Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority

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Greater Cleveland
Regional Transit Authority
GCRTA.svg
Overview
Locale Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Transit type Rapid transit
Light rail
Heavy rail
Bus
Bus rapid transit
Number of lines 1 rapid transit: Red line
2 interurban/light rail: Blue line and Green line
1 light rail: Waterfront
62 bus routes:
1 Bus rapid transit
5 Freeway-Flyer[1][2]
Number of stations 18 rapid transit
34 light rail/interurban
8,557 bus stops including 1,332 shelters[1]
Annual ridership 49.2 million[3]
Operation
Began operation September 5, 1975
Number of vehicles 60 rapid transit cars
48 light rail cars
492 buses
80 ParaTransit shuttles[1]
Technical
System length 37 miles (60 km) rail,[1]
1,606 miles (2,585 km) bus routes[4]
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge

The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (officially the GCRTA, but historically and locally referred to as the RTA) is the public transit agency for Cleveland, Ohio, United States, and the surrounding suburbs of Cuyahoga County. RTA is the largest transit agency in Ohio, providing over 44 million trips to residents and visitors of the Cleveland area in 2010. RTA owns and operates the RTA Rapid Transit rail system (better known as "The Rapid"), which consists of one heavy rail line (the Red Line) and two interurban light rail lines (the Blue, Green and light-rail Waterfront extension line). The bulk of RTA's service consists of buses, including regular routes, express or flyer buses, loop and paratransit buses. In December 2004, RTA adopted a revised master plan, Transit 2025, in which several rail extensions, bus line improvements, and transit oriented developments are discussed.[5]

RTA's major predecessor, the Cleveland Transit System, was the first transit system in the western hemisphere to provide direct rapid transit service from a city's downtown to its major airport.[6]

In 2007, RTA was named the best public transit system in North America by the American Public Transportation Association, for "demonstrating achievement in efficiency and effectiveness."[7]

History[edit]

The GCRTA was established December 30, 1974,[8] and on September 5, 1975 assumed control of the Cleveland Transit System (a successor to the Cleveland Railway), which operated the heavy rail line from Windermere to Cleveland Hopkins Airport and the local bus systems, and Shaker Heights Rapid Transit (the descendant of a separate streetcar system formed by the Van Sweringen brothers to serve their Shaker Heights development), which operated the two interurban light rail lines from downtown to Shaker Heights. A month later, the RTA assumed control over the suburban bus systems operated by Maple Heights, North Olmsted, Brecksville, Garfield Heights, and Euclid.[6]

The RTA had to undertake a number of renovations to the rail system, as the Shaker Heights lines (renamed the Blue and Green lines) had not been significantly renovated since their creation in 1920. They were largely rebuilt by 1981, and the downtown station at Tower City Center was heavily rebuilt by 1987. In 1994, a walkway and skyway was added from the Tower City station to Progressive Field and Quicken Loans Arena, and the Blue and Green lines were extended to the waterfront area by 1996.

Seventy-five Cleveland Transit System PCC streetcars were sold in 1952 to Toronto to be used by the Toronto Transit Commission. The last of the Cleveland models operated for 30 years in Toronto until 1982.

RTA has equipped all of its mainline buses with bicycle carriers. Each bus can carry two bicycles. Bicycles are also allowed on rapid transit trains (with a maximum limit of two per car) at all times, although operators have discretion to refuse bicycles if a train is overcrowded. Bicycles are not allowed access to/from the Public Square/Tower City Station through the shopping areas of Tower City Center. However, an elevator connection is permitted between the station lobby and street level, at Prospect Avenue via the south-side doors. Bicycles are also allowed to transfer between trains at Tower City Station. There is no additional charge for taking bicycles on RTA.

Euclid Corridor Project[edit]

Main article: HealthLine
A HealthLine bus rapid transit,a New Flyer DE60LF-BRT, at Public Square

In 2005, RTA began building a bus rapid transit line along Euclid Avenue from Public Square to University Circle and then to East Cleveland. This was originally to be a subway line running under Euclid Avenue, but the high cost of such a project caused it to be reduced in scope, resulting in the current bus rapid transit project. Vehicles operate in an exclusive center median busway from Public Square to Stokes Blvd. and transition to curbside running through University Circle to the Windermere Rapid Transit Station in East Cleveland. The vehicles are low-floor, articulated 62 feet (19 m) buses.

Naming rights for the line were purchased by the Cleveland Clinic and University Hospitals for twenty-five years. The BRT route, originally named the "Silver Line", which serves the two major health industry employers in Cleveland, is named the HealthLine.[9]

As sections were completed, they were opened to traffic; the entire stretch within the project area was open by October 24, 2008[10] as part of its grand opening October 24–26, 2008.[11]

Funding[edit]

When RTA was formed, Cuyahoga County voters approved a 1% county-wide sales tax, which constitutes about 70% of its operating revenue. This funding source has helped RTA maintain a higher level of service than other transit agencies in comparable cities, and it also helps RTA retain some degree of political autonomy. However, it also makes RTA unusually susceptible to economic downturns.

In recent years, RTA has undertaken great efforts to improve efficiency and eliminate unnecessary costs. These efforts have included mergers with the two remaining autonomous transit agencies in Cuyahoga County, the North Olmsted Municipal Bus Line and Maple Heights Transit, and the redesigning of its routes in the suburban areas southeast, west, and south of Cuyahoga County.

