GB Cave

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GB Cave
GB Cave.jpg
Map showing the location of GB Cave
Map showing the location of GB Cave
Location Charterhouse, Somerset, UK
OS grid ST 47595623
Coordinates 51°18′10″N 2°45′11″W / 51.302811°N 2.753105°W / 51.302811; -2.753105Coordinates: 51°18′10″N 2°45′11″W / 51.302811°N 2.753105°W / 51.302811; -2.753105
Depth 134 metres (440 ft)
Length 1,950 metres (6,400 ft)
Altitude 253 metres (830 ft)
Discovery 1939
Geology Limestone
Access locked
Cave survey 1. Bracknell CC (overlaid on map)
2. Geological Conservation Review
3. UBSS
4. Mendip Cave Registry and Archive

GB Cave is a cave between Charterhouse and Shipham in the limestone of the Mendip Hills, in Somerset, England, and is close to Charterhouse Cave, the deepest in the region.[1]

The cave was first entered on 19 November 1939, after ten months of digging, by the University of Bristol Spelæological Society, and was named in recognition of the two members, F. J. Goddard and C. C. Barker, who had done most of the work involved in its discovery.[2][3][4] The cave is located within the Cheddar Complex and the 17-acre GB Gruffy nature reserve and is close to Charterhouse Cave, the deepest cave in the region.[1]

Ladder Dig broke through in 1966 to gain access to the extremely well-decorated Bat Passage.[5]

The entrance to the cave is kept locked, and access is controlled by the Charterhouse Caving Company.[6]

Description[edit]

GB Cave is remarkable for the Gorge, a river-passage up to 6 metres (20 ft) wide, 12 metres (39 ft) high and 90 metres (295 ft) long, which opens into the even larger Main Chamber (20 metres (66 ft) wide, 23 metres (75 ft) high, 122 metres (400 ft) long). Together these two form what was thought to be largest known space under the Mendip Hills,[7] until the discovery of "The Frozen Deep" in Reservoir Hole in 2012.[8]

Further into the cave is the Great Chamber, another large space, and a number of other chambers in the cave are well-decorated.

The trace elements Magnesium, Strontium and Barium have been found by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) from three Holocene speleothems taken from the Great Chamber.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "GB Gruffy". Wildlife Trusts Somerset. Retrieved 2007-05-22. 
  2. ^ F.J. Goddard (1944). "G.B. Cave, Charterhouse on Mendip". UBSS Proceedings (UBSS) 5(1): 104–113. 
  3. ^ Johnson, Peter (1967). The History of Mendip Caving. Newton Abbott: David & Charles. ASIN B0000CNIE0. 
  4. ^ Witcombe, Richard (2009). Who was Aveline anyway?: Mendip's Cave Names Explained (2nd ed.). Priddy: Wessex Cave Club. p. 78. ISBN 978-0-9500433-6-4. 
  5. ^ M.G. Norton (1966). "Interim report on the Ladder Dig Series, G.B. Cave, Charterhouse-on-Mendip, Somerset". UBSS Proceedings (UBSS). 11(1): 63–70. 
  6. ^ Charterhouse Caving Company
  7. ^ Irwin, David John; Knibbs Anthony J. (1999). Mendip Underground: A Cavers Guide. Bat Products. ISBN 0-9536103-0-6.  – which also contains a detailed description of the cave.
  8. ^ "Cheddar cave 'biggest in Mendip Hills'". BBC News online. 7 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 
  9. ^ Roberts M. S., Smart P. L., Hawkesworth C. J., Perkins W. T. and Pearce N. J. G. (1999). "Trace element variations in coeval Holocene speleothems from GB Cave, southwest England". The Holocene 9 (6): 707–713. doi:10.1191/095968399672615014.