GM Family 0 engine
Family 0 engine in an Opel Adam
|Also called||Family Zero|
|Cylinder block alloy||Cast iron|
|Cylinder head alloy||Aluminium|
|Valvetrain||Dual overhead cam|
|Oil system||Wet sump|
|Successor||Small Gasoline Engine|
The Family 0 engines are produced in Aspern (Austria), Bupyeong (Korea) and Flint (Michigan, USA).
|X10XE||1.0 L (973 cc)||I3||72.5 mm (2.9 in)||78.6 mm (3.1 in)||40 kW (55 PS)||82 N·m (60 lb·ft) at 2800 rpm|
|Z10XE||43 kW (58 PS)||85 N·m (63 lb·ft)|
|X12XE||1.2 L (1199 cc)||I4||72.6 mm (2.9 in)||10.1:1||48 kW (65 PS) at 5600 rpm||110 N·m (81 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm|
|Z12XE||55 kW (75 PS) at 5600 rpm||110 N·m (81 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm|
New, updated version of the engine, introduced in 2003. Features TwinPort technology - twin intake ports with a choke closing one of the ports at low RPM, providing strong air swirl pattern for higher torque levels and better fuel economy.
|Z10XEP||1.0 L (998 cc)||I3||73.4 mm (2.9 in)||78.6 mm (3.1 in)||10.5:1||44 kW (59 hp) at 5600 rpm||88 N·m (65 lb·ft) at 3800 rpm|
|Z12XEP||1.2 L (1229 cc)||I4||72.6 mm (2.9 in)||59 kW (79 hp) at 5600 rpm||110 N·m (81 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm|
|Z14XEP||1.4 L (1364 cc)||80.6 mm (3.2 in)||66 kW (89 hp) at 5600 rpm||125 N·m (92 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm|
The EcoFlex engine is a version of the TwinPort tuned to provide better fuel economy and lower emissions. The 1.4 L engine was introduced in 2008 and 1.0 L engine in 2010.
|A10XEP (LDB)||1.0 L (998 cc)||I3||73.4 mm (2.9 in)||78.6 mm (3.1 in)||10.5:1||48 kW (64 hp) at 5300 rpm||90 N·m (66 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm|
For model year 2012, the EcoFlex engines have been updated with double cam phasing (DCVCP) in a Gen III block.
|A12XEL (LWD)||1.2 L (1229 cc)||I4||73.4 mm (2.9 in)||72.6 mm (2.9 in)||10.5:1||51 kW (68 hp) at 5600 rpm||115 N·m (85 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm|
|A12XER (LDC)||62 kW (83 hp) at 5600 rpm|
|A14XEL (L2Z)||1.4 L (1398 cc)||82.6 mm (3.3 in)||64 kW (86 hp) at 6000 rpm||130 N·m (96 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm|
|A14XER (LDD)||74 kW (99 hp) at 6000 rpm|
|A14XFL (LUU)||63 kW (84 hp) at 4800 rpm|
- 2011 Opel/Vauxhall Corsa
- 2011 Opel/Vauxhall Astra
- 2011 Opel/Vauxhall Agila B
- 2011 Chevrolet Volt/Opel/Vauxhall Ampera
- 2012 Chevrolet Aveo/Sonic
- 2013 Opel Adam
- 2014 Cadillac ELR
Opel and US-market Chevrolet versions of the Delta II platform compact cars use a turbocharged version of the 1.4 L engine with double variable cam phasing (DCVCP); in the future, an optional gasoline direct injection system will be introduced. Opel versions feature Start&Stop system from 2011 and a Gen III block; a lower-power 120 ps version has been introduced as well. For MY 2013, the overboost to 220 Nm has been added.
|Name||Displacement||Configuration||Bore||Stroke||Compression Ratio||Power||Torque||Overboost Torque|
|A14NEL (LUH)||1.4 L (1364 cc)||I4||72.5 mm (2.85 in)||82.6 mm (3.3 in)||9.5:1||88 kW (118.0 hp) at 4800-6000 rpm||200 N·m (148 lb·ft) at 1850-4200 rpm||220 N·m (162 lb·ft)|
|A14NET (LUJ)||103 kW (138.1 hp) at 4900-6000 rpm||200 N·m (148 lb·ft) at 1850-4900 rpm|
|(LUV)||103 kW (138.1 hp) at 4900 rpm||200 N·m (148 lb·ft) at 1850 or 2500 rpm|
- 2009–present Opel/Vauxhall Astra J
- 2010–present Opel/Vauxhall Meriva B
- 2011–present Opel/Vauxhall Zafira Tourer
- 2011–present Chevrolet Cruze
- 2012–present Chevrolet Sonic
- 2013–present Buick Encore
At Tech Show Torino 2008, GM Powertrain Europe announced the ignition-less HCCI (Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition) mode of the direct injection version of 1.4 L VVT turbocharged engine. HCCI version is equipped with two-step adjustable valve lift with variable cam phasing and advanced ECU with cylinder pressure sensors, uses lean burn cycle similar to that of a diesel engine, and is claimed to further reduce fuel consumption by 15%.
- GM Small Gasoline Engine
- Daewoo S-TEC engine
- GM Family II engine
- GM Family 1 engine
- List of GM engines
- General Motors Europe (May 2008). "A Look Into the Future of Engines and Transmissions". New 1.4 Turbo.
- General Motors Europe (May 2008). "A Look Into the Future of Engines and Transmissions". CONTROLLED AUTO-IGNITION HCCI.
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