GLBT Historical Society

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The GLBT Historical Society (for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Transgender Historical Society) maintains an extensive archive of materials relating to the history of LGBT people in the United States, with a focus on the LGBT communities of San Francisco and Northern California. The society also sponsors The GLBT History Museum, a stand-alone museum that has attracted international attention.[1]

Referred to as San Francisco's "queer Smithsonian,"[2] the society is one of approximately 30 LGBT archives in the United States—and is among the handful of such organizations to benefit from a paid staff and to function as a full-fledged center for exhibitions, programming, research, and production of oral histories.[3] It is recognized by the Internal Revenue Service as a tax-exempt 501(c)3 educational association and is registered with the State of California as a nonprofit corporation.

The archives, reading room and administrative offices of the GLBT Historical Society are located at 657 Mission St., Suite 300, in San Francisco's South of Market museum district. The GLBT History Museum, which serves as a separate center for exhibitions and programs, is located at 4127 18th St. in the city's Castro neighborhood.

Organizational history[edit]

Founding[edit]

The main gallery at the GLBT Historical Society headquarters at 657 Mission St., San Francisco; opening of the "Polk Street: Lives in Transition" exhibition, curated by Joey Plaster (Jan. 16, 2009).

The Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society was launched in the mid-1980s when Willie Walker, a nurse, realized that gay history was dying along with victims of the AIDS epidemic. Walker was actively involved in a private study group, the San Francisco Gay and Lesbian History Project, which included among its members a number of individuals who would go on to make major cultural contributions—among them historians Allan Bérubé and Estelle Freedman, independent scholar Jeffrey Escoffier, author and community organizer Amber Hollibaugh, and anthropologist and queer theorist Gayle Rubin.[4][5]

Each member of the Gay and Lesbian History Project was asked to develop a major project for presentation to the group; as his contribution, Walker produced a proposal for a historical society to preserve the records of Bay Area gay and lesbian history and to make this history available to the community.[5] With encouragement from the History Project, Walker and several other individuals subsequently announced a public meeting on March 16, 1985, to discuss founding a historical society.[6] Some 50 individuals attended, and they voted to form the institution initially known as the San Francisco Bay Area Gay and Lesbian Historical Society.[4][5][7]

Name changes[edit]

Over the course of its history, the Historical Society has renamed itself twice to better reflect the scope of its holdings and the range of identities and practices represented in its collections and programs. In 1990, the organization changed its name to the Gay and Lesbian Historical Society of Northern California, thus clarifying the geographical reach of its primary collections.[4][6] In 2000, responding to concerns raised by bisexual and transgender community members and their allies, the institution adopted its current name—the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society—to more clearly state the inclusive mission the society had pursued since it was founded.[4][6] In everyday usage, the institution generally employs a short form of its name: the GLBT Historical Society.

Locations[edit]

The archival collections of the Historical Society initially were housed in the living room of Walker's apartment at 3823 17th St. in San Francisco.[4][6][8] In 1990, the society moved into its own space, in the basement of the Redstone Building on 16th Street near South Van Ness—a building which also housed the gay and lesbian theater company Theater Rhinoceros.[6] The collections grew constantly, and by 1995 the Historical Society moved into a 3,700-square-foot (340 m2) space on the fourth floor of 973 Market St.[4][9]

It moved again in 2003 to a location on the third floor of a building at 657 Mission St. that also housed other cultural institutions: the Cartoon Art Museum, San Francisco Camerawork and the Catharine Clark Gallery. The 6,600-square-foot (610 m2) space included two dedicated exhibition galleries, a reading room, a large reserve for the archival collections, and several offices for staff and volunteers.[6] The society regularly used one of the galleries for presentation of history talks and panel discussions, many of which were videotaped for posting on the Web. In November 2010, in anticipation of the opening of its new GLBT History Museum, the society closed its galleries and program space at 657 Mission St., while maintaining its archives, reading room and administrative offices at that location.

