GIS applications

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Geographic information systems (GIS) (also known as Geospatial information systems) are computer software and hardware systems that enable users to capture, store, analyse and manage spatially referenced data.[1] GISs have transformed the way spatial (geographic) data, relationships and patterns in the world are able to be interactively queried, processed, analysed, mapped, modelled, visualised, and displayed for an increasingly large range of users, for a multitude of purposes.[1][2][3]

Examples of GIS applications[edit]

Uses of GIS range from indigenous people, communities, research institutions, environmental scientists, health organisations, land use planners, businesses, and government agencies at all levels.[3]

Uses range from information storage; spatial pattern identification; visual presentation of spatial relationships; remote sensing - all sometimes made available through internet web interfaces, involving large numbers of users, data collectors, specialists and/or community participants.

Some examples include:

GIS Application: Crime[edit]

See Crime mapping

GIS Application: History[edit]

See Historical geographic information system

GIS Application: Hydrology[edit]

See GIS and Hydrology

GIS Application: Remote Sensing[edit]

See Remote sensing application

GIS Application: Indigenous[edit]

See Traditional knowledge gis

GIS Application: Public[edit]

See Public Participation GIS

GIS Application: Transportation Engineering[edit]

See Road Networking with GIS

Other GIS Applications[edit]

Other applications include the use of GIS techniques for Water, Wastewater and Stormwater systems, and in Solid Waste management. Networking

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Guide to Geographic Information Systems Accessed 13 March 2008
  2. ^ Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis's GIS Timeline displaying the development and grow of GIS from the 1960s to the present day Accessed 13 March 2008
  3. ^ a b Geographical Information and Technology Association web page Accessed 13 March 2008

External links[edit]

GIS Applications: General[edit]

GIS Applications: water and waste management[edit]

GIS Applications: Archaeology[edit]