Gerald Guralnik

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Gerald Guralnik
GG-Head-Sakurai.jpg
Born (1936-09-17)September 17, 1936
Cedar Falls, Iowa
Died April 26, 2014(2014-04-26) (aged 77)
Providence, Rhode Island
Nationality American
Fields Physics
Institutions
Alma mater
Doctoral advisor Walter Gilbert
Known for
Notable awards

Gerald Stanford "Gerry" Guralnik (/ɡʊˈrælnɪk/; September 17, 1936 – April 26, 2014) was the Chancellor’s Professor of Physics at Brown University. He co-discovered the Higgs mechanism and Higgs boson with C. R. Hagen and Tom Kibble(GHK).[1][2][3][4][5][6] As part of Physical Review Letters 50th anniversary celebration, the journal recognized this discovery as one of the milestone papers in PRL history.[7] While widely considered to have authorerd the most complete of the early papers on the Higgs theory, GHK were controversially not included in the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics.[8][9][10]

In 2010, Guralnik was awarded The American Physical Society's J. J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics for the "elucidation of the properties of spontaneous symmetry breaking in four-dimensional relativistic gauge theory and of the mechanism for the consistent generation of vector boson masses".[11]

Guralnik received his BS degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1958 and his PhD degree from Harvard University in 1964.[12] He went to Imperial College London as a postdoctoral fellow supported by the National Science Foundation and then became a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Rochester. In the fall of 1967 went to Brown University and frequently visited Imperial College and Los Alamos National Laboratory where he was a staff member from 1985 to 1987. While at Los Alamos, he did extensive work on the development and application of computational methods for Lattice QCD. He died of a heart attack aged 77 in 2014.[13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guralnik, G.; Hagen, C.; Kibble, T. (1964). "Global Conservation Laws and Massless Particles". Physical Review Letters 13 (20): 585. Bibcode:1964PhRvL..13..585G. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.13.585. 
  2. ^ Guralnik, G. S. (2009). "The History of the Guralnik, Hagen and Kibble development of the Theory of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking and Gauge Particles". International Journal of Modern Physics A 24 (14): 2601. arXiv:0907.3466. Bibcode:2009IJMPA..24.2601G. doi:10.1142/S0217751X09045431. 
  3. ^ Guralnik, G. S. (Fall 2011). "The Beginnings of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking in Particle Physics". arXiv:1110.2253.
  4. ^ Guralnik, G. S. (Fall 2001). "A Physics History of My part in the Theory of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking and Gauge particles". Brown University. Retrieved March 22, 2012. 
  5. ^ Guralnik, G. S.; Hagen, C. R.; Kibble, T. W. B. (1968). "Broken Symmetries and the Goldstone Theorem". In Cool, R. L.; Marshak, R. E. Advances in Particle Physics 2. Interscience Publishers. pp. 567–708. ISBN 0470170573. 
  6. ^ "4 July 2012: A Day to Remember,” CERN Courier, 23 August 2012
  7. ^ "Physical Review Letters - 50th Anniversary Milestone Papers". Physical Review Letters. Retrieved March 22, 2012. 
  8. ^ “The 2013 Nobel prizes. Higgs’s bosuns.” Economist (October 12, 2013)
  9. ^ “Why are some scientists unhappy with the Nobel prizes?” Economist (October 9, 2013)
  10. ^ G.S. Guralnik, C.R. Hagen (2014), "Where Have All the Goldstone Bosons Gone?"
  11. ^ "2010 J.J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics Recipient: Gerald S. Guralnik". American Physical Society. Retrieved March 22, 2012. 
  12. ^ Luttrell, S. K. (March–April 2010). "Gerald Guralnik '58 and Carl Richard Hagen '58, SM '58, PhD '63". Technology Review. Retrieved March 22, 2012. 
  13. ^ Brown University Passages - Gerald S. Guralnik, Chancellor’s Professor of Physics
  14. ^ "After death, physics prof remembered for mentorship, imagination and contributions to Nobel-winning work". Brown Daily Herald. May 1, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Gerald Guralnik, 77, a ‘God Particle’ Pioneer, Dies". New York Times. May 3, 2014. 
  16. ^ MacKenzie Elmer (May 5, 2014). "Iowa-born physicist at Brown University dies". The Waterloo-Cedar Falls Courier. 
  17. ^ "Gerald S. Guralnik, particle physicist linked to Higgs boson, dies at 77". Washington Post. May 6, 2014. 
  18. ^ Kibble, Tom (2014). "Gerald Guralnik (1936–2014) Physicist who helped to conceive the Higgs boson". Nature 510 (7503): 36. doi:10.1038/510036a. 
  19. ^ C. R. Hagen (August 2014). "Obituaries - Gerald Stanford Guralnik". Physics Today. doi:10.1063/PT.3.2488. 

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