G1 Beijing–Harbin Expressway

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China Expwy G1 sign with name.svg

Beijing–Harbin Expressway

北京-哈尔滨高速公路

Jingha Expressway
京哈高速公路
Beijing–Harbin Expressway in red.
Taken July 2004
Route information
Part of AH1
Length: 1,200 km[1] (700 mi)
Existed: 28 September 2001 – present
Major junctions
South end: Sifang Bridge, Shuanglong Road and 4th Ring Road, Beijing
  Wufang Bridge, 5th Ring Road, Beijing
Shiyuan Bridge, 6th Ring Road, Beijing
Kokudou 103(China).svg National Highway 103, Beijing
S1 Jinji Expressway, Tianjin
China Expwy G25 sign no name.svg G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway (north) and Tangshan West Outer Ring Expressway (south), Tangshan, Hebei
Kokudou 112(China).svg National Highway 112, Tangshan, Hebei
China Expwy G25 sign no name.svg G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway (south), Tangshan, Hebei
Yanhai Expressway, Qinhuangdao, Hebei
China Expwy G16 sign no name.svg G16 Dandong–Xilinhot Expressway (north), Jinzhou, Liaoning
China Expwy G2512 sign no name.svg G2512 Fuxin–Jinzhou Expressway, Jinzhou, Liaoning
China Expwy G16 sign no name.svg G16 Dandong–Xilinhot Expressway (south), Panjin, Liaoning
China Expwy G91 sign no name.svg G91 Liaozhong Ring Expressway, Shenyang, Liaoning
China Expwy G1501 sign no name.svg G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway, Shenyang, Liaoning
China Expwy G2511 sign no name.svg G2511 Xinmin–Lubei Expressway, Shenyang, Liaoning
China Expwy G1501 sign no name.svg G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway, Shenyang, Liaoning
China Expwy G25 sign no name.svg G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway, Siping, Jilin
G1201 Changchun Ring Expressway (south), Changchun, Jilin
G1201 Changchun Ring Expressway (north), Changchun, Jilin
China Expwy G10 sign no name.svg G10 Suifenhe–Manzhouli Expressway and G1001 Harbin Ring Expressway, Harbin, Heilongjiang
North end: Kokudou 102(China).svg China National Highway 102, Harbin, Heilongjiang
Highway system
Transport in China
G99 G2

The Beijing–Harbin Expressway (simplified Chinese: 北京-哈尔滨高速公路; traditional Chinese: 北京-哈爾濱高速公路), designated as G1 and commonly abbreviated as Jingha Expressway (Chinese: 京哈高速) is an expressway in northeastern China linking the cities of Beijing and Harbin.

The Beijing–Harbin Expressway is commonly referred to as the Jingha Expressway. This name is derived from the two one-character Chinese abbreviations of the two cities at which the expressway terminates, Jing for Beijing and Ha for Harbin.

Route[edit]

The Beijing–Harbin Expressway runs from Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, to Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang Province. It passes through the following major cities:[2]

History[edit]

The first section of the Beijing–Harbin Expressway, opened in the 1990s was the short-lived Jingqin Expressway, running between the outskirts of Beijing and Qinhuangdao.[citation needed]

In 1990s the expressway was extended northeast from Qinhuangdao to Shenyang and westward to the 4th Ring Road in Beijing to become the Jingshen Expressway. The 658 km expressway from central Beijing to Shenyang was completed in time for the 50th anniversary of the People's Republic of China. It opened to the general motoring public on September 15, 1999, after four years of work on different sections.[citation needed]

The expressway was extended to Harbin during the rapid expansion of the Chinese expressway system in the 2000s. The completed expressway was opened on September 28, 2001. It is now one of the seven radial expressways emanating from Beijing.

Improvements were made to the expressway in 2003 and 2004 by removing several toll stations in 2003 and repairing the previously uneven road surface between the 6th Ring Road and Xijizhen in Beijing in 2004.[citation needed]

On October 8, 2004, 36 vehicles were involved a horrendous series of car crashes on the expressway. The crashes occurred in the westbound lanes near the interchange with the Jinji Expressway, in the Tianjin municipality. Traffic was delayed up for over one and a half hours.[citation needed]

Toll network[edit]

When the expressway opened in September 1999, people were complaining about one thing: namely, the sheer number of toll gates. In some cases, a toll booth appeared every 15 kilometres.

