G. M. Durrani

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Ghulam Mustafa Durrani
درانى مصطفى غلام
ग़ुलाम मुस्तफ़ा दुर्रानी
Native name دراني مصطفی غلام
Also known as GMD, Durrani Ji, Durrani Sahab, G.M. Sahab
Born 1919
Peshawar, British India
Origin India
Died 8 September 1988
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Genres Bhajan, Filmi Devotional songs, Ghazal, Qawwali, Playback singing, Classical music, Patriotic song
Occupation(s) Singer, Music director, Composer, Actor, Radio Drama Artist
Instruments Vocalist, Harmonium, Tanpura
Years active 1935–1977

Ghulam Mustafa Durrani or G. M. Durrani (1919 – 8 September 1988) (Hindi: ग़ुलाम मुस्तफ़ा दुर्रानी, Urdu: درانى مصطفى غلام‎, Pashto: دراني مصطفی غلام‎, Punjabi: ਗੁਲਾਮ ਮੁਸਤਫਾ ਦੁੱਰਾਨੀ) was a popular and legendary[1] Indian playback singer, Actor and Music Director. To his credit, He tried to make his own identity as a playback singer and not try to follow the K. L. Saigal type of singing. G M Durrani was notable for Sad songs, Romantic songs, Patriotic songs, Quran Khani, Qawwalis, Ghazals and Bhajans. He was also one of the first Muslim singers to get to sing Hindu Devotionals.[2]

G. M. Durrani was also the most senior Punjabi singer-actor at that time after K. L. Saigal. He was Radio Drama Artist and full-time Singer of Lahore station, Delhi station and Mumbai station of AIR (Akashvani (radio broadcaster)). His native language was Pashto but he had a strong command over Hindi, Urdu and Punjabi. He sang in many Indian languages including Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi and Pashto language in Indian movies in the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s. After the 50s Durrani sang very few songs.

Contents

Early life[edit]

Ghulam Mustafa Durrani was born in Peshawar in 1919. He was a Pathan and belonged to the Mohammad Zahid Durrani Kabila. His was from a conservative family where even tea was not taken. Milk and lassi were the drinks of choice. When he used to go to those shops and some songs used to be heard, he used to hum along with them. Everyone used to say this boy should go to Bombay (Mumbai) as his voice was very good. The thought of becoming an actor entered his mind as well. He soon ran out of money to make ends meet.

Family[edit]

His mother was expired when he was very young. Father was educated and of artistic mind but very strict, and the only ally at the home was his loving grand-mother. But she could also not protect him from his father’s anger.[3]

Marriage[edit]

The famous actress Jyoti who sang with him was impressed by the handsome pathan (G. M. Durrani) with the wonderful voice. Her real name was Sitara Begum. They fell in love and both got married soon. Jyoti was the younger sister of actress Wahidan who acted in many movies including Alibaba. Wahidan's daughter Nimmi was to become a big actress in the 1950s too.[4]

Career[edit]

In Peshawar[edit]

The last job Durrani did in Peshawar was of at a painter’s shop where an artist always used to hum the tunes of the songs composed by Rafique Ghaznavi. He also started imitating those songs and got appreciation from the colleagues which inspired him. Durrani started practising Rafique Ghaznavi’s songs and assumed him as his master. During this time, his father took him to another job at his uncle’s motor-part shop. But the artist within didn’t stayed long there and Durrani ran away from the home to Lahore with only 22 rupees in his pocket.

In Lahore[edit]

In Lahore, Durrani did odd jobs along with singing on radio. This brought him fame and passion for radio singing which took him to Delhi first then to Bombay. He came to Bombay (now Mumbai) on 14 April 1935. In Mumbai, he got somehow job at Mumbai Radio Station and from here he got recognition. Filmwallahs started calling him to sing.[3]

In Mumbai[edit]

His singing career started from AIR (Akashvani (radio broadcaster)).[5] Durrani was discovered by film producer Sohrab Modi. Modi gave him his first chance around 1935-36 in the movie Saaed-e-Hawas, a historical under the music director, he classical musician Bundu Khan popularly known as "Taan-Talwar" Bundu Khan. It was a ghazal whose words went something like this

"Mastonko shem farz hai peena Sharab ka, gutti mein meri padh gaya qatara sharab ka"

The English Translation of this Ghazal:-

"The happy-go-lucky people imbibe liquor for euphoria but I drink because my first morsel of food had a drop of liquor in it."[6]

When Durrani came to Bombay playback system was not there and one had to act on screen. He didn't like running around trees and refused to work further. He faced a lot of difficulties and could not return as people would call him a “Kanjar”. Minerva was to close down soon too. He soon joined the Delhi Radio Station.

Durrani was working at the Delhi Radio Station where he got acquainted with poet Behzad Lakhnavi whose many ghazals had been sung by Mallika-e-Ghazal (Queen of Ghazals) Begum Akhtar. He later shifted to the Mumbai Radio Station where he met a big personality at the time, whom he considered one of his ustad, Zulfiqar Ali Bukhari who helped the radio station come up a lot. His salary which was fixed at Rs 40 per month was soon fixed. Here he was working as a Drama Artist. He was soon counted as one of the best drama artist on the radio those days. Over a period of three years his salary had gone upto Rs 70 per month. But fate would soon call him back to films.

