Güzelyurt, formerly Gelveri, is a town and district of Aksaray Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey, at a distance of 45 km (28 mi) from the city of Aksaray. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 16,836 of which 3,775 live in the town of Güzelyurt. [3 ] The district covers an area of 322 km [4 ] 2 (124 sq mi), and the average elevation is 1,485 m (4,872 ft). [5 ]
This is an area of great natural beauty and historical importance, part of the ancient region of
Cappadocia, near the much-visited Ihlara Valley.
History [ edit ]
Cappadocia has an important place in the history of Christianity and
Gregory of Nazianzus lived in the area. A historically large Greek population existed in the area until the 1924 population exchange (see Cappadocian Greeks), when they were replaced with the Turks from Thessaloniki and Kavala.
Places of interest [ edit ]
Güzelyurt is known for having three underground cities and over 50 churches carved into the rocky volcanic landscape including:
Ihlara Valley Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi"
Fairy Chimneys, "Peri Bacaları"
Antique Greek houses
St. Anargiros Church, "Sivişli Kilise"
Cathedral of Selime
The rock monastery of Selime, one of the largest religious buildings in
Cappadocia. Red Church, "Kızıl Kilise" - a 5th or 6th century church in the village of Sivrihisar
Analipsis Church, "Yüksek Kilise" (High Church) on the hill of Analipsis. Stone age relics have been found nearby.
St. Gregorius Church, "Kilise Cami" - another rock-hewn church, in use today as a mosque
St. Spyridon Church, "Kızıl Kilise" - another red church in the vicinity of Güzelyurt.
Other places of interest include...
The tomb of Selime Sultan in the village of Selime.
Linseed House, "Bezirhane" in the village of Belisırma.
Ziga thermal springs, "Ziga kaplıcaları" is located in the village of Yaprakhisar very close to Ihlara Valley.
A recently discovered underground city is situated in Gaziemir village of Güzelyurt.
Image gallery [ edit ]
A church in Ihlara Valley
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
Coordinates: 38°16′38″N 34°22′19″E / 38.27722°N 34.37194°E