GRES Beija-Flor de Nilópolis
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The Beija-Flor was formed on December 25, 1948 by a carnivalesque blocos of Nilópolis. The name was inspired by the ranch Beija-Flor that existed in the city of Marquês de Valença. The idea emerged from a group formed by Milton de Oliveira (Negão da Cuíca), Edson Vieira Rodrigues (Edinho do Ferro Velho), Helles Ferreira da Silva, Mário Silva, Walter da Silva, Hamilton Floriano, and José Fernandes da Silva. But it was the mother of Negão da Cuíca, Dona Eulália, that suggested the name of the school. Because of that, she became admitted as the founder of the school. Only in 1953, the bloco, that became victorious in the neighborhood, was renamed G.R.E.S. Beija-Flor de Nilópolis. The school then first paraded officially in 1954 for the Second Group, when it obtained first place.
The history of the school, that has as a symbol the hummingbird (which in Portuguese is called Beija-flor), could be divided into two historical parts: after and before Joãosinho Trinta. Joãosinho Trinta took on the school in 1976 with the samba-enredo (plot) in honor to the jogo do bicho (illegal type of gambling in Brazil). The parades signed by him became so anthological that even when he did not win he left a mark in the avenue. That is what happened in 1989 when the school, known by its luxurious rows and floats, surprised the public with the plot Ratos e urubus, larguem a minha fantasia ("Rats and vultures, release my costume") bringing to the Sambódromo cars and rows full of trash, beside the famous covered Cristo Redentor. It was on that year that Beija-Flor became vice-champion, but Joãosinho was considered by some people the righteous champion of the parade..
During the 1990s, the school was always placed in the first places, being that in the period of 2003/05 it conquered its second trichampionship. In 2007 it won again, this time with a considerable difference of points from the second placed. Months after the Carnaval, the Brazilian Federal Police, during the Hurricane Operation, imprisoned, among others, the patron of the school, Anísio Abraão David, and also a large amount of money that, according to the official was responsible for the operation, would be used to buy judges for the parades and like that guarantee the victory of Beija-Flor. Later, a CPI (Parlamental Commission of Inquiry) was installed in the City Council of city of Rio de Janeiro. It did not prove that the alleged kits were for only the voting maps and the police officer that affirmed such fraud refused to attend to testify in CPI.
For 2008, the Commission of Carnaval chose the plot "Macabapá: Equinócio Solar, viagem fantástica ao meio do mundo" and conquered its 11th title.
In total, Beija-Flor won 12 of the parades of the Carnaval of Rio de Janeiro, in the years of: 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1983, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008 and 2011. It was vice-champion other 10 times, in the years of: 1979, 1981, 1985, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002. With the departure of Joãosinho Trinta, after the Carnaval of 1992, the school tried Maria Augusta and the young Milton Cunha as carnival producers. But only with the creation of the Commission of Carnaval in 1998, the school returned to win championships. Nowadays, the Commission of Carnaval of Beija-flor is composed by: Laíla, Alexandre Louzada, Fran Sérgio, and Ubiratan Silva.
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|Beija-Flor de Nilópolis|
|1984||3[clarification needed]th place||Special||O gigante em berço esplêndido||Joãosinho Trinta|
|1985||Vice-Champion||Special||A lapa de Adão e Eva||Joãosinho Trinta|
|1986||Vice-Champion||Special||O mundo é uma bola||Joãosinho Trinta|
|1987||4th place||Special||As mágicas luzes da Ribalta||Joãosinho Trinta|
|1988||3[clarification needed]th place||Special||Sou negro, do Egito à liberdade||Joãosinho Trinta|
|1989||Vice-Champion||Special||Ratos e Urubus, larguem minha fantasia||Joãosinho Trinta|
|1990||Vice-Champion||Special||Todo Mundo Nasceu Nu||Joãosinho Trinta|
|1991||4th place||Special||Alice no Brasil das maravilhas||Joãosinho Trinta|
|1992||7th place||Special||Há um ponto de luz na imensidão||Joãosinho Trinta|
|1993||3[clarification needed]th place||Special||Uni-duni-tê, a Beija-flor escolheu: é você||Maria Augusta|
|1994||5th place||Special||Margareth Mee, a Dama das Bromélias||Milton Cunha|
|1995||3[clarification needed]th place||Special||Bidu Sayão e o Canto de Cristal||Milton Cunha|
|1996||3[clarification needed]th place||Special||Aurora do povo Brasileiro||Milton Cunha|
|1997||4th place||Special||A Beija-Flor é Festa na Sapucaí||Milton Cunha|
|1998||Champion||Special||O mundo místico dos Caruanas nas águas do Patu-Anu||Commission of Carnaval|
|1999||Vice-Champion||Special||Araxá, Lugar Alto Onde Primeiro Se Avista o Sol||Commission of Carnaval|
|2000||Vice-Champion||Special||Brasil, um coração que pulsa forte. Terra de todos ou de ninguém?||Commission of Carnaval|
|2001||Vice-Champion||Special||A saga de Agotime – Maria mineira Naê||Commission of Carnaval|
|2002||Vice-Champion||Special||O Brasil dá o ar de sua graça de Ícaro a Rubem Berta – O ímpeto de voar||Commission of Carnaval|
|2003||Champion||Special||O povo conta a sua história: "saco vazio não pára em pé". A mão que faz a guerra faz a paz.||Commission of Carnaval|
|2004||Champion||Special||Manôa – Manaus – Amazônia – Terra Santa: Alimenta o corpo, equilibra a alma e transmite a paz||Commission of Carnaval|
|2005||Champion||Special||O vento corta as terras dos pampas. Em nome do Pai, do Filho e do Espírito guarani. Sete Povos na fé e na dor... Sete missões de amor.||Commission of Carnaval|
|2006||5th place||Special||Poços de Caldas derrama sobre a Terra suas águas milagrosas: do caos inicial à explosão da vida, a nave mãe da existência||Commission of Carnaval|
|2007||Champion||Special||Áfricas, do berço real à corte brasileira||Commission of Carnaval|
|2008||Champion||Special||Macapaba – Equinócio Solar. Viagens fantásticas ao meio do mundo||Commission of Carnaval|
|2009||Vice-Champion||Special||No chuveiro da alegria, quem banha o corpo lava a alma na folia||Commission of Carnaval|
|2010||3rd place||Special||Brilhante Ao Sol Do Novo Mundo, Brásilia: Do Sonho Á Realidade, A Capital da Esperança||Commission of Carnaval|
|2011||Champion||Special||Roberto Carlos: A Simplicidade de um Rei||Commission of Carnaval|