G. M. Dimitrov
Georgi Mihov Dimitrov (Bulgarian: Георги Михов Димитров; 15 April 1903 – 21 November 1972), known as Gemeto (Гемето, "The G. M.") to distinguish him from Georgi Dimitrov Mihaylov, was a Bulgarian politician, a leading figure of the Bulgarian Agrarian National Union in the 1930s and 1940s and an opponent of Nazism and communism alike.
G. M. Dimitrov was born in the Eastern Thracian village of Eni Chiflik by the Sea of Marmara (then part of the Ottoman vilayet of Edirne, today Yeniçiftlik in Tekirdağ Province, Turkey) on 15 April 1903 to a Bulgarian family. His family, along with practically all Bulgarians of Eastern Thrace, was forced to move to Bulgaria in 1913 after the Balkan Wars, and settled in the village of Doyrentsi in Lovech Province.
In 1922, he became a member of the Bulgarian Agrarian National Union (BANU), a party devoted to representing the causes of the Bulgarian peasantry. In 1923, he organized a peasant revolt in the Lovech region to counter the coup d'état of 1923. He was imprisoned and may have been sentenced to death had it not been for his young age. After the St Nedelya Church assault in 1925, he was arrested again along with other opposition figures.
He graduated in medicine from the University of Zagreb in 1929 and quickly engaged in politics upon settling in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. He was part of the Board of Managers of BANU "Aleksandar Stamboliyski" in 1932–1933 and the Standing Committee of the united BANU ("Aleksandar Stamboliyski" and "Vrabcha 1"). In the wake of the coup d'état of 1934 he was in opposition to the monarchist regime and semi-legally headed BANU "Aleksandar Stamboliyski".
In 1941, G. M. Dimitrov organized a large-scale campaign against Bulgaria's imminent alignment with the Axis Powers of World War II. As his campaign failed, he was forced to go underground and promptly leave the country. Between 1941 and 1944 G. M. Dimitrov headed the pro-United Kingdom union of Bulgarian émigrés Bulgarian National Committee, headquartered in Cairo, and the illegal pro-Allies radio station Free and Independent Bulgaria. After the coup d'état of 1944, G. M. Dimitrov returned to Bulgaria and became the leader of BANU. Due to his anti-Fatherland Front activities he was deprived of his leadership and expelled from the party. Thanks to the intervention of the United States ambassador, Dimitrov was saved from death: his fellow leader of the party Nikola Petkov was executed by the Bulgarian Communist Party after a mock trial in 1947.
In May 1945, G. M. Dimitrov left the country; two years later, he founded the Agrarian Committee or Green Front, an anti-communist union of Eastern European émigrés in the West. He also headed the Bulgarian National Committee, a strictly Bulgarian organization with similar goals. In 1951, he assisted the foundation of the first Bulgarian NATO company, the Bulgarian Volunteer Company 4093, that consisted of 200 émigrés.
- Янева, "Гемето ни вкарва в НАТО преди 52 г."
- "Bulgarian volunteer company in NATO (1951–1964)". Bulgaria: a loyal partner and prospective member of NATO. Institute for Regional and International Studies. pp. 373–378.
- Бакалов, Георги; Милен Куманов (2003). "ДИМИТРОВ , Георги Михов (Гемето) (15.IV.1903-28.XI.1972)". Електронно издание "История на България" (in Bulgarian). София: Труд, Сирма. ISBN 954528613X.
- Янева, Елена (2003-11-30). "Гемето ни вкарва в НАТО преди 52 г." (in Bulgarian). Стандарт. Retrieved 2008-09-27.