GNK Dinamo Zagreb

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GNK Dinamo Zagreb
Dinamo-Zagreb.png
Full name Građanski nogometni klub Dinamo Zagreb
Nickname(s) Modri (The Blues)
Founded 9 June 1945 (disputed)[1][2][3][4]
Ground Stadion Maksimir
Ground Capacity 35,123[5]
Chairman Zdravko Mamić
Manager Zoran Mamić
League Prva HNL
2012–13 1st
Website Club home page
Home colours
Away colours
Third colours
Current season

GNK Dinamo Zagreb, commonly referred to as Dinamo Zagreb (pronounced [dinamo zâːɡreb]), or by their nickname Modri ("The Blues") are a Croatian football club based in Zagreb. They play their home matches at Stadion Maksimir. They are the most successful club in Croatian football, having won fifteen Croatian championship titles, twelve Croatian Cups and four Croatian Supercups. The club has spent its entire existence in top flight, having been members of the Yugoslav First League from 1946 to 1991, and then the Croatian First League since its foundation in 1992.

Dinamo Zagreb was founded on 9 June 1945 in order to replace the three very popular Zagreb football clubs (HAŠK, Građanski and Concordia) which had been disbanded following the end of World War II. Dinamo entered the Yugoslav First League in its inaugural 1946–47 season, finishing as runners-up. In their second season in Yugoslav top flight in 1947–48 they finished as Yugoslav champions which was their first major trophy. The club won three more league titles and seven Yugoslav Cups before they left the Yugoslav league in 1991 amid the breakup of Yugoslavia and formation of the Croatian football league system. Dinamo are also the only Croatian club with European silverware, having won the 1966–67 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup by defeating Leeds United in the final. They also finished runners-up in the same competition in 1963 when they lost to Valencia.

Until the early 1990s its foundation year was considered to be 1945 but amid political turmoil during the breakup of Yugoslavia the club began claiming direct lineage to pre-WWII clubs Građanski Zagreb and HAŠK. In order to reflect this in June 1991 it was renamed HAŠK Građanski, which lasted until February 1993 when it was renamed Croatia Zagreb. They won five league titles and participated in the 1998–99 and 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League group stages carrying that name before reverting to Dinamo Zagreb in February 2000. Although the subject was dropped for a while, in 2011 club management increasingly began claiming that Dinamo is the direct descendant of Građanski (which had originally been founded in 1911 and disbanded in 1945) and in April that year decided to append the adjective "Građanski" to the club's official name, turning it into the present-day GNK Dinamo Zagreb (Građanski nogometni klub Dinamo Zagreb or "Dinamo Zagreb Citizens' Football Club").

The team's traditional colour is royal blue, which has been replaced for European matches in recent times with the darker navy blue. The club's biggest rivals are Hajduk Split, and matches between the two teams are referred to as "Eternal derby". Dinamo are currently reigning Croatian league champions having won their eighth consecutive Prva HNL title in the 2012–13 season.

History[edit]

Origins and early years (1945–1966)[edit]

In the immediate aftermath of World War II the three most successful Zagreb-based clubs (HAŠK, Građanski and Concordia) were all disbanded by a decree issued by the communist authorities in May 1945. In order to replace them, a new sports society called FD Dinamo (Croatian: Fiskulturno društvo Dinamo) was founded on 9 June 1945. The new club inherited Građanski's colors and fan base, with most of Građanski's players continuing their careers at Dinamo. In the first few years the club played their home matches at Građanski's old ground Stadion Koturaška, but soon moved to former HAŠK's old ground at Stadion Maksimir. In addition, former manager of Građanski Márton Bukovi was appointed as Dinamo's first manager. The most notable Građanski players who joined Dinamo upon its formation were August Lešnik, Mirko Kokotović and Franjo Wölfl. Of the HAŠK players that joined Dinamo, the regulars in the first team soon became Ratko Kacian, Željko Čajkovski, Svetozar Peričić and Dragutin Lojen.

