|Original author(s)||Luis Falcón|
|Initial release||October 12, 2008|
|Stable release||1.8.1 / March 18, 2013|
|Type||Hospital Information System|
GNU Health is a Free Health and Hospital Information System that provides the following functionality:
It is designed to be multi-platform, so it can be installed in different operating systems (GNU/Linux, FreeBSD, MS Windows) and different database management systems (PostgreSQL). It's written in Python and using Tryton framework.
GNU Health started in 2008 by Luis Falcón as a project for Health promotion and disease prevention in rural areas. Its initial name was Medical. Today it has evolved into a Health and Hospital Information System, with a multi-disciplinary international team of contributors. GNU Health is a project of GNU Solidario. GNU Solidario is a non-profit non-governmental organization (NGO) that works in the areas of health and education with free software.
Main Development events
- October 12th, 2008: Medical project registered at Sourceforge
- November 2nd, 2008: Medical Version 0.0.2 is released at SourceForge
- April 15th, 2010: Medical is registered at Brazilan government Portal do Software Público Brasiliero (SPB)
- July 31st, 2010: The Project is registered at the European Community Open_Source_Observatory_and_Repository
- April 16th, 2011: Thymbra transfers GNU Health to the NGO GNU Solidario
- April 18th, 2011: Medical switches the development environment from OpenERP to the Tryton framework.
- June 12th, 2011: The project is renamed from Medical to GNU Health.
- August 16th 2011: version 1.3.0 is released, supporting Tryton and PostgreSQL.
- August 26th 2011: Richard Stallman declares GNU Health an official GNU Package. At this point, the development portal is moved from SourceForge to GNU Savannah.
- October 29th 2011: Release of GNU Health v 1.4.1 . This version is also included at the The Python Package Index - PyPI as a set of Python modules.
- June 25th 2012: Creation of a public Internet GNU Health database test server in Amsterdam.
- February 9th 2013: Release of version 1.8.0, compatible with Tryton 2.6 and Android client
- March 18th 2013: Release of version 1.8.1, with Intensive Care Unit functionality
GNU Health is intended to run in Health Centers, to take care of the daily clinical practice as well as to manage the health center resources.
GNU Health uses a modular approach around the kernel, with different functionality that can be included to meet the health center needs. The current modules are:
- Health: Main data model for objects such as patient, evaluations, health centers, diseases, appointments, vaccinations and medicaments
- Pediatrics: Includes models for neonatology, pediatrics and psychosocial evaluations (Pediatric Symptoms Checklist - PSC)
- Gynecology: Gynecology, obstetrics, preventive medicine, perinatal information and puerperium
- Lifestyle: Physical exercise, diets, drug addictions, National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) recreational drug database, Henningfield ratings, sexuality, risk factors, home safety, child safety
- Genetics: Hereditary risks. Around 4200 “disease genes” from the NCBI / GeneCards
- Lab: Manages the request, creation and evaluation of laboratory analyses. Interface to Laboratory Information Management System
- Socioeconomics: Education, occupation, living conditions, hostile areas, child labour and prostitution, among others.
- Inpatient: Patient Hospitalization, bed assignment, care and nursing plans.
- Surgery: Pre-operation checklist, procedures, operating rooms, patient surgery history.
- Services: Groups health related services for the patient. It also allows to generate invoices / billing to the selected services. Replaces the initial "invoice" module.
- Calendar: Adds functionality to connect with a CalDAV client, and manage calendars for appointments.
- Inpatient_calendar: Manages calendars for patient hospitalizations and bed assignments.
- QR_codes: Includes Quick Recognition (QR) Codes for identification
- History: Specific reports for patient clinical history
- MDG6: Millennium Development Goal 6. Functionality to fight Malaria, Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS.
- Reporting: Generates graphs for epidemiological and health center related information.
- Nursing: Nursing functionality. Patient roundings, medication administration and procedures.
- ICU: Intensive-care Unit functionality.
- Stock: Pharmacy stock management and automatic stock moves generation on medical procedures.
Cultural Impact 
GNU Health won the awards PortalProgramas 2012 for Most Revolutionary Free Software and Software with Largest Potential of Growth .
See also 
Notes and references 
- Success of GNU Health goes beyond free software
- GNU Health en Hospitales Públicos. Ministerio de Salud de Entre Ríos
- ALPI es pionero en la informática médica de Argentina gracias a la implementación del Software Libre: GNU Health
- Article in El Mundo: Liberar la salud con "software"
- Article in Linux Magazine: Projects on the Move
- GNU Health at the United Nations University
- TechRepublic. 10 open source projects that could really use a donation
- GNU Health é software livre para uso na área de saúde .- Linux Magazine Brasil Oct 2011
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