It so turned out that the Jingshen expressway was constructed by different organisations, and as a result, each set up their own toll gate. This seemed to be OK at the start, but made traffic awfully slow, as traffic piled up in front of toll gates.

The PRC's Ministry of Communications (Transport) stepped in after four years and declared that, effective September 1, 2003, the Baodi toll gate in Tianjin and the Yutian toll gate in Hebei would be demolished, in order to create a networked toll system. Additionally, two expressway toll gates near Shanhaiguan would be merged as one. (Plans also hint that the toll gate at Bailu, Beijing, just east of the Eastern 5th Ring Road, would be gone soon, as soon as Beijing "gets its act together" and joins the networked toll system. The toll gate at Xianghe in Hebei, however, would be kept.)

Thus, for the section from Xianghe in western Hebei through to Shanhaiguan in eastern Hebei (and even through the Tianjin portion), this networked toll system applies—one of the first of its kind. This does away with the previous system, where toll booths appeared every time the jurisdiction changed. For some odd reason, Beijing and Liaoning are still not part of the networked toll system.

China plans to expand the networked toll system nationwide, starting with the Jingshen expressway as some kind of testing ground. For now, the change is being accepted positively. Average speed on the expressway has gone up, and a May 2004 law on traffic in general raised maximum speed limits on expressways nationwide from 110 km/h to 120 km/h. This makes traffic jams on this expressway either rare, or a thing of the past.

Interchanges[edit]

The Xianghe Toll Gate (Jingshen Expwy Hebei segment, July 2004 image)
Jingshen Expressway (Beijing segment, taken in July 2004)
Jingshen Expressway (Tianjin segment, taken in July 2004)

The following is a list of interchanges As of 2005 along the expressway from Beijing to Shenyang.