Following its formation, the club entered Yugoslav First League in its first season after the World War II hiatus. In their debut Dinamo finished in second place, 5 points behind champions Partizan. Dinamo won their first silverware in the 1947–48 season, finishing first–placed in the Yugoslav championship with 5 points ahead of Hajduk Split and Partizan. In the 1951 season the club finished second–placed in the league, but compensated with their first ever Yugoslav Cup title, after they defeated Vojvodina 4–0 in the two–legged final. Dinamo later added three more cup titles (in 1960, 1963 and 1965) and two championship wins (in 1953–54 and 1957–58). In addition, they were also cup runners–up on three occasions (in 1950, 1964 and 1966). Dinamo first entered European competitions in the preliminary round of the 1958–59 European Cup, but were knocked out by the Czechoslovak side Dukla Prague. The club then had some success in the 1960–61 European Cup Winners' Cup, as they managed to reach the semi-finals where they lost to Italian side Fiorentina. They have also competed in the 1961–62 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, but failed to progress beyond the second round in which they were knocked out by Barcelona. However, in the 1962–63 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup Dinamo managed to reach the final, but lost 4–1 on aggregate to Spanish side Valencia. The campaign included a sensational win against European giants Bayern Munich in the quarter-finals of the competition. In the 1963–64 European Cup Winners' Cup they made an early exit in the first round after a defeat to Scottish side Celtic. During this period many of Dinamo's star players were also integral part of the Yugoslavia national team, including Željko Čajkovski, Zlatko Škorić, Krasnodar Rora, Denijal Pirić, Dražan Jerković, Ivica Horvat, Slaven Zambata and Rudolf Belin.

Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (1966–1967)[edit]

Three Yugoslav clubs went on to participate in the 1966–67 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, but they were knocked–out early in the competition, excluding Dinamo who went on to become the first ever Yugoslavian team that won a European competition. In the first round Dinamo played against Spartak Brno and after the aggregate score was 2–2, coin was flipped in order to determine the winner. Dinamo was through to the second round, where they were drawn against Scottish side Dunfermline. For the first time in the history of the cup the away goals rule were introduced, which helped Dinamo to qualify for the third round after the aggregate score was 4–4 (2–0 at home and 2–4 away). On their road to finals they defeated Romanian side Dinamo Piteşti, Italian powerhouse Juventus and German side Eintracht Frankfurt. In the finals the club was draw to play its first match at Maksimir against Leeds United. Dinamo won 2–0 in front of the 33 thousand fans with Marijan Čerček and Krasnodar Rora scoring, which was enough to secure the title as the match at Elland Road finished 0–0.[6]

Post–European success era (1967–2000)[edit]

Dinamo closed the successful sixties with Yugoslav Cup title in the 1969 and quarterfinals of the 1969–70 Cup Winners' Cup competition. Unfortunately, the success didn't follow the club to the new decade, as they failed to win a single trophy throughout the 1970s. The club participated in three more seasons of Inter-Cities Fairs Cup before it was replaced with UEFA Cup, but failed to make any impact. Dinamo took part of the initial UEFA Cup season, but lost in the second round of the competition to Rapid Vienna on away goals rule. The club entered the UEFA Cup on seven more occasions (in 1976, 1977, 1979, 1988, 1989, 1990 and 1992) but never repeated success from the sixties. Finally, at the start of the 1980s, Dinamo won their sixth Yugoslav Cup title, defeating Red Star Belgrade 2–1 on aggregate result. They qualified for the 1980–81 Cup Winners' Cup, but lost already in first round to Benfica. In 1982 Dinamo sealed their fourth Yugoslav championship. In 1983 they won their seventh Yugoslav Cup which was the club's last trophy in the SFR Yugoslavia. After Benfica, another Portuguese club sealed Dinamo's European season, this time in 1982–83 European Cup when they lost to Sporting CP. They played in 1983–84 Cup Winners' Cup season and were eliminated, again, by Portuguese side Porto. The club didn't have any success in the second part of the 1980s, except two consecutive second–places in Yugoslavian championship in 1989 and 1990.

1990s and the Croatia Zagreb era[edit]

After the SFR Yugoslavia was dissolved, Dinamo took part in creating the Croatian Football League and the initial season was played in 1992. The same year club controversially changed its name to HAŠK Građanski, and another name change followed in 1993, when the club was renamed to Croatia Zagreb. The name change was widely seen as a political move by the leadership of then newly independent Croatia, with the goal of distancing the club from its Communist past. As the name change was also never accepted by their supporters, the club renamed themselves back to Dinamo on 14 February 2000. As Croatia Zagreb, the club has won six Croatian championships, of which five were won in a row from 1996 to 2000. Zvonimir Boban, Davor Šuker .They've also won four Croatian Cup titles.[7]