Later 1939-40, when the concept of playback singing started he was the first to lend his voice for a film titled Bahurani. The film was made by Sagar Movietone and its music director was Rafique Ghaznavi. Durrani was then working as a full-time Singer in AIR (Akashvani (radio broadcaster)). Those were British days and they were not allowed to do any private recordings. But Ghaznavi insisted. Durrani laid down some conditions, like; the recording should be fixed on a Sunday night so that no outsiders would be allowed to enter the studio. Secondly, he said that his name shouldn't appear in credit titles or on discs. The song was a duet with Miss Rose, an Anglo-Indian, who didn't have much experience as a singer. He was paid Rs.75 for the song as against his salary of Rs.70 a month at AIR (Akashvani (radio broadcaster)). He then chucked up his job on 31 December 1940 and decided to concentrate fully on his film career.[2]

Thereafter he sang for, among others, noted music directors like Khawaja Khurshid Anwar, Naushad, Shankar Rao Vyas and A. R. Qureshi (Better known as Alla Rakha, Pandit Ravi Shanker's famous tabla accompanist) for films like Mirza Ghalib, Humlog, Magroor, Shama, Namaste, Sabak and scores of others. He became very popular. Many singers started their careers with him and he inspired many others too.[7]

He was the idol of Mohammed Rafi who imitated him in the initial days. Now what could be a better tribute to singer than that, that the symbol of divinity in the Indian Music Industry, Mohammad Rafi, followed him. In fact, in 1944 Rafi recorded what he considered his first Hindi language song for the film Gaon ki Gori (1944) for Shyam Sunder, "aji dil ho kaaboo mein to dildaar ki aisi taisi" with G. M. Durrani and chorus.[8] Similarly, Haye Chorre Ki Jaat Badi Bewafa, a duet with G. M. Durrani, was Lata's first song for composer, Naushad. Geeta Dutt [9]also started her career in her break through movie Do Bhai with the song Aaj Preet Ka Naata toot gaya for S. D. Burman.

Durrani has sung many songs during his career. His output later reduced. According to a story he was influenced not to sing for some time after his Hajj visit and Rafi then helped him get back to singing but by then his career was over. Music composer Khawaja Khurshid Anwar in his first film Kurmai (Punjabi-1941) took Durrani as his assistant and later gave him the film Angoori (1943) as music director.

It is said that many years later someone heard an old man singing in a recording studio for jingles in a corner. When he went to tell the old man what a lovely voice he, was surprised to see it was Durrani who had fallen on hard times.[10]

Popularity[edit]

G. M. Durrani was very famous as Radio Drama Artist of Delhi station and Mumbai station of AIR (Akashvani (radio broadcaster)).

In the period of K. L. Saigal – Surinder, Khan Mastana and G.M. Durrani were also famous. G. M. Durrani was one of the 40s famous playback singers.[3] Durrani tried to make his own identity as a playback singer and not try to follow the K L Sehgal type of singing. G. M. Durrani was a legendary Bollywood playback singer.[5] His singing style was to inspire Rafi and others in the years to come. Later G. M. Durrani became a model to many playback singers who followed then. The soulful renditions of Durrani were to be reminded of by Talat's singing as well.

Mohammed Rafi was influenced most notably, by G. M. Durrani[11] on whose style he based his singing. He sang with his idol in some of the songs such as "Humko Hanste Dekh Zamana Jalta Hai" (Hum Sab Chor Hain, 1956) and "Khabar Kisi Ko Nahiin, Woh Kidhar Dekhte" (Beqasoor, 1950).

The song Neend Hamaari Khwaab Tumhaare Kitne Meethe Kitne Pyaare, that made him a real rage was however composed by Shyam Sundar for his movie Nai Kahani. This song sung most part by G.M. Durrani with some support by child-star Balakram was playing everywhere. When he sang, this song, the listeners went crazy. This timeless melody can never be forgotten by fans of Indian Cinema:-

Nearly 40 years later, when Tata Oil Mills did a program Mortal Men Immortal Melodies to celebrate fifty years of talkies in India, they invited him to re-render the song. Although many had forgotten him, his voice was still great and he got an applause for it.[2]

G.M. Duranni's live performance at Mortal Men Immortal Melodies (1982) can be found at this link:-

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OvrO4qkQ_EM

As an Actor in Films[edit]

  • Mumtaz Mahal [57]-(Director-Ram Daryani)
  • Bhola Shikaar [58]-(Director-Akkoo)
  • Hum Log
  • Aasman
  • Yaad
  • Ardhangini
  • State Express
  • Qismat Palat Ke Dekh
  • Baharen Phir Bhi Aayengi
  • Jawab Aayega
  • Kaise Kahun
  • Zamana Badal Gaya
  • Baghi Haseena
  • Krishna Bhakti
  • Pran Jaye Par Vachan Na Jaye
  • Lal Patthar
  • Love & God
  • Besharam, etc.