Pfeil unten.svg From Beijing Pfeil unten.svg
Continues as:
Shanglong Road
0 CH-Hinweissignal-Autobahn.svg
AB-Kreuz-blaugrün.svg
East 4th Ring Road
0c AB-AS-grün.svg Louzizhuang
Happyvalleylogo1.jpg Happy Valley Beijing
3 AB-AS-grün.svg Gaobeidian Road
4 AB-AS-grün.svg Side Road
5 A-B AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Beijing Expwy S50 sign with name.svg East S50 5th Ring Road
6 AB-AS-grün.svg Dougezhuang
Toll Gate-CN.png Beijing Bailu Toll Station
Pfeil oben.svg Beijing Metropolitan Area Pfeil oben.svg
12 AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 302(China).svg Tongma Highway
China County Road X014.svg X014 Road
Service Area Sign-CN.png Tianjiafu Service Area
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G45 sign with name.svgChina Expwy G4501BJ sign with name.svg G45-East G4501 6th Ring Road
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 103(China).svg G103 Road
Shoudou 301(China).svg S301 Road
AB-AS-grün.svg China County Road X002.svg X002 Road
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 207(China).svg S207 Road
Pfeil oben.svg Beijing City Pfeil oben.svg
Pfeil unten.svg Hebei Province Pfeil unten.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 271(China).svg S271 Road
Toll Gate-CN.png Hebei Xianghe Toll Station
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 274(China).svg S274 Road
Pfeil oben.svg Hebei Province Pfeil oben.svg
Pfeil unten.svg Tianjin City Pfeil unten.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 210(China).svg S210 Road
80 AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 101(China).svg S101 Road
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Tianjin Expwy S1 sign no name.svg S1 Jinji Expressway
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Tianjin Expwy S21 sign no name.svg S21 Tangcheng Expressway
AB-AS-grün.svg China County Road X574.svg X574 Road
Service Area Sign-CN.png Xinanzhen Service Area
Pfeil oben.svg Tianjin City Pfeil oben.svg
Pfeil unten.svg Hebei Province Pfeil unten.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 208(China).svg S208 Road
Service Area Sign-CN.png Yutian Service Area
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 208(China).svg S027 Road
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G25 sign with name.svg G25 Changshen Expressway
149 AB-AS-grün.svg G112 – Tangshan, Fengrun
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G2502 sign with name.svg G2502 Tangjin Expressway
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Hebei Expwy S23 sign no name.svg S23 Expressway
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 262(China).svg S262 Road
Service Area Sign-CN.png Luanxian Service Area
China road sign 警 38.gif
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg
China road sign 警 38.gif
Hebei Expwy SXX sign no name.svg Qian'an Expressway
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 252(China).svg S252 Road
Service Area Sign-CN.png Lulong Service Area
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 026(China).svg S026 Road
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 261(China).svg S261 Road
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Hebei Expwy S025 sign no name.svg S025 Jingshen Expressway
Service Area Sign-CN.png Beidaihe Service Area
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Hebei Expwy S012 sign no name.svg S012 Yanhai Expressway (Future: China Expwy G0111 sign with name.svg G0111 Qinbin Expressway)
Hebei Expwy S52 sign no name.svg S52 Chengqin ExprGessway
China road sign 警 38.gif
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg
China road sign 警 38.gif
China Expwy G1N sign with name.svg G1N Jinqin Expressway
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 251(China).svg S251 Road
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 024(China).svg S024 Road
Toll Gate-CN.png Shanhaiguan Toll Station
Service Area Sign-CN.png Shanhaiguan Service Area
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Shoudou 364(China).svg S364 Road
Pfeil oben.svg Hebei Province Pfeil oben.svg
Pfeil unten.svg Liaoning Province Pfeil unten.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Toll Gate-CN.png Wanjia Toll Station
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Qianwei
Service Area Sign-CN.png Suizhong Service Area
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 306(China).svg G306 Road
Shoudou 213(China).svg S213 Road
Suizhong
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Shahouzuo
Service Area Sign-CN.png Xingcheng Service Area
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Xingcheng
China road sign 警 38.gif
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg
China road sign 警 38.gif
Liaoning Expwy SXX sign no name.svg Expressway
Pfeil unten.svg Huludao Metropolitan Area Pfeil unten.svg
AB-Kreuz-blaugrün.svg Haichen Road
Towards Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
AB-AS-grün.svg Daodong Road
Service Area Sign-CN.png Tashan Service Area
442 AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 306(China).svg S306 Road
Pfeil oben.svg Huludao Metropolitan Area Pfeil oben.svg
Pfeil unten.svg Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone Pfeil unten.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 204(China).svg S204 Road
Shoudou 308(China).svg S308 Road
Pfeil oben.svg Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone Pfeil oben.svg
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G16 sign with name.svg G16 Danxi Expressway
Pfeil unten.svg Concurrent with China Expwy G16 sign with name.svg G16 Danxi Expressway Pfeil unten.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 209(China).svg S209 Road
Service Area Sign-CN.png Linghai Service Area
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G2512 sign with name.svg G2512 Fujin Expressway
481 AB-AS-grün.svg China County Road X711.svg X711 Road
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 308(China).svg S308 Road
Pfeil oben.svg Concurrent with China Expwy G16 sign with name.svg G16 Danxi Expressway Pfeil oben.svg
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G16 sign with name.svg G16 Danxi Expressway
China road sign 警 38.gif
Liaoning Expwy S21 sign no name.svg S21 Fuying Expressway
Service Area Sign-CN.png Panjin Service Area
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 305(China).svg G305 Road