In the late 1990s, the club played two consecutive seasons in the UEFA Champions League group stage. In the 1998–99 season, they were drawn in a group with Ajax, Olympiacos and Porto. After disappointing performances in the first three matches in which they managed to draw against Ajax at home and lost their away matches against Olympiacos and Porto, they performed well in the remaining three matches, beating Porto at home and Ajax away, and drawing to Olympiacos at home. However, they failed to advance to the quarterfinals as a second–placed team behind Olympiacos. In the 1999–2000 season, they were drawn in a group with defending champions Manchester United, Marseille and Sturm Graz, but managed only a fourth–place finish in the group with two draws and one win. They most notably held Manchester United to a goalless draw at Old Trafford in their opening Champions League match that season. The club also competed in two consecutive seasons of UEFA Cup. In 1996 they were knocked–out in the second round, while in the 1998 they managed to reach the third round, but lost to Atlético Madrid 2–1 on aggregate score. Dražen Ladić, Dario Šimić, Tomislav Rukavina,Damir Krznar, Stjepan Tomas,Josip Šimić, Goran Jurić,Krunoslav Jurčić, Silvio Marić, Ardian Kozniku, Robert Prosinečki, Igor Cvitanović, Mark Viduka, Mario Cvitanović, Igor Bišćan.

Recent years (2000–present)[edit]

The club subsequently participated five times in the third qualifying round of the Champions League, in 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007 and 2008. However, they played against Milan, Dynamo Kyiv, Arsenal, Werder Bremen, Shakhtar Donetsk and failed to win a single match, losing 6–1 on aggregate to Milan, 5–1 on aggregate to Dynamo Kiev, Shakhtar Donetsk and Arsenal and 5–3 on aggregate to Werder Bremen. Since the qualifying rounds format changed, Dinamo was unable to get through to the play–off round, losing 3–2 on aggregate to FC Red Bull Salzburg in 2009. Before the UEFA Cup group stage phase was introduced, Dinamo's best success in the competition was reaching the second round of the competition on three occasions. They were able to reach the group stages in 2004–05, 2007–08 and 2008–09, but failed to secure qualification to round of 32. UEFA then introduced Europa League competition which had slightly changed format compared to that of the UEFA Cup. Dinamo was able to qualify for the group stage of the initial 2009–10 Europa League season, after beating Scottish side Hearts 4–2 on aggregate. In domestic competitions the club was able to secure five league titles and won the Croatian Cup on six occasions. They have also won four Croatian Supercups. The club has also produced many footballing talents that represented Croatia on the international level in the 2000s. The most notable are Luka Modrić, Eduardo, Vedran Ćorluka, Niko Kranjčar and Tomislav Butina. Dinamo once again qualified for the Europa League in 2010–2011 finishing third in group D behind PAOK Thessaloniki and Villarreal C.F. and ahead of Club Brugge K.V.. Dinamo was very close to finishing second after wins against Villarreal at home (2–0) and Club Brugge K.V. away (0–2) but failed to win in their last game against PAOK at home (lost 0–1) and thus failed to qualify for the next stage. Dinamo managed to reach the group stage of the Champions League in 2011 after beating Neftçi PFC Baku (3–0 at home, 0–0 away), HJK Helsinki (2–1 away, 1–0 at home) and Malmö FF (4–1 at home, lost 2–0 away). They were drawn in group D alongside Real Madrid, Olympique Lyonnais and AFC Ajax. Dinamo finished last in the group stage, with a -19 goal difference and 22 goals conceded, which makes this the worst performance ever in Champions League history. They lost both matches against all teams - Real Madrid (0-1 at home, 6-2 away), Lyon (1-7 at home, 2-0 away) and Ajax (0-2 at home, 4-0 away). The only highlight of the campaign being two late consolation goals in the final match of the group at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, the only goals Real Madrid conceded in that group. The following season, Dinamo once again managed to qualify for the Champions League group stage after defeating PFC Ludogorets Razgrad, Sheriff Tiraspol and NK Maribor. They were drawn in group A alongside FC Porto, Dynamo Kyiv and Paris Saint Germain. They failed to reach the next stage after recording 1 point and a -13 goal difference with their best result a 1-1 draw with Dynamo Kyiv at the Stadion Maksimir.

