Günther Anhalt

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Günther Otto Friedrich Anhalt
Born 23 January 1906
Breslau, Germany
Died 27 April 1945 (1945-04-28) (aged 39)
Berlin, Germany
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Flag Schutzstaffel.svg Schutzstaffel
Years of service 1933 - 1945
Rank SS-Standartenführer
Commands held

IV Battalion, LSSAH

III Battalion, 2nd Regiment (Mot), LSSAH

2nd Regiment, Combat Group "von Gottberg"

SS Police Brigade "Anhalt"

Armed Infantry Regiment S (Bulgarian No. 1)

Volunteer Infantry Regiment 87

SS Police Regiment 98
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards

Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Close Combat Clasp
Iron Cross 2nd Class
Iron Cross 1st Class
Anti-Partisan Guerrilla Warfare Badge
Infantry Assault Badge
Gold German Cross (16 June 1944)

Distinguished for actions in the Winter Campaign in Russia 1941-42

Günther Anhalt (23 January 1906 – 27 April 1945) was a high-ranking German officer in the Waffen-SS (military wing of the Schutzstaffel) during World War II.

Military career[edit]

Early career[edit]

Anhalt was born as Günther Otto Friedrich Anhalt[1] in Breslau (Wrocław), Prussian Silesia on 23 January 1906. He joined the Nazi Party (NSDAP) on July 1, 1932, and in 1933 he was one of the first soldiers to join the SS Stabswache "Berlin", 240 hand-picked men forming a bodyguard division for the NSDAP. He was sent to Jüterbog for three months of military training on 27 July 1934, and was assigned to the 2nd Training Company under SS-Hauptsturmführer Sator. On 17 October 1934, he was promoted to SS-Hauptscharführer of the 7th Company of the newly renamed Leibstandarte SS "Adolf Hitler" (LSSAH).

Anhalt was promoted to SS-Untersturmführer on 10 April 1935, and to SS-Obersturmführer on 9 November 1936, becoming acting commander of the 7th Company. On 22 May 1939, the 7th Company was the military honor guard for the meeting of Italy's Count Ciano and Germany's foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop in Berlin for the signing of the German-Italian friendship and alliance pact, the Pact of Steel.

World War II[edit]

On 28 August 1939, Anhalt became a platoon leader of the 5th Company of the LSSAH, under battalion commander Wilhelm Mohnke. Anhalt went to war against Poland with this company, where he was wounded, together with his commander Mohnke, on September 7, 1939.

His next promotion came on 30 January 1940, when he was promoted to SS-Hauptsturmführer, and on 10 May 1940, Anhalt took command of the 6th Company, II Battalion of the LSSAH. During this time, 12 members of the bataillon were involved in the Wormhoudt massacre, a war crime in which eighty British POW's were killed in retaliation for the supposed death of Sepp Dietrich. Involvement of his unit or himself is not documented. On 6 April 1941, he was given command of the 1st Engineer Company of the LSSAH.

On 9 July 1941, Anhalt took over the IV Battalion of the LSSAH after the invasion of Russia, and was then promoted again on September 1, 1941 to SS-Sturmbannführer. On July 5, 1942, the LSSAH was transformed into a motorized division, and Anhalt was given command of the III Battalion of the 2nd LSSAH Infantry Regiment (Motorized).

According to Simon Wisenthal Center[2] late summer 1943 he served as an officer in the 2nd SS - Police Regiment at the time when it exterminated the Ghetto of Glebokie in Belarus on August 20, 1943, where 3,000 Jews were murdered. He also participated in many so called “anti Partisan operations” in Belarus in 1943 and 1944 as commander of this unit.

Anhalt was next transferred to the SS Military Police and promoted to SS-Obersturmbannführer on November 22, 1943. He took command of the 2nd Regiment, "Combat Group von Gottberg." On July 1, 1944 Anhalt was transferred and promoted to SS-Standartenführer, the highest possible field officer rank, becoming the commander of the SS Police Brigade "Anhalt". For his distinguished part in the fighting on the Russian Front, Anhalt received the Knight's Cross on August 12, 1944.

Final Days[edit]

On November 13, 1944, Anhalt took command of the SS Armed Infantry Regiment S (Bulgarian No. 1), to become the highest-ranking member of the SS Military Police, then was promoted on January 26, 1945, to take command of the SS Volunteer Infantry Regiment 87. In March 1945, he took command of SS Police Regiment 98, which fought in the Battle of Berlin, where he was killed on 27 April 1945.

References[edit]

  • Krätschmer, Ernst-Günther (1999). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Waffen-SS [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Waffen-SS]. Coburg, Germany: Nation Europa Verlag. ISBN 978-3-920677-43-9. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  1. ^ www.ritterkreuztraeger-1939-45.de
  2. ^ http://www.wiesenthal.com/atf/cf/%7B54d385e6-f1b9-4e9f-8e94-890c3e6dd277%7D/LANDSER-FINAL-2.PDF