Panjin
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 210(China).svg S210 Road
Gaosheng
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 307(China).svg S307 Road
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G91 sign with name.svg G91 Liaozhong Ring Expressway
Service Area Sign-CN.png Liaozhong Service Area
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 106(China).svg S106 Road
Shoudou 107(China).svg S107 Road
Liaozhong
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 304(China).svg S304 Road
Ciyutuo
Pfeil unten.svg Shenyang Metropolitan Area Pfeil unten.svg
639 AB-AS-grün.svg Gaohua
Service Area Sign-CN.png Gaohua Service Area
Toll Gate-CN.png Shenyang Toll Station
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G1113 sign with name.svgChina Expwy G1501SY sign with name.svg G1113-G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway
Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Kokudou 202(China).svg G202 Road
Shoudou 109(China).svg S109 Road
Pfeil oben.svg Shenyang Metropolitan Area Pfeil oben.svg
Pfeil unten.svg Concurrent with China Expwy G1501SY sign with name.svg G1501 Shenyang Ring ExpresswayPfeil unten.svg
Concurrent with China Expwy G1113 sign with name.svg G1113 Danfu Expressway
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 304(China).svg G304 Road
Pfeil oben.svg Concurrent with China Expwy G1113 sign with name.svg G1113 Danfu Expressway Pfeil oben.svg
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G1113 sign with name.svg G1113 Danfu Expressway
AB-AS-grün.svg Xijiang Street
Pfeil unten.svg Shenyang Metropolitan Area Pfeil unten.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 101(China).svg G101 Road
Shenyang Metro Corporation logo.png SYM Line 2 icon.svg Yixueyaun Station
AB-AS-grün.svg Lingyuan Street
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 203(China).svg G203 Road
Pfeil oben.svg Concurrent with China Expwy G1501SY sign with name.svg G1501 Shenyang Ring ExpresswayPfeil oben.svg
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G1501SY sign with name.svg G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway
Shenyan Road
Pfeil oben.svg Shenyang Metropolitan Area Pfeil oben.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Puhe Road
Towards Huishan
Qipanshan Forest Park
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Shoudou 107(China).svg S107 Road
AB-AS-grün.svg
Guaipo Scenery Zone
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Shoudou 331(China).svg S331 Road
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G91 sign with name.svg G91 Liaozhong Ring Expressway
Pfeil unten.svg Yinzhou Metropolitan Area Pfeil unten.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Service Area Sign-CN.png Tieling Service Area
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Pfeil oben.svg Yinzhou Metropolitan Area Pfeil oben.svg
Service Area Sign-CN.png Kaiyuan Service Area
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 303(China).svg S303 Road
Kaiyuan
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Liaoning Expwy S14 sign no name.svg S14 Liaokai Expressway
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Changtu
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Shuangmiaozi
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Liaoning Expwy S17 sign no name.svg S17 Pingkang Expressway
Toll Gate-CN.png Maojiadian Toll Station
Pfeil oben.svg Liaoning Province Pfeil oben.svg
Pfeil unten.svg Jilin Province Pfeil unten.svg
Pfeil unten.svg Siping Metropolitan Area Pfeil unten.svg
Toll Gate-CN.png Siping Toll Station
AB-AS-grün.svg Kaifaqu Road
North to Siping-Centre
South to Kokudou 303(China).svg G303 Road
Pfeil oben.svg Siping Metropolitan Area Pfeil oben.svg
Service Area Sign-CN.png Kaoshantun Service Area
AB-AS-grün.svg China County Road X152.svg X152 Road
Guojiadian
Service Area Sign-CN.png Gongzhuling Service Area
AB-Kreuz-blaugrün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
ChinaRailwayHighspeed.svg Gongzhuling South Station
Service Area Sign-CN.png Taojiantun Service Area
AB-AS-grün.svg China County Road X063.svg X063 Road
Fanjiatun
Pfeil unten.svg Changchun Metropolitan Area Pfeil unten.svg
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G0102CC sign with name.svg G0102 Changchun Ring Expressway
Pfeil unten.svg Concurrent with China Expwy G0102CC sign with name.svg G0102 Changchun Ring Expressway Pfeil unten.svg
Service Area Sign-CN.png Changchun Service Area
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Jilin Expwy S26 sign no name.svg S26 Fuchang Expressway
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 102(China).svg S102 Road
Changchun Light Rail Transit icon.svg CLRT Line 3 icon.svg Zhongyiyaodaxue Station
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G12 sign with name.svg G12 Hunwu Expressway
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 101(China).svg S101 Road
AB-AS-grün.svg North Yuanda Street
Pfeil oben.svg Concurrent with China Expwy G0102CC sign with name.svg G0102 Changchun Ring Expressway Pfeil oben.svg
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G0102CC sign with name.svg G0102 Changchun Ring Expressway
Service Area Sign-CN.png Mishazi Service Area
AB-AS-grün.svg
Pfeil oben.svg Changchun Metropolitan Area Pfeil oben.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Deha Road
Dehui
AB-AS-grün.svg China County Road X025.svg X025 Road
Caiyuanzi
AB-AS-grün.svg China County Road X144.svg X144 Road
Yutao Road
Taolaizhao
Towards Yushi
AB-AS-grün.svg Shoudou 301(China).svg S301 Road
Fuyu
Pfeil oben.svg Jilin Province Pfeil oben.svg
Pfeil unten.svg Heilongjiang Province Pfeil unten.svg
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Lanling
AB-AS-grün.svg Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Shuangcheng
Service Area Sign-CN.png Yunlianghe Service Area
Pfeil unten.svg Harbin Metropolitan Area Pfeil unten.svg
AB-Kreuz-grün.svg China Expwy G10 sign with name.svgChina Expwy G1001HEB sign with name.svg G10-G1001 Harbin Ring Expressway
Toll Gate-CN.png Harbin Wapenyao Toll Station
CH-Hinweissignal-Autobahn.svg
China road sign 警 14.gif
Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Continues as:
Kokudou 102(China).svg G102 Road
Pfeil oben.svg Towards Beijing Pfeil oben.svg

References[edit]