Guobiao standards

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"GB standards" redirects here. For British standards, see British Standards Institute.

GB standards are the Chinese national standards issued by the Standardization Administration of China (SAC), the Chinese National Committee of the ISO and IEC. GB stands for Guobiao (simplified Chinese: 国标; traditional Chinese: 國標; pinyin: guó biāo), Chinese for national standard.

Mandatory standards are prefixed "GB". Recommended standards are prefixed "GB/T" (T from Chinese language 推荐 tuījiàn, "recommended"). A standard number follows "GB" or "GB/T".

GB standards are the basis for the product testing which products must undergo during the China Compulsory Certificate (CCC) certification. If there is no corresponding GB Standard, CCC is not required.

A non-exhaustive list of National Standards of the People's Republic of China is listed as follows, accompanied with similar international standards of ISO, marked as identical (IDT), equivalent (EQV), or non-equivalent (NEQ).

Status Number Adopted standard Title
Mandatory standards
GB 2099.1‐2008 AC power mains plugs and sockets
GB 1002‐2008 AC power mains plugs and sockets
GB 2312-1980 Code of Chinese graphic character set for information interchange, primary set; see also GBK, a common extension of GB 2312
GB 3100-1993 EQV ISO 1000:1992 SI units and recommendations for the use of their multiples and of certain other units
GB 3101-1993 EQV ISO 31-0:1992 General principles concerning quantities, units and symbols
GB 3259-1992 Transliterating rules of Chinese phonetic alphabet on titles for books and periodicals in Chinese
GB 3304-1991 Names of nationalities of China in romanization with codes
GB 5768-2009 Road traffic signs and markings
GB 6513-1986 Character set for bibliographic information interchange on mathematical coding of characters
GB 7714-1987 Descriptive rules for bibliographic references
GB 8045-1987 Mongolian 7-bit and 8-bit coded graphic character sets for information processing interchange
GB 12050-1989 Information processing – Uighur coded graphic character sets for information interchange
GB 12052-1989 Korean character coded character sets for information interchange
GB 12200.1-1990 Chinese information processing – Vocabulary – Part 1: Fundamental terms
GB 13000.1-1993 IDT ISO/IEC 10646.1:1993 Information Technology – Universal multiple-octet coded character set (UCS) – Part 1: Architecture and basic multilingual plane
GB 14887-2003 Road traffic signals
GB 18030-2005 Information technology – Chinese ideograms coded character set for information interchange – Extension for the basic set
GB 500011-2001[1] Civil engineering – Code for seismic design of buildings
GB 50223-2008[2] Civil engineering – Standard for classification of seismic protection of building constructions
Recommended standards GB/T 148-1997 NEQ ISO 216:1975 Writing paper and certain classes of printed matter—Trimmed sizes-A and B series
GB/T 1988-1998 EQV ISO/IEC 646:1991 Information technology—7-bit coded character set for information interchange
GB/T 2311-2000 IDT ISO/IEC 2022:1994 Information technology – Character code structure and extension techniques
GB/T 2260-2007 Codes for the administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China
GB/T 2261-1980 None but similar with ISO 5218 Codes for sexual distinction of human beings
GB/T 2659-2000 EQV ISO 3166-1:1997 Codes for the representation of names of countries and regions
GB/T 4880-1991 EQV ISO 639:1988 Codes for the representation of names of languages
GB/T 4880.2-2000 EQV ISO 639-2:1998 Codes for the representation of names of languages—Part 2: Alpha-3 code
GB/T 4881-1985 Code of Chinese languages
GB/T 5795-2002 EQV ISO 2108:1992 China standard book numbering
GB/T 7408-1994 EQV ISO 8601:1988 Data elements and interchange formats—Information interchange—Representation of dates and times
GB/T 7589-1987 Code of Chinese ideogram set for information interchange – 2nd supplementary set
GB/T 7590-1987 Code of Chinese ideogram set for information interchange – 4th supplementary set
GB/T 12200.2-1994 Chinese information processing – Vocabulary – Part 2: Chinese and Chinese character
GB/T 12345-1990 Code of Chinese graphic character set for information interchange, supplementary set
GB/T 12406-1996 IDT ISO 4217:1990 Codes for the representation of currencies and funds
GB/T 13131-1991 Code of Chinese ideogram set for information interchange – The 3rd supplementary set
GB/T 13132-1991 Code of Chinese ideogram set for information interchange – The 5th supplementary set
GB/T 13134-1991 Yi coded character set for information interchange
GB/T 15273 IDT ISO/IEC 8859 Information processing—8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets
GB/T 15834-2011 Use of punctuation marks
GB/T 15835-1995 General rules for writing numerals in publications
GB/T 16159-1996 Basic rules for Hanyu Pinyin Orthography
GB/T 16831-1997 IDT ISO 6709:1983 Standard representation of latitude, longitude and altitude for geographic point locations
GB/T 17742-1999 China Seismic Intensity Scale, or liedu
GB/T 19000-2000 IDT ISO 9000:2000 Quality management systems—Fundamentals and vocabulary
GB/T 24001-1996 IDT ISO 14001:1996 Environmental management systems—Specification with guidance for use
GB/T 20542-2006 Tibetan Coded Character Set Extension A
GB/T 22238-2008 Tibetan Coded Character Set Extension B

Regulatory Changes[edit]

Changes are made frequently within the regulatory system of Chinese GB Standards. New standards are released, existing standards are changed or updated. In 2014, GB Standard 15084-2013 for rear view mirrors [3] as well as GB Standard 14166:2013 (“Safety-belts, restraint systems, child restraint systems and ISOFIX child restraint systems for occupants of power-driven vehicles”)[4] will be revised and implemented. Above that, GB Standard 27887-2011 “Restraining devices for child occupants of power-driven vehicles” will become mandatory.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ XU, Zhengzhong; WANG, Yayong et al. (徐正忠、王亚勇等) (2001). "《建筑抗震设计规范》(GB 500011-2001)" [Code for seismic design of buildings (GB 500011-2001)] (in Chinese). Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of PRC (MOHURD, 中华人民共和国住房和城乡建设部). Retrieved 2008-09-29.  The article was partially revised in 2008.
  2. ^ WANG, Yayong; DAI, Guoying (王亚勇 戴国莹) et al. (2008-07-30). "建筑工程抗震设防分类标准" [Standard for classification of seismic protection of building constructions] (MS Word) (in Chinese). General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine (AQSIQ) and Ministry of Housing ande Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD) of PRC. Retrieved 2008-09-30. 
  3. ^ "CCC: New GB Standard 15084-2013 for rear view mirrors on the verge of introduction". China Certification. Retrieved 2013-03-13. 
  4. ^ "CCC certification for child safety seats in motor vehicles will be mandatory". China Certification. Retrieved 2013-03-13. 
  5. ^ "CQC: New CQC Safety Certification for Child Restraint Systems". China Certification. Retrieved 2013-03-13. 

External links[edit]