Executive directors[edit]

The Historical Society has had four executive directors during the course of its history. The organization was run directly by the Board of Directors from 1985 to 1998. In 1998, the board hired the first paid executive director, Susan Stryker, Ph.D.[6] Stryker was succeeded in 2003 by an acting interim executive director, Daniel Bao, who served until the board hired Terence Kissack, Ph.D., in 2004.[6] Kissack served until the end of 2006.[10] The current executive director, Paul Boneberg, took over the post at the beginning of January 2007.[11]

Archival holdings[edit]

Section of the archival stacks at the GLBT Historical Society (Aug. 8, 2010).

The GLBT Historical Society is home to one of the largest LGBT historical archives in the United States, with more than 500 manuscript collections and nearly 200 non-manuscript collections; 70 linear feet of ephemera; approximately 4,000 periodical titles; approximately 80,000 photographs; approximately 3,000 imprinted t-shirts; approximately 5,000 posters; nearly 500 oral histories; approximately 1,000 hours of recorded sound; and approximately 1,000 hours of film and video.[12] The archives also has extensive holdings of historic textiles, works of fine and graphic arts, and artifacts.[5]

Among the noteworthy manuscript collections are more than 200 boxes of material donated by early lesbian activists Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon.[2] Lyon and Martin were cofounders of the Daughters of Bilitis, the first lesbian organization in the United States, and their papers at the society include the complete surviving office records of the organization.[13] The society's holdings also include a substantial group of administrative records from the Mattachine Society, the first enduring homosexual rights organization in the United States. The records form part of the papers of Donald S. Lucas, who served as secretary of the Mattachine Society during much of its history.[14] In addition, the society's archives house the records of José Sarria, who as a candidate in the race for the San Francisco Board of Supervisors in 1961 was the first openly gay person known to have run for elected office anywhere in the world.[15]

The society likewise holds numerous manuscript collections documenting the history of transgender individuals and movements in Northern California, including the complete papers of Lou Sullivan, founder of the pioneering female-to-male transsexual organization FTM International.[16] Holdings focused on the history of bisexuality include the typescript and research files for "Bisexuality and Androgyny: An Analysis," the 1975 master's thesis in psychology by Maggi Rubenstein, cofounder of San Francisco Sex Information and the San Francisco Bisexual Center.[17]

The GLBT Historical Society's artifacts collection includes the personal effects of Harvey Milk, the first openly gay elected official in California.[18] Milk's executors preserved a significant selection of his belongings after he was assassinated in 1978; they ultimately were inherited by the mother of Milk's former partner, Scott Smith (activist), who donated them to the GLBT Historical Society. The collection includes everyday objects such the battered, gold-painted kitchen table from Milk's apartment and several antique cameras that had been displayed at Castro Camera, his shop in San Francisco's Castro District. The collection also includes the suit, shirt, belt and shoes Milk was wearing when he was shot to death by assassin Dan White.

Searchable catalogs of the society's manuscript collections and periodicals holdings are available on the institution's website, and complete finding aids for the ephemera collections and many of the manuscript collections are available through the Online Archive of California (a project of the California Digital Library).

The "Passionate Struggle" exhibition at the GLBT Historical Society's temporary museum in the Castro neighborhood (Feb. 7, 2009).

Periodical publications[edit]

From June 1985 through November 2007, the GLBT Historical Society published 50 issues of a print newsletter. Produced at various points in its run as a bimonthly, a quarterly and an irregularly issued periodical, the publication appeared under several titles: San Francisco Bay Area Gay and Lesbian Historical Society Newsletter, Newsletter of the Gay and Lesbian Historical Society of Northern California, Our Stories and It's About Time.[19] In February 2008, the print newsletter was succeeded by an ongoing monthly electronic newsletter, History Happens.[20] In addition, the society published three issues of a twice-yearly print journal, Fabulas, which appeared in 2008–2009.

