
  10. ^ "Bahnhof Göttingen nach Umbau feierlich eröffnet" (in German). www.bahnfahren.info. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  11. ^ Information on the rehabilitation (German)
  12. ^ "Orion bietet Platz für 1600 Fahrräder". Göttinger Tageblatt (in German). 30 July 2012. 
  13. ^ Ulrich Schubert (21 August 2013). Verlagsgesellschaft Madsack GmbH & Co. KG, ed. "Göttingen hat "Bahnhof des Jahres 2013" - Das sagt die Jury". Göttinger Tageblatt (in German). 

References[edit]

  • Jens-Uwe Brinkmann (1998). Auf Schienen durch die Zeit. Der Göttinger Bahnhof von der Hannoverschen Südbahn bis zum Ende des Dampfzeitalters (in German). Göttingen. ISBN 3-929181-42-8. 
  • Günther Siedbürger (1995). Auf Schienen durch die Zeit. Der Göttinger Bahnhof von der Hannoverschen Südbahn bis zum Ende des Dampfzeitalters (in German). Göttingen. ISBN 3-926920-14-9. 

External links[edit]