GNR Class N2
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|GNR Class N2
LNER Class N2
Preserved 1744 in Loughborough Down Loop at the Great Central Railway 2012
|Type and origin|
|Total produced||107 (N2/1: 60, N2/2: 12, N2/3: 12, N2/4: 23)|
|UIC classification||C1 h2t|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Driver diameter||5 ft 8 in (1.727 m)|
|3 ft 8 in (1.118 m)|
|Wheelbase||23 ft 9 in (7.24 m)|
|Axle load||19.00–20.00 long tons (19.30–20.32 t)|
|Locomotive weight||70.25–71.45 long tons (71.38–72.60 t)|
|Fuel capacity||4.00 long tons (4.06 t)|
|Water capacity||2,000 imp gal (9,100 l; 2,400 US gal)|
|Boiler||LNER diagram 7|
|Boiler pressure||170 psi (1.2 MPa)|
|Firegrate area||19.00 sq ft (1.765 m2)|
|Cylinder size||19 in × 26 in (483 mm × 660 mm)|
|Valve type||8-inch (203 mm) piston valves|
|Tractive effort||19,945 lbf (88.72 kN)|
|Axle load class||LNER/BR: Route availability 6|
|Disposition||One presered, remainder scrapped|
The Great Northern Railway (GNR) Class N2 is an 0-6-2T side tank steam locomotive designed by Nigel Gresley and introduced in 1920. Further batches were built by the London and North Eastern Railway from 1925. They had superheaters and piston valves driven by Stephenson valve gear.
The N2s were designed for suburban passenger operations, and worked most of the duties out of King's Cross and Moorgate, often hauling one or two quad-art sets of articulated suburban coaches. These ran to places such as New Barnet and Gordon Hill on the Hertford loop. They also hauled some empty coaching stock trains between King's Cross and Ferme Park carriage sidings.
- Class N2/1 built 1920-21, GNR locos with condensing apparatus
- Class N2/2 built 1925, LNER locos without condensing apparatus; vacuum brake, for Scotland
- Class N2/3 built 1925 & 1928-29, LNER locos without condensing apparatus; air brake
- Class N2/4 built 1928-29, LNER locos with condensing apparatus
British Railways numbers were: 69490-69596.
Accidents and incidents
Main article: Potters Bar rail accidents
- On 10 February 1946, locomotive No. 2679 was derailed at Potters Bar, Hertfordshire due to a signalman's error. The wreckage fouled signal cables, giving a false clear signal to an express passenger train, which ran into the wreckage. A third passenger train travelling in the opposite direction then ran into the wreckage. Two people were killed.
- On 24 May 1954, locomotive No. 69638 ran into the turntable pit at Hatfield, Hertfordshire following the removal of the turntable.
One, No. 4744 (BR No. 69523) survives to preservation on the Great Central Railway. It is owned by the Gresley Society, and has appeared in both LNER Black and GNR Apple Green while in preservation. Restored in 2009, the engine is painted as GNR No. 1744, and is usually based at the GCR when not visiting other railways. It has also attended events such as 'Steam, Steel and Stars III' at the Llangollen Railway in June 2012 and the LNER 'Fab Four' lineup at Barrow Hill Roundhouse earlier that year.
The N2 was the basis of the Hornby Dublo 0-6-2T tank engine, which ironically was offered in the liveries of all the 'Big Four' companies - despite being clearly one of the LNER N2s fitted with condensing gear for use on the London Underground. Mainline also produced models of the N2 in the 1980s, theirs depicting engines No. 4744 in LNER Black and No. 9522 in LNER Apple Green (9522 was the only N2 to wear this livery, which was applied in 1946).
Hornby currently owns the toolings for the N2, and released a model of engine 69563 as part of the R2981 London Olympics 1948 set including two British Railways (ex-LNER) 60-foot teak coaches, 3rd class composite 1435 and 3rd Brake 24387. The set, while receiving a generally good review, was criticised for Hornby's use of a 'rather tired tooling', and that the real 69563 had been a Scottish engine which had not been fitted with the condensing gear - which the model had. The choice of rolling stock was also criticised as an N2 would not be used to haul mainline stock on suburban duties - most likely this was only seen if an N2 was on station pilot duties, and was removing such stock from King's Cross.
Hornby also produced models of the N2 up until 2005 using the original Mainline tooling in GNR Apple Green as locomotive No. 1763, among others. These models were painted in a slightly darker shade of green than that used on the Mainline model of 9522 in 1983.
- No. 1744 appeared in the film The Railway Children as the locomotive hauling the "Scots Flyer". It was painted in fictional Great Northern and Southern Railway livery like the Pannier Tank no. 5775.
- Boddy, M. G.; Brown, W. A.; Fry, E. V.; Hennigan, W.; Hoole, Ken; Manners, F.; Neve, E.; Platt, E. N. T.; Proud, P.; Yeadon, W. B. (March 1977). Fry, E. V., ed. Locomotives of the L.N.E.R., Part 9A: Tank Engines—Classes L1 to N19. Kenilworth: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-40-1.
- Hoole, Ken (1982). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 3. Redruth: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-05-2.
- Trevena, Arthur (1981). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 2. Redruth: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899 03 6.
- Ian Allan ABC of British Railways Locomotives, 1948 edition, part 4, page 54.
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