Singing in Films[edit]

  • Aaj Ki Raat (1948)
  • Aabroo [68]
  • Actor (1951)
  • Aadmi (1958)
  • Akash Pari [58]
  • Aan baan [43]
  • Anand Bhavan [53]
  • awara shahzadi [56]
  • Aiye [49]
  • Akalmand [66]
  • Aparadhi (1949 film)
  • Baghdad [52]
  • Bade Bhaiya
  • badshah salamat [56]
  • Bazaar (1949)
  • Beqasoor [50]
  • Bazooband (1954)
  • Bhai Jaan (1945)
  • Bharat Milap [42]
  • But Taraash (1951)
  • Chand (1944)
  • Chandni Raat [49]
  • Chhed Chhad (1943)
  • Chhoti Si Duniya (1953)
  • Churiyaan (1942)
  • Dada (1949)
  • Darshan (1941)
  • Deedar (1951 film)
  • dil ki basti [49]
  • Diwani [47]
  • Dhoop Chaon [54]
  • do bhai [47
  • Doli (1947)
  • Dolti Naiya (1950)
  • Dukhiyari (1948)
  • Ek Din Ka Sultan [45]
  • Ek Tha Ladka (1951)
  • Ek Thi Ladki
  • Ek Roz (1947)
  • Ek-Do-Teen-[53]
  • Gaon Ki Gori (1945)
  • geet govind [47]
  • Ghar Ki Izzat [48]
  • ghayal [51]
  • Gokul (1946)
  • Gumashta
  • Hamaari Shaan
  • Hanste Aansoo (1950)
  • heer ranjha [48]
  • hip hip hurray [48]
  • Hum Log [51]
  • Hum Sab Chor Hain [56]
  • Ishara
  • Izzat [52]
  • Jalte Deep (1950)
  • Jeevan Taara [51]
  • jwalamukhi [unreleased]
  • Kaale Baadal (1950)
  • Kavita (1944)
  • Kaneez[49]
  • Khel (1950)
  • Khashboo-1954
  • Koshish
  • Kurmai [41]
  • Kuldeep (1946)
  • Laadla (1954)
  • Laaj [46]
  • Lakeeren (1954)
  • Lalkaar (1944)
  • Lal Patthar (1971)
  • Lara Lappa (Punjabi)
  • Madhubala (1950)
  • Magroor [50]
  • Maang (1950)
  • Meharbani (1950)
  • man ka meet [50]
  • Mirza Sahiban [47]
  • Musafir Khana[55]
  • Nai Duniya (1942)
  • Nai Kahani [43]
  • Namaste [43]
  • Nargis [46]
  • Naqab Posh [56]
  • nazare [49]
  • neelampari [52]
  • Nili (1950)
  • nirmal [52]
  • pehli shaadi [53]
  • patal bhairvi [52]
  • Pehle Aap (1944)
  • Pyar Ki Baten-[51]
  • Ramayan (1954 film)
  • Romeo And Juliet (1947)
  • Samrat Chandragupt [45]
  • sansar [51]
  • Sassi Punnu (1946)
  • Shair
  • Shama [46]
  • Sharda (1942)
  • sheikh chilli [56]
  • Shikar (1955)
  • Sohni Mahiwal (1946 film)
  • Station Master
  • Sunehre Din (1949)
  • Sunehre Qadam [66]
  • usha kiran [52]
  • Veer Arjun (1952)
  • Vikramaditya (film) [45]
  • Yateem (1945)
  • Zara Bachke, etc.

As Music Director[edit]

The legendary Filmmaker, Writer, Director and Music composer Khawaja Khurshid Anwar took G. M. Durrani in his first film Kurmai (Punjabi-1941) as his assistant.[12]

G. M. Durrani composed the songs in these films:

As a Singer[edit]

Songs for Film Actors and Heroes[edit]

Durrani's voice were picturised on heroes like:[3]

Songs with Music Directors[edit]

Songs for Lyricist[edit]

Durrani sang for noted Lyricist like:

  • Aziz Kashmiri
  • Buddhi Chandra
  • DN Madhok
  • Prem Dhawan
  • Qamar Jalalabadi
  • Wali Sahab, etc.

His Few Songs[edit]

Solo Songs[edit]

  • Falak Ke Chand Ka Hamne Jawab Dekh Liya-Ek Din Ka Sultan [45] (Md-Shanti Kumar)
  • Kisi Ke Kooche Mein Gardan Kataane Jaate Hain-Ek Din Ka Sultan (Md-Rafiq Ghaznavi)
  • Itni Si Kahani Hai-Aiye [49] (Md-Nashad)
  • Jigar Ke Tukde Hain Dil Ke Tukde-Aiye (Md-Nashad)
  • Zindagani Ka Maza Shadi Mein Hain-Aparadhi (1949 film) (Md-Suresh Phadke)
  • Ye To Bata Mere Khuda-Nargis (1946)
  • Aye Chand Sitaro- Kuldeep (1946)[15]
  • It Jaaye Ut Jaaye Nazariya Doley Ri- Sharda (1942)
  • Duniya Mein Sab Jodey Jodey- Sharda (1942)
  • Balahaari Re Kukadakun Bol- Sharda (1942)
  • Khel Nahi Gir Gir Ke Sambhalna - Doli (1947)
  • Is Toote Huye Dil Ka - Chhoti Si Duniya (1953)
  • Pee Kahaan Pee Kahaan - Chhed Chhad (1943)
  • Aye Dil Mujhe Rone De - Chand (1944)
  • Ab Kaun Hai Is Tute Hue Dil Ka - But Taraash (1951)
  • Pee Aaye Aakar Chal Bhi Diye - Bazaar (1949)
  • Kisi Bedard Ne Aisa Jalaya - Kaale Baadal (1950)
  • Hame kya hame kya - Nai Kahani (1943)
  • Samjhe The Jise Apna - Chand (1944)
  • Tumhe Sitaro Ne - Romeo And Juliet (1947)
  • Toota Hua Dil - Ek Roz (1947)
  • Ek Bewafa Ne - Ek Roz (1947)
  • Pardesi Babu - Darshan (1941)
  • Main Pee Darshan - Darshan (1941)
  • Meri Zindagi Bhi - Dolti Naiya (1950)
  • Nayi Ek Duniya - Jalte Deep (1950)
  • Pyaar Ki Shama - Aaj Ki Raat (1948)
  • Main Kisko Sunau - Maang (1950)
  • Mere Maalik Meri Kismat - Lakeeren (1954)
  • Dil Ke Pat Khol Ke - Pehle Aap (1944)
  • Aa Hosh Mein Deewano - Bhai Jaan (1945)
  • Ye Duniya Hai Bewafai Ki - Madhubala (1950)
  • Kisi Ko Yaad Karta Hai - Madhubala (1950)
  • Nayi Jawani Rut Mastani - Madhubala (1950)
  • Ab Kisko Sunaane Chali - Dukhiyari (1948)
  • Diya Bujhaao Jhatpat Jhatpat - Bazooband (1954)
  • Main Usse Karoon Pyar - Yateem (1945) (Lyricist-Ziya Sarhadi)[16]
  • Hamein Ab Ye Jeena Ghawara - Khel (1950)
  • Apni Mehfil Mein Phir Ik Baar - Khel (1950)