Pop-up museum (2008–2009)[edit]

From November 2008 through October 2009, the GLBT Historical Society sponsored a pop-up museum in the Castro District at the corner of 18th and Castro streets; the space featured an exhibition, "Passionate Struggle: Dynamics of San Francisco's GLBT History," that traced more than a century of the city's LGBT history using documents and artifacts from the society's collections. The exhibition was curated by Don Romesburg, assistant professor of women's and gender studies at Sonoma State University, and Amy Sueyoshi, associate professor of race and resistance studies and sexuality studies at San Francisco State University, with assistance from a curatorial committee of academics and independent scholars.[21]

Among the objects displayed were a preliminary study for the "Maestrapeace" mural on the façade of the San Francisco Women's Building, the sewing machine used by designer Gilbert Baker to create the first rainbow flag, and the suit worn by openly gay San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk when he was assassinated on Nov. 27, 1978.[22] Approximately 25,000 people from throughout the United States and around the world visited the exhibition during its 11-month run.[23]

GLBT History Museum[edit]

The GLBT History Museum in San Francisco on the evening that it opened for previews, Dec. 10, 2010.

On Dec. 10, 2010, the GLBT Historical Society opened its GLBT History Museum in the Castro District for previews. Located in a storefront at 4127 18th St. near Castro Street, the 1,600-square-foot (150 m2) space houses two historical galleries with room for public programs, a small museum shop and a reception area. The society has signed a five-year lease for the space; the extensive build-out of the museum, along with a significant discount on the monthly rent, was donated by Walgreen Company, which holds the primary lease and is using about one-quarter of the storefront to expand the operations of its adjacent satellite pharmacy.[24] The institution is believed to be the second full-scale, stand-alone GLBT history museum in the world, following the Schwules Museum in Berlin, which opened in 1985.[25]

Grand opening[edit]

The grand opening of the museum took place on the evening of Jan. 13, 2011. The newly appointed interim mayor of San Francisco, Edwin M. Lee, cut a rainbow ribbon to officially inaugurate the museum; in addition, he presented a proclamation declaring the date "GLBT History Museum Day" in San Francisco. It was Lee's first appearance as mayor at a public event. Also in attendance was Scott Wiener, newly elected as the member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors for the district including the Castro neighborhood — the seat once held by Harvey Milk — as well as openly gay Supervisor David Campos, who represents the neighboring Mission District. Other guests included pioneering lesbian activist Phyllis Lyon, novelist Armistead Maupin, photographer Daniel Nicoletta, former supervisor and then mayoral candidate Bevan Dufty, and noted drag personality Donna Sachet.[26]

The launch of the institution drew extraordinary media attention from across the United States and around the world. Thousands of newspapers, magazines, television and radio broadcasts, blogs and other outlets in at least 75 countries and 38 languages covered the opening.[1][27] U.S. media that ran stories include the Huffington Post, the Washington Post, CNN en Español, MSNBC and CBS Radio. Outside the United States, coverage included national television in Italy and Spain; radio in Belgium, Columbia and Venezuela; and newspapers and magazines such as Emarat Al Youm (United Arab Emirates), Reforma (Mexico), Tempo Magazine (Indonesia), the South China Morning Post, The Times of India and Večernji list (Croatia). Links to a sampling of stories on the museum along with the full media report are available on the museum website.[28]

Debut exhibitions[edit]

Pantsuits worn by Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon to their weddings in San Francisco in 2004 and 2008; on display at the GLBT History Museum.

