||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2011)|
|Developer||Deborah Swayne, Michael Lawrence, Hadley Wickham, Duncan Temple Lang, Di Cook, Heike Hofmann and Andreas Buja|
|Stable release||2.1.8 / August 12, 2008|
|OS||Windows, Macintosh, Linux|
|License||GNU GPL, BSD, CPL|
GGobi is a free statistical software tool used for graphing various types of data. GGobi allows extensive exploration of the data with Interactive dynamic graphics. It is also a tool for looking at multivariate data. R can be used in sync with GGobi (through rggobi). GGobi prides itself on its ability to link multiple graphs together.
GGobi was created to look at data matrices. The designers were interested in exploring multi-dimensional data. The program developers went through many name changes before settling on GGobi (A combination of the words GTK+ and the Gobi Desert). The original concept, Dataviewer, began in the mid-80s, and a predecessor, XGobi, began in 1989. Work began on the current version of GGobi in 1999. The main reason for the different versions was the change in technology.
Importance of graphics
Looking at data through various graphs can reveal more information about the distribution than just looking at the numbers or a summary of them. Using the different tools within GGobi, clusters, non-linear distributions, outliers, and other important variations in the data can be discovered. GGobi is a program which allows exploratory data analysis to occur for multi-dimensional data.
Supported data sources
Types of graphics
- 1D: Average shifted histogram, textured dot plot, barchart, spineplot
- 2D: Scatterplot
- Time series plot
These tools can be used to pick out special points or clusters of data.
- As the brush moves over a point, the point will be highlighted.
- If "persistent" is selected, the points the brush has moved over will remain "painted".
- As the cursor moves over a point, a label, or variable value will appear at the top of the graphic screen.
- Multiple plots are linked so identifying one point in one plot will identify the same point on all other graphs, and brushing a group of points in one plot will highlight the same points in other plots. The linking can be one-to-one, or according to the values of a categorical variable in the data set.
- Moving points
- Points in a plot can be moved interactively, e.g. to gauge results from multidimensional scaling.
- Add/remove points or edges.
- Buja, A., D. Cook, and D.F. Swayne (March 1998). "XGobi: Interactive Dynamic Data Visualization in the X Window System". in: Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics 7 (1): 113–130.
- Buja, A., D.T. Lang, and D.F. Swayne (August 28, 2003). "GGobi: Evolving From XGobi into an Extensible Framework for Interactive Data Visualization". In: Journal of Computational Statistics and Data Analysis 43 (4): 423–444.
- Cook, D. and D.F. Swayne (2007). Interactive and Dynamic Graphics for Data Analysis. Springer.