Songs with Other Playback singers[edit]

Most of all the big playback singers of his time sang duets with him like:[17]

Songs with Amirbai Karnataki[edit]

  • Aa Badla Hai Zamanaa-Samrat Chandragupt [45]-(Md-C Ramchandra, Lyrics-Buddhi Chandra)
  • Bolay mann ki maina-Aan baan [43] (Md-Gyan Dutt)
  • Wafayein hamari na tum aazmana-Diwani [47] (Md-Gyan Dutt)

Songs with Asha Bhosle[edit]

  • Maine Jab Se Tumko Dekha Hai-Bade Bhaiya
  • Thumak-Thumak Chali Kaamini-Ek-Do-Teen-[53] (Md-Vinod ER)
  • Wo Hamse Mohabbat Kerte Hain-Pyar Ki Baten-[51] (Md-Khayyam)
  • O Chhup Chhup Ke Sapnon Mein Aata Hai Kaun-Film-Jeevan Taara [51] (Md-Vasant Desai, Lyrics-Prem Dhawan)
  • Unko Rupye Me-Pyar Ki Baten-1951 (Md-Bullo.C.Rani & Khayyam)
  • Udhar chand nikla-Khashboo-1954 (Md-Shankar lal)
  • Nas Nas Mein Meri-Sandesh [52]

Songs with Bhupinder Singh (musician)[edit]

Songs with Faiyaz Mohammed[edit]

  • Rum Pum Pum Pum-Akash Pari [58]

Songs with Geeta Dutt[edit]

  • do bhai [47]-aaj preet ka naata toot gaya [s d burman]
  • geet govind [47]-chamkat damkat damini (Gyan Dutt)-with abha
  • geet govind [47]-viyogan deepshikha si jare (Gyan Dutt) (with rekharani)
  • heer ranjha [48]-kafas ki qaid mein humko [aziz khan]
  • hip hip hurray [48]-hip hip hurray-2,dubeyji ko pakwan mila [hanuman prasad]
  • hip hip hurray [48]-Jawani Hum Guzare (with Shamshad Begum)
  • dil ki basti [49]-yahi hai dil ki basti [Ghulam Mohammed]
  • dil ki basti [49]-kadam hai...nazuk dil hai tod na dena [Ghulam Mohammed]
  • nazare [49]-mere man mein dol [bulo c rani]
  • nazare [49]-milate ho usiko [bulo c rani]
  • nazare [49]-duniya ki andheri raat mein [bulo c rani]-with Shamshad Begum
  • nazare [49]-bahar aayi chaman [bulo c rani]-with Shamshad Begum
  • dilruba [50]-humne khai hai mohabbat mein (Gyan Dutt)
  • jalte deep [50]-nai ek duniya basayenge [sardul kwatra]
  • khel [50]-teri nazaron ne mere seene pe fire kar diya [sajjad]
  • man ka meet [50]-machalta hua yeh dil [sardul kwatra]
  • Deedar (1951 film)-Nazar phero na humse [Shakeel Badayuni]-with Shamshad Begum
  • ghayal [51]-o rani mainawati (Md-Gyan Dutt)-with meena kapoor
  • ghayal [51]-daiya re daiya (Md-Gyan Dutt)-with meena kapoor
  • sansar [51]-lucknow chalo ab rani [Md-parthasarti, e s shashtri, b s kalla]
  • baghdad [52]-dile beqarar kahe baar baar [bulo c rani]
  • baghdad [52]-yeh pyar ki baatein [bulo c rani]-with talat
  • neelampari [52]-jab tak chamke chand (Md-Khawaja Khurshid Anwar)
  • nirmal [52]-tu jo mere pyar ki khichdi pakayega [Md-bulo c rani]
  • patal bhairvi [52]-jaoongi maike jaaongi [ghantsala]
  • usha kiran [52]-jago jago jago bhor suhani [Md-hanuman prasad]-with zohra and asha
  • pehli shaadi [53]-tum haan kah do [Md-robin chatterji]
  • awara shahzadi [56]-hum tum se raazi [Md-jimmy]
  • badshah salamat [56]-dil ke darwaze mein hui khatkhat [Md-bulo c rani]
  • sheikh chilli [56]-madhoshi mein tanhai mein (Md-Vinod ER)
  • akashpari [58]-ho gaye barbad hum acchha hua [Md-inayat ali]
  • akashpari [58]-ho khel nahin dil se voh dil ka lagana [Md-inayat ali]
  • jwalamukhi [unreleased]-tum tana tum tana...balam koi karke bahana, chupke se chod na jana
  • non-film patriotic [50]-vande matram
  • Lakeeren [54]-Aabaad Jahaan Barbaad Kiya


