Gōtarō Ogawa

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Gōtarō Ogawa
小川郷太郎
Goutaro ogawa.jpg
Born (1876-06-09)June 9, 1876
Satoshō, Okayama, Japan
Died April 1, 1945(1945-04-01) (aged 68)
East China Sea
Nationality Japanese
Occupation educator, politician, cabinet minister
In this Japanese name, the family name is "Ogawa ".

Gōtarō Ogawa (小川郷太郎 Ogawa Gōtarō ?, 9 June 1876 – 1 April 1945) was economist, educator, politician and cabinet minister in the pre-war Empire of Japan.

Background[edit]

Ogawa was born in Satoshō, Okayama as the son of Murayama Kikuzo, but was adopted into a prominent family of doctors in Okayama. He graduated from Tokyo Imperial University’s Law School in 1903 with honors, from the Department of Political Science, and obtained a post at the Ministry of Finance. However, the following year, he was recruited by Kyoto Imperial University, which had just established a Department of Economics, and was sent to Europe for six years to study public finance in Germany and Austria. On his return, he worked at Kyoto Imperial University as a professor of economics, specializing on the economic effects of war. In 1917, he was awarded a doctorate in law.

Ogawa then entered politics, winning a seat in the House of Representatives of Japan in the 1917 general election, and was subsequently re-elected to the same seat in the Okayama constituency a total of eight times. Initially with the Shinseikai, he later assisted in the formation of the Seiyu Hontō political party, subsequently serving as president of its policy research committee, and joined the Rikken Minseitō when the Seiyu Hontō merged with the Kenseikai.

Ogawa left Kyoto Imperial University in 1924 to accept the post of dean of Takushoku University. In 1929, he served as parliamentary under-secretary for Finance under the Hamaguchi administration.

In 1936, Prime Minister Kōki Hirota asked that Ogawa accept the post of Minister of Commerce and Industry. In this position, he opposed many of the ministry bureaucrats who were pushing towards increased state control over the economy, and forced a number, including Nobusuke Kishi to resign.[1]

In 1940 he served in the second Konoe administration as Railway Minister. After the start of World War II, in 1943, he took charge of the committee of internal affairs of the Taisei Yokusankai. However, later in 1943, he was invited to the nominally independent State of Burma by President Ba Maw as a special advisor on economics and finance. He spent the remainder of the war years in Burma, attempting to set the country on a secure footing through financial consolidation.

On April 1, 1945, while attempting to return to Japan, Ogawa was killed as a passenger on the Awa Maru, which was sunk by the US submarine USS Queenfish (SS-393) in the East China Sea despite its status as a hospital ship under Red Cross protection. In 1968, he was posthumously awarded with the Order of the Rising Sun, 3rd class.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Iguchi, Unfinished Business. Page 28-30
Political offices
Preceded by
Takukichi Kawasaki
Minister of Commerce and Industry
Mar 1936 – Feb 1937
Succeeded by
Takuo Godō
Preceded by
Shōzō Murata
Railway Minister
Sept 1940 – July 1941
Succeeded by
Shōzō Murata