Honours[edit]

Dinamo Zagreb's tally of 15 Prva HNL (Croatian championship) titles is the highest in Croatian football.[8] They were runners-up in the league three times, and only on four occasions have they concluded a season of Prva HNL finishing out of the top two places in the final standings.[9] The team is also the most successful Croatian Cup competitor, appearing so far in 16 of the cup's 23 staged finals, 12 of which they ended up winning.[10] On top of that, they qualified for eight Croatian Supercups and won the event five times. This makes them, along with Hajduk Split, a joint record holder in the number of Croatian Supercup appearances and titles.[11] Furthermore, the team managed to achieve The Double eight times, being both the Prva HNL champions and the Croatian Cup winners from 1996 to 1998, again from 2007 to 2009, and most recently from 2011 to 2012.[12]

During the time Dinamo Zagreb competed in the Yugoslav football league system, they were Yugoslav First League champions four times,[13] which made them the sixth most successful team in the history of the competition.[14] They also achieved a second-place finish in the Yugoslav championship a total of 11 times.[15] The team had won 7 out of the 43 Yugoslav Cup editions and had also finished 8 times as runners-up.[16] Overall, the club won 43 official domestic titles and 2 competitive international tournaments, the 1966–67 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup[17] and the 1976 Balkans Cup,[18] making it a grand total of 45 titles won.[19]

Graffiti in Zagreb commemorating the club's 1966–67 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup winning generation

Domestic competitions[edit]

Croatian football league system (1991–present)[edit]

Champions (15) (record): 1992–93, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2002–03, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13
Runners-up (3): 1994–95, 2000–01, 2003–04
Winners (12) (record): 1993–94, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1997–98, 2000–01, 2001–02, 2003–04, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2011–12
Runners-up (4): 1992, 1992–93, 1994–95, 1999–2000
Winners (5) (record): 2002, 2003, 2006, 2010, 2013
Runners-up (3): 1993, 1994, 2004

Yugoslav football league system (1945–1991)[edit]

Champions (4): 1947–48, 1953–54, 1957–58, 1981–82
Runners-up (11): 1946–47, 1951, 1959–60, 1962–63, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1968–69, 1976–77, 1978–79, 1989–90, 1990–91
Winners (7): 1951, 1959–60, 1962–63, 1964–65, 1968–69, 1979–80,1982–83
Runners-up (8): 1950, 1963–64, 1965–66, 1971–72, 1975–76, 1981–82, 1984–85, 1985–86

International competitions[edit]

Winners: 1966–67
Runners-up: 1962–63
Winners: 1976

Finances and ownership[edit]

Dinamo Zagreb is a registered corporate personhood,[20] more precisely a nonprofit organization that, unlike the football clubs organized as limited companies, does not issue shares, and, consistently with the Croatian law for citizens' associations,[21] does not pay income tax.[22] Consequently, the club is obliged to issue publicly assessible memberships. Each legally capable member of Dinamo Zagreb has an equal say in its democratic processes, for example, the elections for the representatives in the chairmanship of the club.[21]

The club's annual budget for the 2012–13 season was between 20[23] and 25 million euros,[24] though the following season it was intentionally halved to €11–12 million, drastically reducing the club's operating expenditure.[23][25] The club also limited its wage budget, so that the currently highest individual player salary is €400,000 annually,[23] although in recent years first-team players like Josip Šimunić and Ante Rukavina earned as much as €650,000–670,000 per season.[26]

The members of an initiative Zajedno za Dinamo [Together for Dinamo], composed of Dinamo Zagreb's supporters, have been claiming that the club was silently privatised by its executive president Zdravko Mamić, and that it functions as an evidently unlawful "public limited citizens' association".[27] Subsequently, the tax exemption granted to the club by the constitutional law came under heavy criticism, particularly in the light of the club's lucrative transfers arranged at the start of 2000s. Jutarnji list journalist Romana Eibl asserted that during this period the club had as much as 1.36 billion kuna of untaxed revenue, partly from selling its players for exorbitant prices, while approximately 360 million kuna were received from the public funds. The former director of the club Damir Vrbanović argued that the transfers do not offer a long-term source of revenue for the club, and that the club is therefore justified in remaining a nonprofit organization.[22]

In spite of all criticism, Mamić is genuinely praised for being unprecedent in arranging some of the club's most profitable transfers of the Croatian players to top European clubs.[28] These include the transfers[note 1] of Boško Balaban to Aston Villa for €7.8 million in 2001,[29] Eduardo to Arsenal for €13.5 million[30] and Vedran Ćorluka to Manchester City for €13 million in 2007,[31] Luka Modrić to Tottenham Hotspur for €21 million in 2008,[32] Dejan Lovren to Lyon for €8 million[33] and Mario Mandžukić to Wolfsburg for €7 million in 2010,[34] and an 18 year-old Mateo Kovačić to Inter Milan for €11 million in 2013.[35]