  • Hameeda Bano

Songs with Iqbal Begum[edit]

  • Gote Da Haar Ve-Kurmai (Panjabi) (1941) (with Rajkumari Dubey)[18]

Songs with Kishore Kumar[edit]

  • Hamaari Shaan-Damdi damdi paisa paisa jod jod kar -(with Talat Mahmood), lyrics Anjum Jaipuri, music Chitragupta

Songs with Khan Mastana[edit]

  • Jiya Ka Diya - Sunehre Din (1949) (with Geeta Dutt and Shamshad Begum)
  • Hum Mast Dilo Ko Lekar - Sunehre Din (1949) (with Kalyani Das and Shamshad Begum)

Songs with Lata Mangeshkar[edit]

  • Ek Thi Ladki-Lara Lappa Lara Lappa Laai Rakhda
  • Chandni Raat [49]-Haye Chhore Ki Jaat
  • Shair [49]-Do Bichhade Huye Dil
  • Aiye [49]-Kar Sakega Na Juda Tumko[19] (Md-Nashad)
  • Aiye [49]-Duniya Badal Gayi Ki Muqaddar Bigad Gaya (Md-Nashad)
  • Hum Log [51]-Gaaye chala jaa
  • Anand Bhavan [53]-Hello, hello, Mr. Dil, kaho betaab ho kisliye
  • Aao Baitho Baat Suno - Maang (1950)
  • Aye Sarban Aye Sarban - Caravan (1956)
  • Kya Haal Hai Huzoor Ke Dil Ka - Shikar (1955)

Songs with Mahendra Kapoor[edit]

Songs with Manju Das[edit]

  • Watan Se Chala Hai - Chand (1944)

Songs with Mohammed Rafi[edit]

  • Ek Thi Ladki[49]-Lara Lappa Lara Lappa Laai Rakhda[20]
  • Beqasoor [50]-Khabar kisi ko nahin (with Mukesh) [Anil Biswas]
  • Musafir Khana[55]-Kuchh Aankh Mili[O P Nayyar]
  • Zara Bachke-Aye Ishq Isse Barbad Na Kar[Nashad]
  • Gaon Ki Gori-Aji Dil Ho Kaabu Mein
  • Usey Dhoondh Hi Lenge - Anand Bhawan (1953)
  • Aashikon Ka Kaafila - Sassi Punnu (1946)

Songs with Mukesh Chand Mathur as Mukesh (singer)[edit]

  • Beqasoor-Khabar kisi ko nahin (with Mohd. Rafi)
  • Aise Mein Koi Chham Se - Hanste Aansoo (1950)

Songs with Noor Jehan[edit]

  • Mirza Sahibaan [47]-Haath Seene Pe Jo Rakh Do[21] (super hit song)
  • Mirza Sahibaan [47]-Tum Aankhon Se Door Ho[22] (MD-Pandit Amarnath Husnlal Bhagatram)

Songs with Parol Ghosh[edit]

  • Ambua Pe Panchhi Bawara - Music - Naushad Lyrics- DN Madhok Movie-Namaste (1943)


  • Pushpa Hans

Songs with Rajkumari Dubey[edit]

  • Gote Da Haar Ve-Kurmai (Panjabi) (1941) (with Iqbal Begum)[23]
  • Dheere-Dheere Bol Mere Raja-Ishara (1943) (Khurshid Anwar)(Lyricist-D. N. Madhok)[24]
  • Baras Gayi Raam Badariya Kaari-Station Master (Naushad)
  • Udd Jaau Main Sajan Re- Kavita (1944)
  • O Tujhko Nainon - Meharbani (1950)
  • Prem Ne Mann Mein Aag Lagayi - Nai Duniya (1942)
  • Dil Loot Liya Ji - Nai Duniya (1942)
  • Barasan Laagi Badariya - Nai Duniya (1942)
  • Jhuum rahi baagon men bhigi-Yateem (1945)[25]

Songs with Sandhya Mukhopadhyay[edit]

  • Ishq Me Ho Jao Barbaad-[52] Izzat
  • Tera Jhoomta Shabaab Jaise-[52] Izzat

Songs with Shamshad Begum[edit]

