Gørlev

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The church at Gørlev.

Gørlev is a town with a population of 2,433 (1 January 2014)[1] on the west coast of the island of Zealand (Sjælland) in Denmark, belonging to Kalundborg Municipality in Region Sjælland. To the west are Musholm (Mosses Island) Bay (Musholm Bugt), the Great Belt (Storebælt)— the strait which separates Zealand from the island of Funen), and Jammerland Bay (Jammerland Bugt).

Attractions[edit]

From the Stone Age passage grave of Rævehøj near Gørlev.

The countryside around Gørlev is as Kalundborg Municipality in general home to a number of interesting prehistoric sites, including Stone Age passage graves and various Bronze Age mounds. The passage grave of Rævehøj (English: Fox-hill) near the hamlet of Dalby, is known for its rare rock carvings.[2] As many other stone age constructions, it was also used throughout the Bronze Age as well.

In Gørlev Church's entryway are two Viking Age runestones, the Gørlev Stones (Gørlevstenene), that show the entire rune alphabet, the younger futhark. The first runestone is dated to the early 800s,[3] and was found on the spot in May 1921 by a bricklayer working at the church. The second runestone is dated to ca. 1000, and was found in 1965 under the church tower.[4] The only runestones in Denmark more significant than these are the Jelling stones, erected by King Harold Bluetooth ca. 965 in the town of Jelling, the old Viking capital of Scandinavia.

The nearby marshlands of Maglemose, also known as Mullerup Marsh (Mullerup Mose) is a large wetland area, which includes the lake of Tissø. Here archeaological evidence of international importance, was excavated in the years 1900 and 1902, revealing and defining the Mullerup or Maglemosian Culture that roamed Northern Europe in the Mesolithic Stone Age. They used Maglemose and the surrounding area as a summer camp for hunting and fishing. Maglemose is the oldest site of this type in the Nordic countries, and the findings bettered the understanding of the Nordic Stone Age cultures and Denmark's earliest history in particular. Two memorials commemorate the discovery site.

Other attractions include Svella's Mill (Svellas Mølle), a restored windmill built in 1870 and one of Denmark's smallest mills; the agriculture museum Fløjgården; Reersø Museum; and the Old Movie House (Den Gamle Biograf), the municipality's culture center.

Gørlev municipality[edit]

Until 1 January 2007 Gørlev was also a municipality (Danish, kommune) in West Zealand County. The municipality covered an area of 92,06 km², and had a total population of 6,556 (2005). Its last mayor was Jørgen Arnam-Olsen, a member of the Venstre (Liberal Party) political party.

Gørlev municipality ceased to exist as the result of Kommunalreformen ("The Municipality Reform" of 2007). It was merged with existing Bjergsted, Hvidebæk, Høng, and Kalundborg municipalities to form the new Kalundborg municipality. This created a municipality with an area of 598 km² and a total population of 48,697 (2005).

References[edit]

  1. ^ BEF44: population 1st January, by urban areas database from Statistics Denmark
  2. ^ Rævehøj Danish Agency for Culture (Danish)
  3. ^ "Gørlev-sten 1". Danske Runeindskrifter. Danish National Museum. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "Gørlev-sten 2". Danske Runeindskrifter. Danish National Museum. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°32′N 11°14′E / 55.533°N 11.233°E / 55.533; 11.233