Grounds[edit]

Stadion Maksimir interior
Stadion Maksimir exterior

Dinamo Zagreb's home stadium is Stadion Maksimir. The stadium is situated in the north-eastern part of Zagreb, opposite the city's largest urban park Maksimir, which also lends its name to the eponymous neighbourhood. It was officially opened on 5 May 1912, and has been noticeably upgraded several times thereafter, and most recently in 2011. The stadium was initially used by HAŠK, and the club became its tenant only in 1948, after the stadium was rebuilt.[5] Before moving to Maksimir, the club played its home matches at the former Građanski Zagreb's stadium Stadion Koturaška.[36] It is there that the club played its first official match on 23 June 1945. Its first match at the Stadion Maksimir was played on 19 September 1948 in front of a crowd of 40,000 spectators.[37]

The design of Stadion Maksimir initially included a single grandstand in a shape of a horseshoe that faced the other, much smaller stand to the north.[37] The north stand was altered from the ground up in 1998, when it was replaced by a 10,965 all-seater stand, and also a building with 15,000 squared meters of office space covered in a glazed façade. The north stand's capacity is nowadays reduced to 9,460 seats.[5] As for the original grandstand, it is now replaced by three separate stands, although their present-day design came about after a long and toilsome process of numerous renovations, which have started almost immediately after the stadium was rebuilt in 1948. Some of the best Croatian architects at the time, such as Vladimir Turina, Eugen Erlich, and Franjo Neidhardt, worked on this project. Prior to Croatian secession from SFR Yugoslavia, the restructuring of the stadium was never completed as thoroughly as it was planned, mostly because of an array of bureaucratic obstacles. Lastly, it was put in order for the 1987 Summer Universiade, but even then the final appearance of the stadium was less satisfactory than what was to be expected.[37]

Some progress was finally made in 1997 when seats were installed on both the east and south stands. Shortly before the 1999 Summer Military World Games, the west and also the largest stand of the stadium was renovated. It comprised 12,600 seats, and a VIP section with 718 seats that also included a presidential lodge.[5] By this time, the total maintenance expenses for Stadion Maksimir have climbed up to 362.4 million kuna. In 2006 the then mayor of Zagreb Milan Bandić announced a project worth €150 million that would see Stadion Maksimir once again completely rebuilt.[38] By 2010, the taxpayers have vested another 288 million kuna on maintenance and restoration of the stadium, but no significant improvements were made.[39] The arranged reconstruction of Stadion Maksimir soon became an enormous financial problem for the city, and for a brief period of time Bandić was planning to call a referendum in which the citizens of Zagreb would decide whether to continue with investments into Stadion Maksimir, or rather to build a brand new Stadion Kajzerica.[40] The referendum was never held and both projects were ultimately abandoned in 2012.[41] Nevertheless, some crucial work was done between 2011 and 2013, when the club replaced all of the seats from the four existing stands, installed the under-soil heating, ameliorated the interior of the stadium,[42] and made some aesthetic adjustments, among others, to the colour of the stands and of the tartan track surrounding the pitch. Currently, Stadion Maksimir is listed as a 35,123 all-seater.[5]

Supporters[edit]

Bad Blue Boys tifo display

Since it was founded in 1945, Dinamo Zagreb has been maintaining a constant and multitudinous fan base,[36] albeit its first organized group of supporters emerged only in 1986 under the name of Bad Blue Boys (abbreviated BBB). In the history section of the BBB's official website it is asserted that the name of the group was coined as a homage to a 1983 crime drama film Bad Boys, but the claim is unsupported by factual evidence, and is more or less perceived by the group itself to be merely a foundation myth.[43] As of 2011, the group exists as a corporate personhood, their full name being Klub navijača Dinama Bad Blue Boys [The Association of Dinamo Fans Bad Blue Boys].[44] Much akin to the fierce rivalry contested between the club and Hajduk Split, a notorious and sometimes very hostile rivalry is contested between the BBB and the latter's ultras group Torcida Split.[45]