  • Shama [46]-Ek Yaad Kisiki Yaad Rahi (Ghulam Haider (composer))
  • Laaj [46]-Ab Hum Se Juda Mat Hona
  • Ghar Ki Izzat [48]-Taaron Ki Toliyon Ye Kaisa Hai
  • Ghar Ki Izzat [48]-Bahut Betakaluff Huye
  • Kaneez[49]-Tum Kya Jano Mera Mthe Ki Bindiya Ka Mol[26]
  • Deedar (1951 film)-Nazar Phero Na Humse (Naushad)
  • Hum Log [51]-Bogi Bogi Bogi
  • Hum Log [51]-Gaye Chala Ja
  • Dhoop Chaon [54]-Ajeeb Rang Hai
  • Naqab Posh [56]-Ae Mere Majnu Meri (Md-Dhumi Khan)
  • Gumashta-Tera Gora Gora Gaal
  • Lara Lappa (Punjabi)-Mela Do Din Da
  • Lara Lappa (Punjabi)-Akhiyan Wich Akhiyan Rehan De
  • Jawani Hum Guzare - Hip Hip Hurray (1948) (with Geeta Dutt)
  • Hello Sai Hello - Bade Bhaiya (1951)
  • Dhil Die Jaa - Dada (1949)
  • Puraane Chaahne Walon Se - Nazaare (1949)
  • Dekho Ji Kya Sama - Sassi Punnu (1946)
  • Aaj Miya ji Ko - Mirza Sahiban (1947)
  • Ek Din Tumne - Ek Tha Ladka (1951)
  • More Balma - Ek Tha Ladka (1951)
  • Chal Chal Chameli - Dada (1949)

Songs with Sitara Devi[edit]

  • Aabroo [68]-Piya Milan Ki Rut Aayi Hai
  • Aabroo [68]-Gori Baanke Naino Se chalaye Jaadua

Songs with Sudha Malhotra[edit]

  • Nayi Nayi Ye Preet - Aadmi (1958)

Songs with Sulochana Kadam[edit]

  • Actor 1951-Teri Galiyon Main Aayi

Songs with Suraiya[edit]

  • Aaj Ki Raat [48]-Haa Kyun Dil Mein Mere
  • Aaj Ki Raat [48]-Mere Aansuon Meri Hasraton
  • Nili (1950)-Teri Zaalim Nigaahon Ne

Songs with Talat Mahmood[edit]

  • baghdad[52]-yeh pyar ki baatein [bulo c rani]-with Geeta Dutt
  • Hamaari Shaan-Damdi damdi paisa paisa jod jod kar -(with Kishore Kumar), lyrics Anjum Jaipuri, music Chitragupta

Songs with Trilok Kapoor[edit]

  • Jal Tu Jalal Tu - Laadla (1954)

Songs with Uma Devi (Tun Tun)[edit]

  • Mohabat ne Chheda yeh kaisa taraana Rashida Dulhan Md Ghulam Mohd

Songs with Zeenat Begum[edit]

  • Aye Chand Bata Mujhko - Chand (1944)

Songs with Zohrabai Ambalewali[edit]

Famous Songs[edit]

Few of his famous songs are:[3]

  • Nai Kahani [43]-Neend Hamari Khwab Tumhare[27]
  • Namaste [43]-Dil Ke Pat khole ke dekhe
  • Chaand [44]-Ae Dil Mujhe rone De
  • Nargis [46]-Ye to bata mere khuda, lut gaya mera pyar kyun
  • Shama [46]-Ek yaad kisi ki yaad rahi (with Shamshad Begum) (Ghulam Haider (composer))
  • Magroor [50]-Hum to tere dil ke bangle mein aana mangta (with Shamshad Begum)
  • Shair-Do Bichhde huye dil (with Lata Mangeshkar)
  • Hum Log [51]-Gaaye chala jaa (with Lata Mangeshkar)
  • Kurmai (Punjabi) [41]-Dil ainj ainj karda (Lyricist-D. N. Madhok)[28]
  • Mirza Sahiban [47]-Haath seene pe jo rakh do to qarar aa jaye (with Noorjehan)
  • Baghdad [52]-Dil-e beqarar kahe baar baar (with Geeta Dutt)
  • Izzat [52]-Dhoondhta hoon har jagha kahin nahin tera pata
  • Hum Sab Chor Hain [56]-Hum ko hansta dekh zamana jalta hai (with Mohd. Rafi)
  • Sunehre Qadam [66]-Ye ghar aap ka hai (with Sudha Malhotra)

Patriotic Songs[edit]

  • Koshish-Hindustan Waalon Geeta Ke Barq Uthaao (Md-Bashir Dehlvi)
  • Koshish-Ae Hind Ke Sapooton Jaago Hua Savera (Md-Bashir Dehlvi)
  • non-film patriotic [50]-vande matram (with Geeta Dutt)
  • Hum Todenge - Gokul (1946)
  • Watan Se Chala Hai - Chand (1944)
  • Hindustan Ki Khatir - Gaon Ki Gori (1945)

Devotionals Songs[edit]

G. M. Durrani was one of the first Muslim singers to get to sing Hindu Devotionals.[2]

  • Raghukul Reet Sada Chali Aayi-Bharat Milap [42] (Lyricist-Goswami Tulsidas, Md-Shankar Rao Vyas)[29]
  • Jhananan jhananan baaj rahi hai-Bharat Milap [42] (with Amirbai Karnataki) (Lyricist-Goswami Tulsidas, Md-Shankar Rao Vyas)[30]
  • Utho Utho Hey Bharat, Maharaj raam chandra ki jay-Bharat Milap [42] (Lyricist-Goswami Tulsidas, Md-Shankar Rao Vyas)[31]
  • Aan milo morey Shyaam-Namaste [43]
  • Shambho Mahadev Shankar-Vikramaditya (film) [45]
  • Om Jai Jai Shankar-Vikramaditya (film) [45] (with Amirbai Karnataki and Manna Dey)
  • Ram Chale Ram Chale Ban Chale Ram Raghuveer-Ramayan (1954 film)
  • Vasudev Sutam Devam - Veer Arjun (1952)
  • Kaha Hamare Chale - Gokul (1946)