The GLBT History Museum debuted with two multimedia exhibitions. In the larger main gallery, "Our Vast Queer Past: Celebrating San Francisco's GLBT History" traced more than 20 key themes in the past 100 years of the history of LGBT people and communities in San Francisco and the Bay Area. Curated by historians Gerard Koskovich, Don Romesburg and Amy Sueyoshi with help from seven associate curators, the show included more than 450 objects, photographs, documents, costumes, and film and video clips. All the materials were from the society's collections, and most had never before been displayed.[29]

Among the items in the exhibition were the 1919 honorable discharge of gay novelist Clarkson Crane, who served in World War I; the only known photograph of gay men held in the camps that the United States created for the Japanese-American internment during World War II; documents reflecting the life of female-to-male transsexual organizer and author Lou Sullivan (1950–1991); an extravagant 1983 gown worn by San Francisco drag personality the Baroness Eugenia von Dieckoff (1920–1988); and photographs, flyers and t-shirts from the lesbian sex wars of the 1980s-1990s.[30]

In the smaller front gallery, "Great Collections From the GLBT Historical Society Archives," curated by Historical Society Executive Director Paul Boneberg, offered an introduction to the kinds of materials collected by the society. Among the items on display were a distinctive example of the society's collection of textiles: the pantsuits that Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon wore to their wedding during San Francisco's "Winter of Love" in 2004 and again in 2008 when they became the first couple to wed during the brief period when the state's high court legalized same-sex marriage in California. On exhibit as examples of the society's artifacts collections were personal belongings of Harvey Milk. In addition, the show included examples from the society's collections of ephemera; posters; periodicals; photographs; oral history interviews; and film, video and recorded sound.[31]

Changing exhibitions[edit]

Visitors viewing "Life and Death in Black and White: AIDS Direct Action in San Francisco, 1985–1990" in the Front Gallery of The GLBT History Museum (March 2012).

The debut show in the front gallery of the museum closed at the end of February 2012; the museum then launched a program of periodically changing exhibitions in the space.

The first of these shows opened in early March 2012: "Life and Death in Black and White: AIDS Direct Action in San Francisco, 1985–1990." The exhibition focused on the work of five photographers — Jane Philomen Cleland, Patrick Clifton, Marc Geller, Rick Gerharter and Daniel Nicoletta — who used the medium of black-and-white film to document the emergence of militant protests in response to the AIDS epidemic in San Francisco.[32] The Bay Area Reporter characterized the show as "a concise, laser-focused exhibition ... of 17 carefully selected black-and-white photographs," adding that it "distills the tenor of those times and provides a microcosm of what was at stake as the federal government, either out of obliviousness, callousness, prejudice or a combination of all three, turned a blind eye and deaf ear to the proliferation and devastating impact of the disease."[33]

The Huffington Post review noted that "the exhibition highlights the pain, the rage and the bravery involved in the fight for AIDS awareness. The crisp and clean black and white photos bring a feeling of control and simplicity to a time of chaos, when an unnamed disease targeted half of the city's gay men and government agencies seemed incapable of listening. Yet in the darkest times come the brightest inspirations, as thousands of San Franciscans rose to the challenge and fought for their voices to be heard. The striking images capture protestors, students and policemen, chanting, fighting and just living their lives. In a way it is hard to believe these photos were taken so recently, from 1985-1990. And yet the photographs are good reminders of the fights we are still facing today, from marriage equality to the Occupy movement. These activists showed that civil disobedience can impact political outcomes."[34]

In addition to the larger shows in its main and front galleries, The GLBT History Museum mounts temporary exhibits displayed for approximately one month each, most consisting of a single display case devoted to a timely topic or significant anniversary in San Francisco LGBT history. Eight such temporary exhibits took place during 2011.[35]

Group tours[edit]

As part of its educational mission, The GLBT History Museum offers group tours led by trained volunteer docents and occasionally by the exhibition curators. According to the museum home page, any group of 10 or more people may book a guided tour by making an appointment at least two weeks in advance.[36] The tours have been especially popular with professors and teachers who bring their classes and with student organizations including gay-straight alliance groups from junior high schools and high schools. In its first 18 months of operation, the museum reported that it had given guided tours for more than 50 classes and student groups, including the GSA from Aragon High School in San Mateo, Calif.; classes from San Francisco State University; students from the San Francisco Police Academy; and Japanese medical students.[37]