During the club's home matches, the BBB traditionally situate themselves at the north stand of Stadion Maksimir. In the aftermath of their late 2010's conflicts with the club's at the time executive vice-president Zdravko Mamić, the group had decided that, as of 25 August 2012, they would instead be gathering at the east stand of Stadion Maksimir. This was primarily done as a retaliation to the club's policy to restrict the number of tickets being sold for the north stand to only 1/3 of its total seating capacity.[46][47]

An example of a popular Mamiću odlazi! [Mamić, scram!] graffiti targeting Zdravko Mamić which have proliferated in the 2000s in Zagreb

The resentment with the club's chairmanship exacerbated to a point where in the course of the 2009–10 season the group started to boycott all of Dinamo Zagreb's matches, citing non-transparent, undemocratic, and malformed business model of the club as the main reason for their dissent. The boycott ended on 30 December 2011, and the group decided to continue its resounding protest with the use of other legally attainable means.[48] At this time, a group of supporters that formed an initiative Zajedno za Dinamo [Together for Dinamo] formally requested that the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of Croatia investigates into the club's finances and existing model of governance for possible irregularities, which the Ministry was ultimately forced to carry out, as the initiative sued the Ministry in front of the High Administrative Court of Croatia, claiming that the Ministry had been flagrantly ignoring their request for two years, an indictment upon which the Ministry was found guilty by the aforementioned court.[27] The evidence gathered and conclusions reached during the 2014 inspection went in favour of the charges subjected by the initiative, but the club's chairmanship disputed that any of these were remotely true.[49]

The BBB are often accused for delinquency and hooliganism,[50][51] which had already resulted in both UEFA and Croatian Football Federation disciplinary bodies financially sanctioning the club on several different occasions,[52][53] while the UEFA went as far as to deduct points from the club when it was competeing in the 2009–10 Europa League group stage.[54] The repertoire of the BBB's unlawful conduct includes property damage, fights with repressive apparati (both on and outside the stadiums), flare throwing, and racist chants, especially those associated with the ultranationalist Ustaše regime of the Independent State of Croatia.[51][53][55][56] In spite of all this, the BBB are praised, particularly among the English football fans, for their constant and exceptional support during Dinamo Zagreb's matches.[55]

Club rivalries[edit]

For as long as the club has existed, Dinamo Zagreb's fiercest rivals at both the national and international levels[note 2] were Hajduk Split. The matches between the two teams are most commonly referred to as an Eternal derby or, less hyperbolically, a Croatian derby,[57] although the Croatian football journalist Tomislav Dasović has argued that lately the derby has declined in its competitiveness because of Hajduk Split's underperformance and Dinamo Zagreb's dominance in domestic competitions respectively,[58] whereas the ex-Hajduk Split goalkeeper Danijel Subašić claimed that this is due to detrimental effects of non-footballing factors on his former club, namely corruption in Croatian professional football.[59] Moreover, a 2013–14 Prva HNL match saw the perennially adversarial supporters of the two clubs fraternize and agglomerate on the east stand of Stadion Maksimir, in order to jointly express their discontent for the chairmanship of Dinamo Zagreb and Croatian Football Federation, thereafter further reducing the tensity of the derby.[45] The uncharacteristic disparity in quality of the two teams was most recently evident at their 2013–14 Croatian Cup quarter-final matches, when Dinamo Zagreb won 7–1 on aggregate.[60][61] Nevertheless, the Eternal derby is still recognized as the most anticipated event of Croatian club football,[62][63] which attracts the greatest number of spectators and most media attention of all the football matches in Croatia.

The club's other major rivals at the national level are Rijeka. Recently their matches have also been referred to as derbies, as Rijeka started to produce success both in domestic competitions and in matches against Dinamo Zagreb.[64] The rivalry slightly intensified during the 2013–14 season when Rijeka signed four of the club's first-team players, namely Ivan Krstanović, Andrej Kramarić,[65] Ivan Tomečak, and Nikola Pokrivač, with the latter two publicly expressing content with leaving the club, stating that they "moved to healthier environment".[66] Less frequently, the matches against NK Zagreb and RNK Split are also considered to be derbies.[67]

Players[edit]

As of 15 March 2014[68][69][70]