Fares[edit]

A Shaker Rapid car at the Warrensville Center Road Loop in 1936
These Tokyu cars, first put in service in 1985, serve the Red Line to the Airport from Windermere

Effective October 1, 2009:[12]

Bus / Rapid Park-n- Ride Bus Student Senior/ Dis- abled* Para- transit† Out-of- County Trolley
Cash   $2.25   $2.50 $1.50   $1   $2.25 $3.50 Free with a smile
All Day Pass‡   $5**   $2.50 N/A Free with a smile
5 Trip Farecard $11.25 $12.50 $7.50   $5 $11.25 N/A Free with a smile
7 Day Pass $22.50 $25 N/A   $10 $22.50 N/A Free with a smile
Monthly Pass $85 $95 N/A $38 $76 N/A Free with a smile
* All Senior/Disabled cash fares, farecards and passes require passenger to show valid RTA Senior ID, RTA Disabled ID or Medicare card.
ADA certified Paratransit passengers may ride fixed-route bus and rapid service at no cost.
All Day Passes are available for purchase on all RTA vehicles at the farebox and at retail agents. They provide for unlimited rides on rapids, regular buses, Park-n-Ride buses, loop buses, and community circulators until 3:00 a.m. the next day.
** All Day Passes for children/seniors/disabled are $2.50.

RTA buses[edit]

Current Fleet Roster[edit]

Order Year Fleet Series
(Quantity)
Manufacturer
Model
Image Powertrain
(Engine/Transmission)
Fuel
or Propulsion
Notes
2001 2101-2151 GCRTA 2001 NovaBus
  • Cummins ISM
  • Allison WB-400R
Diesel
  • Currently used for bus shortages
2001 1001-1023
(23)
Diesel
2002 2201-2320
(120)
Diesel

2209 was totaled on December 17, 2012

2003 1051-1065
(15)
  • MCI
    • D4500
  • DDS-60
    • Allison WB-500
Diesel
2003 2401-2505
(105)
  • NABI
    • 40-LFW
GCRTA NABI 40-LFW 2439.jpg Diesel
2004 6404, 6405, 6406, 6411, 6412, 6415
(6)
  • Thomas-Diamler
  • SLF-229
  • Cummins ISB
    • Allison WB-300R
Diesel
  • Replaced the Orion IIs
  • Originally used for Community Circular, now used on Downtown Trolley
2005 2601-2648
(48)
  • NABI
    • 40-LFW
  • Caterpillar C-9
    • Allison WB-400R
Diesel
2006 2801-2845
(45)
  • NABI
    • 40-LFW
  • Caterpillar C-9
    • Allison WB-400R
Diesel
2006 2701-2711
(11)
  • Optima
    • American Heritage Streetcar
  • Cummins ISB
    • Allison WB-300R
Diesel
  • Streetcar configuration.
2008/2009 2900-2957
(57)
HealthLine 2.jpg
  • Caterpillar C-9
    • Allison ep-50 HybriDrive system
Hybrid
  • First New Flyer bus order.
  • First Hybrids in system.
  • Operates the HealthLine BRT service on Euclid Avenue.
2009 3001-3017
(16)
  • NFI
    • D60LFR
GCRTA 2009 LFR
  • Cummins ISM
    • Allison WB-500R
Diesel
2014 3201-3253
(52)
  • NFI
    • Xcelsior XD60
  • Cummins ISM
    • Allison WB-500R
Diesel
  • Used for West Shore Express Starting Fall 2014.
2014 3101-3161
(60)
  • GILLIG
    • BRT
  • Cummins EPA 2013 ISL9G C Gas Plus
    • Allison WB400R-6 Gen IV/4000 series
Compressed Natural Gas
  • First GILLIG order.
  • First order to replace the 2201-2261 NABIs
2015 8501-8516
(15)
  • Setra
    • S407
  • Mercedes Benz Engine
    • 450 HP 12.8
Diesel
  • First Setra order.First Transit Agency for Setra
  • First order to replace the 2003 MCI's

CTS fleet[edit]

  • 1946 Pullman PCC A11 (49) and 1946 St. Louis Car Company A12 (24) - all sold to Toronto in 1952
  • Marmon-Herrington TC48-T5 and TC44-T7 trolleybus - ordered 49 in 1951 and 1952 and retired in 1960s (sold to Mexico City)[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "About RTA - RTA Facts". Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  2. ^ "Timetables, Maps & Schedules". Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  3. ^ Good news! Ridership on RTA rose for third straight year, Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority, 2014-1-17
  4. ^ "Business Center: Procurement". Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. Retrieved 2008-07-19. 
  5. ^ "Planning & Development - Transit 2025 Plan". Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  6. ^ a b "About RTA: History of Public Transit in Greater Cleveland". Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  7. ^ Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (October 1, 2007). Greater Cleveland: Best Location for Public Transportation in the Nation. Press release. Retrieved on October 6, 2007.
  8. ^ "Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University. 1997-06-16. Retrieved 2009-11-26. 
  9. ^ Clinic, UH pay to name Euclid Corridor buses. The Plain Dealer. Retrieved on March 4, 2008.
  10. ^ "RTA's HealthLine Officially Opens Along Euclid Corridor". WEWS-TV. 2008-10-23. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  11. ^ Cleveland RTA Healthline Special Section, The Plain Dealer, 2008-10-19
  12. ^ "Fares". Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  13. ^ Cleveland's Transit Vehicles: Equipment and Technology ISBN 0873385489

External links[edit]