Gülçiçek Hatun

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gülçiçek Hatun
Born Maria
c. 1335
Died Bursa, the Ottoman Empire
Resting place
Bursa
Residence Bursa
Ethnicity Greek or Turkish
Known for Valide Sultan
Religion Islam
Spouse(s) Murad I
Children Bayezid I
Yahşi Bey

Gülçiçek Hatun (Ottoman Turkish: گلچیچک خاتون; Greek: Γκιουλτσιτσέκ Χατούν, Gülçiçek meaning Rose blossom) was the first wife of Ottoman Sultan Murad I and Valide Sultan to their son Bayezid I.[1]

The husband of "Gül-Çiçek Khātûn", Ottoman Sultan Murad I.
The son of "Gül-Çiçek Khātûn", Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I.

Biography[edit]

According to a tradition Gülçiçek was the consort of Aclan Bey, one of the princes of Anatolian Muslim principality of Karasids. She was captured when Orhan conquered the principality (c. 1344) and placed in the royal harem. Some years later, when Orhan's son Murad had reached adulthood, an attempt was made to marry Gülçiçek, but she refused several names suggested to her, until Murad suggested himself. She married Murad I in 1359. There is a support for this story, or part of it at least, in the fact that the endowment deed for a dervish monastery.[2]

She gave birth to two sons, Bayezid I and Yahşi Bey. In her lifetime she established a religious and charitable foundation which demonstrated her Muslim piety publicly. With its revenues she built a mosque and a tomb in Bursa where she was buried.[3][4]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sultan Yıldırım Beyezid Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. [dead link]
  2. ^ Leslie P. Peirce (1993). "Wives and Concubines: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries". The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire. Oxford University Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-195-08677-5. 
  3. ^ The Nature of the Early Ottoman State, Heath W. Lowry, State University of New York Press (SUNY Press), p. 153
  4. ^ History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Stanford Jay Shaw, Cambridge University Press, p. 28