Punjabi Songs[edit]

In 40s and 50s G.M. Durrani was the senior Punjabi singer-actor from Mohammad Rafi. K.L. Saigal died on January 18, 1947. Then G. M. Durrani was the most senior Punjabi singer-actor after K.L. Saigal.[32] Few songs are here:

  • Lara Lappa-Mela Do Din Da (with Shamshad Begum)
  • Lara Lappa-Akhiyan Wich Akhiyan Rehan De (with Shamshad Begum)

Pashto Song[edit]

  • mayin pa ta yam-[40s]

Filmi qawwali[edit]

  • Beqasoor [50]-Khabar kisi ko nahin (with Mukesh and Rafi) [Anil Biswas][33]

Filmi-ghazal[edit]

  • Hazaron khwahishein aisi ki har khwahish pe dam nikale-Ghayal (lyrics Ghalib, Md-Gyan Dutt))

Quran Khani[edit]

  • Quraan Khaani[34] - Film-Lal Patthar (1971), Md-Shankar Jaikishan[35]

Professional controversy with G. M. Durrani & forgiveness[edit]

There was some controversy regarding the professional jealousy in the early 40s about which an article had been published in film Magazine Madhuri in 1985. This is what the interview said which was aptly titled:-

"MAIN APNE ZAMANE KA MOHAMMED RAFI THA"

'Paan ki gilauri jamao yaar!'

'Nahi bhai, meri paan khane ki aadat kaha ?'

'Arey aadat daalo yaar, kabhi kabhi to khaya karo.'

'Nahi yaar, isse gaane mein takleef hoti hain, phir kyo khaaye ? Gaana hi to hamari rozi roti hain!'

'To meri rozi roti kya ghaas kaatna hain ? Lo...' Hafiz Khan ne Ghulam Mustafa ki aur pyar se paan ka beeda badhaya.

'Doston ka hath thukraya nahi karte...'

Aakhir Ghulam Mustafa ne paan ka beeda Hafiz Khan ke haath se lekar muh mein rakh liya; khair, aaj kaha recording thi ? Aur phir dosti ki baat hain, na nahi kah sakte. Muh mein rakhe pan ka ras gale mein aane laga. Tabhi mahsoos huwa jaise paan mein kuchh ajeeb swaad aa raha hain, aisa kyoo ?

Unhone jaldi se thookdaani kheech kar paan thook daala. Hafiz Khan ne poochha, 'Arey, kya huwa yaar ? Thook kyoo diya ?'

'Kuchh nahi' G.M. bole, 'Paan mein shayad tambaku aa gayi thi.'

SAAZISH YA ITTEFAQUE ??

Hafiz Khan kuchh bole nahi. Unka chehra gambhir ho gaya. Thodi der mein wah uth kar chale gaye.

Unke jaane ke baad G. M. Durrani ne thookdaani ko utha kar apni motor mein rakh diya aur Driver se kah kar gaadi ko Fort ki ek laboratory ke paas le chalne ko kaha. Waha unhone thooke gaye pan ka muaaina karwaya to we hairaan rah gaye. Kitna bada haadsa tal gaya, Ya Allah, agar paan thuk na diya hota to gale par hamesha ke liye taala lag jaata.

Paan mein kuchh milaya gaya tha. Wo agar gale mein chala jaata to gala hamesha ke liye seal ho jaata. Hafiz Khan kya baar baar isliye paan khilaane ki zid kar rahe they ?? G.M.Durrani ke saath mukaable mein wah is had tak utar aaye ??

1941 mein ghati aur un dino ke akhbaro mein chhape is waakye ka zikra jab 69 baras ke G. M. Durrani se kiya to unhone ek teekhe ehsaas ke saath muh ghuma liya. Phir bole,

"Nahi Nahi, main kisi ka naam le kar ab usey badnaam nahi karna chahta, lekin ha, yah haadsa huwa zaroor tha ! Aur wah aadmi bhi pandrah satrah saal pahle jannatnasheen ho gaya. Khuda uski rooh ko kaayam jannat bakshe."

Us bhale aadmi ne chahe naam nahi bataya, lekin hamare man ne baat ki thah pa li. Pandrah saal pahle jo guzar gaye the, we the shahad Hafiz Khan urf Khan Mastana.

Hafiz Khan ke paas kaafi flats they, lekin 1972 ke March mein jab unki maut hui to paas mein phooti kaudi tak na nikli. Sharab, gaanja aur charas mein we aise kho gaye ki aakhirkar lakwe ke shikaar ho gaye. Aaj unka ek ladka hain, jo unki Mahim waali kholi mein hi rahta hain. Use bhi shayad lakwa maar gaya hain.

"Wah mera dost tha" Durrani bole. "Uska nasha chhudane ke liye maine lagataar kosish ki, par nakaam raha. Mera makaan bhi us waqt Mahim mein hi tha. Unki maut se aadhe paune ghante pahle main waha se guzar raha tha.

Unhone mujhe aawaaz de kar bulaya "Durrani Bhai, aana to ! Tumse ek ikraar karna hain." Lekin main jaldi mein tha. "Abhi aata hu", kah kar nikal gaya.