Funding[edit]

Funding for the museum has come from presenting sponsor Levi's (Levi Strauss & Co.); the City and County of San Francisco; Starbucks; the Bob Ross Foundation; neighborhood merchants such as Badlands, Harvey's restaurant and bar, and Toad Hall; and numerous individual donors.[38][39][40]

Hours & admission[edit]

The GLBT History Museum is open Monday through Saturday, 11 a.m. to 7 p.m.; Sunday, noon to 5 p.m. General admission is $5.00; $3.00 for students with California student ID; free for members of the GLBT Historical Society. The first Wednesday of each month, admission is free for all visitors courtesy of a sponsorship by the Bob Ross Foundation.[41]

Associated projects[edit]

To expand public access to its archival holdings and historical programs, the GLBT Historical Society has sponsored a number of associated projects:

  • In 1991, in partnership with the University of California, Berkeley, the society published a microfilm edition of a broad selection of scarce newsletters, magazines and newspapers from its periodicals collection.[42]
  • In 1999, the society launched an annual series of exhibitions known as "Making a Case for Community History." Under the guidance of exhibitions coordinator Paul Gabriel, the project brought together advisory groups from diverse LGBT communities and organizations in San Francisco to curate historical displays sponsored by the society in a variety of public spaces during San Francisco Pride celebrations in June. The first "Making a Case" exhibition was shown in the mezzanine of the Castro Theatre during the International LGBT Film Festival (Frameline) in the last two weeks of June 1999, then in a tent pavilion on the lawn in front of City Hall in San Francisco Civic Center on the Saturday and Sunday of the Pride festival. The exhibition included separate cases representing Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders; African Americans; Latinos/as; bears—see "bear (gay culture)"; the transgender community; and the leather subculture and SM community.[43] Subsequent "Making a Case" exhibitions were mounted in 2000 and 2001.
  • In 2004 and 2005, further microfilm editions of the society's periodicals holdings were published by Primary Source Media, an imprint of the Gale educational publishing house.[44]
  • In 2006, the society created its own YouTube channel for the purpose of disseminating film and video from its holdings, as well as videos of its historical programs. Among the materials posted are films from the Harold O'Neal collection of home movies documenting Bay Area gay life from the late 1930s through the mid-1980s.[45]
  • In 2007, the society created an account on the online photo-sharing site Flickr to publish historical images from its holdings and photographs of its programs and events.
  • In 2008, the society established a regularly updated page on Facebook. More than 10,000 people had liked the page by early July 2013.[46]
  • In 2009, the society launched an online searchable database of the obituaries and death notices that have appeared in the leading San Francisco LGBT weekly, the Bay Area Reporter, starting with the first such article published in the newspaper in 1979; many of the obituaries reflect the catastrophic toll of the AIDS epidemic in San Francisco from the early 1980s through the late 1990s.[47] The society regularly updates the site to include newly published obituaries from the BAR; as of late November 2012, the database included 10,344 listings.[48]
  • In 2010, the society launched a project to create and post online digital files from its holdings of recorded sound; dubbed the "Gayback Machine", the initiative debuted with recordings of more than 250 hours of content from weekly Bay Area gay radio programs produced by journalist Randy Alfred from 1973 to 1984.[49][50]
  • In November 2013, the society launched a historic preservation project funded by the Historic Preservation Fund Committee of the City and County of San Francisco to document sites associated with gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender history in San Francisco.[51] According to the society's newsletter, "The project is expected to take more than a year.... The outcome will be a historic context statement, a document used by advocates and city planners. A similar project is underway in Los Angeles. When both are complete, the two municipalities will have the first citywide LGBT historic context statements in the United States."[52]

Awards, honors & media recognition[edit]

The GLBT Historical Society—and since 2011, its GLBT History Museum—have received a number of awards and honors. Following is a small sample:

  • The GLBT Historical Society is voted "Best Local Nonprofit" in the 2010 "Best of the Bay" readers poll conducted by the San Francisco Bay Guardian, a weekly alternative newspaper published in San Francisco.[53]
  • The GLBT Historical Society and the GLBT History Museum are elected Local Organizational Grand Marshal of the 2011 San Francisco LGBT Pride Parade and Celebration (San Francisco Pride). The parade took place on June 26, 2011; Historical Society board chairs Andrew Jolivette and Amy Sueyoshi rode in a 1940 black Cadillac provided by the Freewheelers Car Club; approximately two dozen society and museum volunteers and supporters marched behind the car carrying a banner for the museum.[55]
  • The GLBT History Museum is honored by the editors for "Best Queer Exhibitionism" in the "City Living" section of the 2011 "Best of the Bay" issue of the San Francisco Bay Guardian: "The first of its kind in the U.S., the sleek storefront gallery may be small, but it packs a huge emotional and educational punch.... The museum's lavender arsenal has ripped the lid off the often-obscured queer past, and attracted tens of thousands of curious visitors (Britney Spears among them)."[56]
  • Lugares, a nationally distributed travel magazine in Argentina, lists The GLBT History Museum as one of its "hot spots of San Francisco" in an article posted online in July 2011.[57]
  • CNN features The GLBT History Museum in its August 2012 "Best of San Francisco" coverage, characterizing the museum as "an intimate, handcrafted experience located in San Francisco’s historically gay neighborhood, The Castro."[58]
  • The San Francisco Weekly names The GLBT History Museum one of San Francisco's "Top 10 Offbeat Museums" in its Sept. 20, 2012, issue.[59]
  • The Huffington Post lists the GLBT Historical Society as one of "the best LGBT history archives in the U.S." in a feature posted on Oct. 23, 2012.[60]
  • The online magazine Queerty and sister site GayCities.com list The GLBT History Museum as one of "49 reasons to love San Francisco" in July 2013.[61]
  • Out Traveler magazine names The GLBT History Museum to its list of the five "best social justice museums" in the United States in July 2013.[62]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b GLBT Historical Society (2011-02-22). "Worldwide Media Coverage of San Francisco's GLBT History Museum." Retrieved 2011-02-23.
  2. ^ a b Marech, Rona (2005-01-29). "Treasure trove of gay and lesbian artifacts: 'Queer Smithsonian' in S.F. celebrates its 20th anniversary". San Francisco Chronicle. p. A-1. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  3. ^ Koskovich, Gerard (2008). "Libraries and archives". In Hawley, John. LGBTQ America Today: An Encyclopedia 2. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. pp. 684–691. ISBN 978-0-313-33992-9. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Wakimoto, Diana Kiyo (2012). Queer Community Archives in California Since 1950 (Brisbane, Australia: Queensland University of Technology; Ph.D. dissertation in information systems), chapter 5, "'There Really Is a Sense That This Is Our Space': The History of the GLBT Historical Society." Retrieved 2012-08-18.
  5. ^ a b c d Koskovich, Gérard (2006). "La GLBT Historical Society de San Francisco". Triangul'ère. pp. 48–63. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h GLBT Historical Society (2005-09-29). "GLBT Historical Society 20th anniversary gala" [program brochure] (San Francisco: GLBT Historical Society).
  7. ^ Meeker, Martin (1999). "Archives Review: The Gay and Lesbian Historical Society of Northern California". Journal of Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Identity. pp. 1–2. 
  8. ^ The exact address is noted in the administrative files of the GLBT Historical Society; see GLHS Records, carton 1, folder: "Pre-GLHS Collections of Greg Pennington & Bill Walker."
  9. ^ "LAGAR Newsletter: Gay, Lesbian Historical Society of Northern California". Society of American Archivists. December 1999, No. 19. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  10. ^ "Fond farewell from society board". Bay Area Reporter. 2007-01-25. Retrieved 2012-01-22. 