Current squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Croatia GK Antonijo Ježina
2 Algeria FW El Arbi Hillel Soudani
4 Croatia DF Josip Šimunić (captain)
5 Croatia DF Jozo Šimunović
6 Portugal DF Ivo Pinto
7 Croatia MF Arijan Ademi
8 Croatia MF Domagoj Antolić
11 Chile FW Junior Fernándes (on loan from Bayer Leverkusen)
12 Bosnia and Herzegovina GK Kristijan Jajalo
13 Ghana DF Lee Addy
15 Croatia DF Petar Mamić
16 Croatia MF Domagoj Pavičić
17 Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Said Husejinović
18 Croatia FW Robert Murić
No. Position Player
19 Croatia DF Josip Pivarić
20 Croatia MF Zvonko Pamić
23 Portugal DF Rúben Lima
26 Croatia FW Fran Brodić
27 Croatia MF Jerko Leko
28 Croatia MF Alen Halilović
31 Croatia DF Luka Capan
33 Croatia GK Marko Mikulić
55 Croatia FW Ante Rukavina
77 Croatia MF Marcelo Brozović
87 France DF Jérémy Taravel
90 Croatia FW Duje Čop

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
3 Argentina DF Luis Ibáñez (at Racing Club until 30 June 2014)[71]
Croatia GK Oliver Zelenika (at Lokomotiva until 30 June 2014)[71]
Croatia DF Josip Čalušić (at Lokomotiva until 30 June 2014)[71]
Bosnia and Herzegovina FW Almir Bekić (at Sesvete until 30 June 2014)[71]
Croatia MF Petar Franjić (at Istra 1961 until 30 June 2014)[71]
No. Position Player
Croatia FW Mario Šitum (at Lokomotiva until 30 June 2014)[72]
Croatia FW Filip Škvorc (at Lokomotiva until 30 June 2014)[71]
Croatia FW Dino Špehar (at Lokomotiva until 30 June 2014)[71]
Bosnia and Herzegovina FW Goran Zakarić (at Široki Brijeg until 15 June 2014)[71]

Academy[edit]

Former players[edit]

The following is a list of former Dinamo Zagreb players which have made significant contributions to the club while playing for its first team. The list is sorted in alphabetical order, and in accordance with specified inclusion criteria[note 3] (excluding the players named in the club's "Best 11" squad).[73]

Best 11[edit]

In 2011, when the chairmanship of Dinamo Zagreb organized a controversial celebration of the club's disputed centennial,[74] a group of experts, along with the club's fans, chose 11 of Dinamo Zagreb's former and current players to fit in an ideal squad in a 3–4–3 diamond formation.[75] Shown in brackets is the period in which the players played for the first team of the club.

The "Best 11" squad chosen by fans and critics in 2011.
Goalkeeper
Defenders
Midfielders
Forwards

Personnel[edit]

Position Staff
Manager Croatia Zoran Mamić
Assistant manager Croatia Igor Cvitanović
First team coach Croatia Damir Krznar
Goalkeeping coach Bosnia and Herzegovina Miralem Ibrahimović
Fitness coach Croatia Ivan Štefanić
Fitness coach Croatia Krešimir Šoš
Technical director Croatia Davor Bukovina
Physiotherapist Croatia Nenad Krošnjar
Physiotherapist Croatia Mario Rubinić
Physiotherapist Croatia Kristijan Nađenić
Physiotherapist Croatia Ivan Zeba
Kit manager Croatia Livijo Cvrk
Kit manager Croatia Ivan Vučković

Last updated: 19 March 2014
Source: GNK Dinamo Zagreb official website

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ [3]
  4. ^ [4]
  5. ^ a b c d e "Stadion Maksimir" (in Croatian). GNK Dinamo Zagreb. Retrieved 2014-03-17. 
  6. ^ "Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1966–67". 2008-01-09. Retrieved 10 September 2009. 
  7. ^ "Povijest kluba" (in Croatian). Retrieved 10 September 2009. 
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Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Only the initial fees of the transfers are taken into account.
  2. ^ Over the course of its recent history, Croatia was part of several multinational political entities, hence the club's rivals included some of the still existing football clubs, such as Partizan and Red Star Belgrade, from other currently sovereign states which were in past politically unified with Croatia.
  3. ^ At least one of the following inclusion criteria has to be met for the player to appear in the list. Appearances made and goals scored for Građanski Zagreb do not count.
    1. A player has made at least 250 appearances for the club in domestic league competitions.
    2. A player has scored at least 80 goals for the club in domestic league competitions.
    3. A player has made at least 50 appearances in official UEFA competitions.
    4. A player has scored at least 15 goals in official UEFA competitions.
    5. A player was sold for a record transfer fee ever received by the club.
    6. A player appeared in the 1967 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup Final.

External links[edit]