Doosre din sabere jaane ki soch hi raha tha, tabhi unke inteqaal ka samachar mila.

One can imagine how popular Durrani was from this incident and also what a nice person he was to be able to forgive.[36]

Short Career[edit]

Manna Dey says on page 190-191 in Memories Come Alive:

"Durrani-ji had a mellifluous voice, but lacked staying power and failed to survive as a singer. To reach the heights of success, it is neccessary to be practical as well and this is where Durrani-ji fell short. I learnt a great deal from his failure. I realized that when a producer spends a fortune on his film, he expects everyone in his team to put in his best effort to make it a success. And putting in one's best meant being ingenious and innovative, qualities without which an artiste is likely to get lost in the wilderness. That, precisely, is what happened to Durrani-ji and I cannot help feeling sorry for the way his career turned out.".[37]

Spirituality & Death[edit]

G. M. Durrani had become spiritually inclined because of which he slowly left the industry. In an interview with Ameen Sayani in 1978, He said that he got bored of the materialistic world (like bungalow, motors, cars and other luxurious items) of Bombay Film Industry and started avoiding the film career and film personalities. He started keeping a beard so nobody would recognise him. He sold his all luxurious items and started giving away money from the bank to various Faqirs. Finally, He shifted to a small house and opened a general merchant shop after taking a loan.

In an interview in 1978 with Ameen Sayani, He had this couplet to say about how he felt about everything:-

Jala Hai Jism Agar Dil Bhi Jal Gaya Hoga

Kuredte Ho Raakh To Justaju Kya Hai?[2]

This interview can be found at this link:-

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5LKSVmzbFdY

He died in Mumbai on 8 September 1988.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.hindilyrics.net/profiles/g.m.-durrani.html
  2. ^ a b c d e http://www.anmolfankaar.com/specials/ek-fankaar/112-g-m-durrani-the-forgotten-great-male-playback-singer-guzare-zamaane-ke-azeem-pratinidhi-gaayak.html
  3. ^ a b c d e f http://cinegems.in/g-m-durrani-biography/
  4. ^ http://www.anmolfankaar.com/specials/ek-fankaar/112-g-m-durrani-the-forgotten-great-male-playback-singer-guzare-zamaane-ke-azeem-pratinidhi-gaayak.html
  5. ^ a b http://www.hindilyrics.net/profiles/g.m.-durrani.html
  6. ^ "G.M. Durrani – Interview". cineplot.com. 
  7. ^ http://www.veethi.com/india-people/g._m._durrani-profile-3529-24.htm
  8. ^ http://www.sangeetmahal.com/hof/singers_rafi.asp
  9. ^ http://www.geetadutt.com/gmdurani.html
  10. ^ http://www.whopopular.com/G-M-Durrani
  11. ^ http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/24th-december-1924-mohammed-rafi-legendary-playback-singer-was-born
  12. ^ http://hindi-films-songs.com/k-anwar-2.html
  13. ^ http://films.hindi-movies-songs.com/k-anwar.html
  14. ^ http://shankarjaikishan.org/g-m-durrani/
  15. ^ http://www.lyricsmasti.net/singers/g-m-durrani.html
  16. ^ http://hindi-films-songs.com/k-anwar-2.html
  17. ^ https://www.lyricsbogie.com/singer/g-m-durrani
  18. ^ http://films.hindi-movies-songs.com/k-anwar.html
  19. ^ http://www.radjesh.com/Lata%20Mangeshkar/Lata_mangeshkar_1949.html
  20. ^ http://www.gomolo.com/celeb/g-m-durrani-and-mohammad-rafi-songs-list/4786/28313
  21. ^ http://www.lyricsious.com/mirza-sahiban-1947.html
  22. ^ http://www.madamnoorjehan.com/her-life-and-art/her-filmography/her-films/110-mirza-sahiban.html
  23. ^ http://films.hindi-movies-songs.com/k-anwar.html
  24. ^ http://hindi-films-songs.com/k-anwar-2.html
  25. ^ http://films.hindi-movies-songs.com/k-anwar.html
  26. ^ http://www.shamshadbegum.com/her-career.html
  27. ^ http://www.giitaayan.com/search.asp?s=G+M+Durrani&browse=singer
  28. ^ http://hindi-films-songs.com/k-anwar-2.html
  29. ^ https://www.lyricsbogie.com/movies/bharat-milap-1942/raghukul-rit.html
  30. ^ https://www.lyricsbogie.com/movies/bharat-milap-1942/jhanananan.html
  31. ^ https://www.lyricsbogie.com/movies/bharat-milap-1942/utho-utho-hey-bharat.html
  32. ^ http://www.apnaorg.com/articles/aujla-9/
  33. ^ http://www.lyricsindia.net/vyakti/478
  34. ^ http://sabsongs.com/t-26781/quran-khani-songs-download.html
  35. ^ http://www.sjmusic.org/music-score/singers/64
  36. ^ http://www.anmolfankaar.com/specials/ek-fankaar/112-g-m-durrani-the-forgotten-great-male-playback-singer-guzare-zamaane-ke-azeem-pratinidhi-gaayak.html
  37. ^ http://www.anmolfankaar.com/specials/ek-fankaar/112-g-m-durrani-the-forgotten-great-male-playback-singer-guzare-zamaane-ke-azeem-pratinidhi-gaayak.html

External links[edit]