  11. ^ Bajko, Matthew S. (2010-04-01). "History a passion, not profession, for new historical society director". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 2012-01-21. 
  12. ^ GLBT Historical Society (2012-06). "The GLBT Historical Society Archives in 2012" (one-page fact sheet); retrieved 2012-06-25.
  13. ^ GLBT Historical Society. "Guide to the Phyllis Lyon and Del Martin Papers, 1924–2000 (Collection No. 1993-13)"; Online Archive of California; retrieved 2011-09-30.
  14. ^ GLBT Historical Society. "Guide to the Donald Stewart Lucas Papers, 1941–1998 (Collection No. 1997-25)"; Online Archive of California; retrieved 2011-09-30.
  15. ^ Coe, Alexis (2013-03-31). "Recent acquisitions: Gay icon, performer and "empress" José Sarria". San Francisco Weekly. 
  16. ^ GLBT Historical Society."Guide to the Louis Graydon Sullivan Papers, 1755–1991 (bulk 1961–1991) (Collection No. 1991-07)"; Online Archive of California; retrieved 2011-10-17.
  17. ^ GLBT Historical Society, Maggi Rubenstein Papers (Collection No. 2000-68); see the searchable online catalog of the society's archival collections.
  18. ^ Gordon, Larry (2008-11-30). "On film and in exhibits, a full picture of Milk". Los Angeles Times. 
  19. ^ See the listings under San Francisco Bay Area Gay & Lesbian Historical Society Newsletter in the online periodicals catalog of the GLBT Historical Society.
  20. ^ The current issue is available via a link on the home page of the GLBT Historical Society website.
  21. ^ Romesburg, Don, and Amy Sueyoshi (2008-Winter). "Passionate Struggle: Dynamics of San Francisco's GLBT History" (exhibition catalog); published in Fabulas: The Journal of the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society: pp. 1-17.
  22. ^ Bajko, Matthew (2008-12-04). "Gay history museum opens in Castro". Bay Area Reporter. 
  23. ^ Amster, Joseph (2009-10-15). "A successful first year for Passionate Struggle exhibit". San Francisco Bay Times. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  24. ^ Bajko, Matthew S. (2010-04-01). "Walgreens signs lease with Historical Society". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 2010-05-16. 
  25. ^ GLBT Historical Society Media Release (2011-01-12). "First GLBT History Museum in the United States announces grand opening for January 13." Retrieved 2011-01-23.
  26. ^ McMillan, Dennis (2011-01-20). "Grand opening of first GLBT museum draws hundreds". San Francisco Bay Times. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  27. ^ Gutterman, Lauren Jae (2012-01-12). “AHA 2012: The Pleasures and Perils of LGBTQ Public History”; website of the Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender History; retrieved 2012-02-27.
  28. ^ "The GLBT History Museum Attracts Worldwide Media"; website of the GLBT Historical Society; retrieved 2011-10-06.
  29. ^ Koskovich, Gerard (2011-01-11). "First GLBT History Museum in the United States opens in San Francisco's Castro district"; posted on Dot429.com; retrieved 2011-01-14.
  30. ^ Ming, Dan (2010-09-13). "Visit the nation's first queer museum". Bay Citizen Blog. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  31. ^ Bajko, Matthew S. (2010-12-09). "Castro LGBT museum reopens". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 2010-12-30. 
  32. ^ GLBT Historical Society Media Release (2012-02-29). "New photography exhibition at GLBT History Museum focuses on history of AIDS activism". Retrieved 2012-03-02.
  33. ^ Wood, Sura (2012-03-21). "Rhapsody in AIDS activism: New exhibit at the GLBT History Museum explores our past". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 2012-03-22. 
  34. ^ "'Life and Death in Black and White: AIDS Direct Action in San Francisco' at The GLBT History Museum". Huffington Post. 2012-03-23. Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  35. ^ GLBT Historical Society (2011-12). "The GLBT Historical Society & GLBT History Museum in 2011"; four-page PDF posted on the website of the GLBT Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
