GER Class T18

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GER Class T18
LNER Class J66
GER 0-6-0 T18 Tank Engne 275.jpg
Class T18 locomotive No. 275
Specifications
Power type Steam
Designer James Holden
Builder Stratford Works
Build date 1886–1888
Total produced 50
Rebuild date 1898–1908
Configuration 0-6-0T
UIC classification C n2t
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 4 ft 0 in (1.219 m)
Wheelbase 13 ft 4 in (4.06 m)
Length 28 ft 2 12 in (8.60 m) over buffers
Locomotive weight 40 tons 5.75 cwt (90,200 lb or 40.9 t)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 2 tons 10 cwt (5,600 lb or 2.5 t)
Water capacity 1,000 imp gal (4,550 l; 1,200 US gal)
Boiler pressure Originally: 140 lbf/in2 (0.97 MPa)
later: 160 lbf/in2 (1.10 MPa)
Firegrate area 12.4 sq ft (1.15 m2)
Heating surface:
– Total
987.4 sq ft (91.73 m2)
Cylinder size 16 12 in × 22 in (419 mm × 559 mm)
Valve gear Stephenson
Valve type Slide valves
Tractive effort 16,970 lbf (75.49 kN)
Career
Railroad(s) GER » LNER » BR
Class GER: T18
LNER: J66
Power class BR: 2F
Axle load class LNER/BR: Route Availability 3
Withdrawn 1936–1955

The GER Class T18 was a class of fifty 0-6-0 tank steam locomotives designed by James Holden for the Great Eastern Railway. They passed to the London and North Eastern Railway at the grouping in 1923 and received the LNER classification J66.

Overview[edit]

When James Holden took office on the Great Eastern, there were few 0-6-0T locomotives, most shunting being done by 0-4-4T and obsolete tender locomotives.

These small locomotives had 16 12-by-22-inch (419 by 559 mm) cylinders, 4-foot-0-inch (1.219 m). coupled wheels and a grate area of 12.4 sq ft (1.15 m2). They were rebuilt between 1898 and 1908.[1]

Table of orders and numbers[2]
Year Order Builder Quantity GER Nos. LNER Nos. Notes
1886 T18 Stratford Works 10 275–284 7275–7284
1887 K19 Stratford Works 20 285–304 7285–7304
1888 H21 Stratford Works 10 307–316 7307–7316
1888 T21 Stratford Works 10 317–326 7317–7326
No. 8387 at March Locomotive Depot 17 July 1946.

Withdrawals started in 1936 when four (7278, 7287, 7303 and 7308) were sold to Sir Robert McAlpine and Son, the latter concern also having five on loan from late 1936 to mid-1938. Three others were sold, with No. 297 going to the Mersey Railway in 1939 as their No. 3 to work ballast trains. By the end of 1940, thirty-one had been withdrawn, and the remaining 19 locomotives continued with no further retirements until 1950. In the LNER 1944 renumbering plan, the locomotives were renumbered 8370–8388. Withdrawal restarted in 1950 and all were gone by the end of 1955.

In 1952, Three locomotives, 8370 and 8378, and 8382 were transferred to the service list as 32, 36, and 31 respectively.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Allen et al. 1970, pp. 73–77
  2. ^ Aldrich 1969, p. 100.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Aldrich, C. Langley (1969). The Locomotives of the Great Eastern Railway 1862–1962 (7th ed.). Wickford, Essex: C. Langley Aldrich. OCLC 30278831. 
  • Allen, D. W.; Boddy, M. G.; Brown, W. A.; Fry, E. V.; Hennigan, W.; Manners, F.; Neve, E.; Proud, P.; Roundthwaite, T. E.; Tee, D. F.; Yeadon, W. B. (November 1970). Fry, E. V., ed. Locomotives of the L.N.E.R., part 8A: Tank Engines - Classes J50 to J70. Kenilworth: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-05-3. 

External links[edit]