  36. ^ GLBT Historical Society. "About the GLBT History Museum"; GLBT Historical Society website. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
  37. ^ "Back to School: September Kicks Off New Season of Docent Tours for Student Groups". History Happens. September 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-01. 
  38. ^ See the list of sponsors and donors on the museum home page.
  39. ^ Bajko, Matthew (2012-06-14). "Political Notes: Starbucks, bank encounter hurdles for Castro stores". Bay Area Reporter.  Retrieved 2012-09-02.
  40. ^ "About: Thanks to our community," website of Harvey's Restaurant and Bar (San Francisco). Retrieved 2012-09-02.
  41. ^ GLBT Historical Society, "About the GLBT History Museum"; GLBT Historical Society website. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
  42. ^ Walker, Bill (1991). San Francisco Bay Area Gay and Lesbian Serials: A guide to the microfilm collection (Berkeley, Calif.: University of California).
  43. ^ Dougan, Michael (1999-06-24). "Gay history on display at Pride parade exhibit moves to Civic Center Plaza". San Francisco Examiner. 
  44. ^ Gay Rights Movement—Series 8: Gay and lesbian politics and social activism: Selected periodicals and newsletters from the holdings of the GLBT Historical Society (Woodbridge, Conn.: Primary Source Microfilm, 2004), 106 reels; and Gay Rights Movement—Series 9: Gay and lesbian community, support and spirit: Selected newspapers and periodicals from the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Historical Society (Woodbridge, Conn.: Primary Source Microfilm, 2005), 67 reels.
  45. ^ "GLBT Historical Society offers archival footage on YouTube". The Advocate. 2006-06-20. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  46. ^ See the page at Facebook.com/GLBTHistory.
  47. ^ Hemmelgarn, Seth (2009-11-26). "B.A.R. obituaries go online". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 2010-12-30. 
  48. ^ Hemmelgarn, Seth (2012-11-29). "News: Obituary site sees milestone". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 2012-12-09. 
  49. ^ Bowers, Keith (2011-04-05). "GLBT History Museum puts radio archives online with its 'Gayback Machine'". San Francisco Weekly: Exhibitionist Blog. Retrieved 2011-04-05. 
  50. ^ "Four Questions for John Raines: Preserving 75 Years of GLBT Life in Sights and Sounds". History Happens. February 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-27. 
  51. ^ Bajko, Matthew S. (2013-10-24). "LGBT History Month: Project looks to survey SF's LGBT past". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 2013-11-02. 
  52. ^ "Historical Society launches heritage project: Community workshop to pinpoint historic sites". History Happens. November 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-02. 
  53. ^ "Best of the Bay 2010 readers poll: city living". San Francisco Bay Guardian. 2010-07-27. Retrieved 2011-06-26. 
  54. ^ Alice B. Toklas Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Democratic Club (2010-10-14). "Alice’s 2010 fall awards ceremony: Honoring those who build and protect our community"; announcement on club website; accessed 2011-06-26.
  55. ^ Hemmelgarn, Seth (2011-04-21). "Diverse group selected as Pride grand marshals". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 2011-06-26. 
  56. ^ "Best of the Bay 2011 editors picks: city living". San Francisco Bay Guardian. 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2011-07-27. 
  57. ^ Manzzinghi, Eugenio (July 2011). "Hot spots de San Francisco". Lugares. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  58. ^ Wright, Andy (2012-08-06). "Insider Guide: Best of San Francisco". CNN Go. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  59. ^ Coe, Alexis (2012-09-20). "San Francisco's Top 10 Offbeat Museums". San Francisco Weekly. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  60. ^ Miner, Phillip (2012-10-23). "A few of the best LGBT history archives in the U.S.". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
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