GRES Portela

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Fans of GRES Portela cheering during parade

The Grêmio Recreativo Escola de Samba Portela is one of the most traditional samba schools of the city of Rio de Janeiro.

History[edit]

In the beginning of the 20th century, in Oswaldo Cruz, there was the carnivalesque group of dancers called Quem Fala de Nós Come Mosca (Who tells things about us eats flies), of Dona Ester.[1] A dissidence of this carnivalesque group of dancers (called "bloco" in Brazilian Portuguese) surged in 1922 and another bloco, the Baianinhas de Osvaldo Cruz (Baianas of Oswaldo Cruz) was created.[1] And on the other hand, a dissidence of Baianas created the Conjunto Carnavalesco Osvaldo Cruz (Ensemble of Carnaval Oswaldo Cruz) on April 11 of 1926.[1] The founders were from Osvaldo Cruz, but Grêmio Recreativo Escola de Samba Portela was founded, on 412 Portela Road, in the neighborhood of Madureira.

After the victory of the concourse between sambistas in 1929, performed in the house of Zé Espinguela, the bloco changes its name to Quem nos Faz é o Capricho (Who makes us is caprice). In 1931, when the samba schools are still being determined, the group changes its name again, this time to Vai como Pode (Go as you can), a name that without doubt is humbler than the previous one. In 1935, the school was the champion of the first official parade of the city of Rio de Janeiro.[2][3]

The denomination "Vai como Pode" was used until 1935, when, after the Carnaval, on March 1 of 1935, on the occasion of the renovation of the licence of the school in the police, the officer Dulcídio Gonçalves refused to renovate the license with this name, considering it as vulgar and not dignified for a samba school. The same officer suggested a new name, Grêmio Recreativo e Escola de Samba Portela, in homage to the street in Madureira where sambistas had gathered.[1] The change pleased the community; many had already been referring to the school as the "folks from Portela". In 1939, the samba of Paulo da Portela, "Teste ao Samba" (Test for the samba), is considered the first samba-enredo. In the same year, Portela renovated things by bringing to the parade costumes totally framed to the enredo.[2]

In 1941, after a misunderstanding with the master of ceremonies Manuel Bambã, Paulo da Portela the group stopped parading. This occurred because Paulo during a long period of time argued that all of the components would parade correctly costumed, dressed with the colors of the school, however on the day of the parade he came back from a presentation in São Paulo, along with Heitor dos Prazeres and Cartola, and all of them were dressed in black and white. With no time to change costumes, they agreed to parade without changing clothes, together, in the samba schools of each one. However in the turn to parade for Portela, Bambã did not authorize that the other two (Heitor and Cartola), for not being from the school and not being correctly dressed, would parade. Actually Bambã already had misunderstandings with Heitor, that once belonged to GRES Portela, and that he already stayed. However, in that epoch many portelenses favoured Bambã, because they judged lack of coherency on the part of Paulo da Portela, that argued so much that they should parade with the colours of the school and then parade with black and white. After this, Paulo da Portela never paraded for his school.

In total, GRES Portela conquered 21 titles of Carnaval, being until nowadays the detainer of the largest amount of titles.[3]

Birthplace of the great Brazilian samba composers, such as Monarco, Zé Keti, Casquinha, Manacéa, Candeia, Aldir Blanc, Paulinho da Viola, João Nogueira, Noca da Portela, Colombo, among others, beyond being one of the most traditional samba schools of Brazil, Portela has an important participation in the cultuaral life of the city during the entire year, through the presentations of her Velha Guarda (Brazilian term for the oldest-ones (among a group of people)) and of her prizewinning bateria, among other things. The school's simbol is an eagle that in all the parades is seen in the abre alas (Brazilian term for car that opens the samba parade in Carnival) of the school. The Velha Guarda also released an album called Tudo Azul in 1999.

Her bateria – called Tabajara do Samba (Tabajara of Samba) – is characterized mainly by the of the touch of the Surdo de Terceira invented by Sula in the 1940s, and the touch of the boxes with a peculiar frill. It is the most heavy bateria of the Carioca Carnaval and counts on a big number of surdos (a type of tambour) of First, Second, and Third. They were masters of GRES Portela: Master Betinho of the foundation in the 1960s, Master Cinco in the 1970s, Master Marçal in the 1980s, Mater Timbó in the 1990s, among others.

More than three decades later, Portela does not know how to win the carnival alone. From 1990, the school suffers many internal problems, that reflected on the parades and on the collocations of the parades. The best moment was in 1995 when the plot "Gosto que me enrosco" (I like when I twist myself) gave the vice-championship to the school of Madureira. In 2005, the worst of all, Portela stayed in 13th place, in the polemic parade where the school was prohibited to use her Velha Guarda. In 2006, the school recovers and stays in 7th place, and in 2007 with the plot about the 2007 Pan American Games (held in Rio de Janeiro) falls one step, staying in 8th place.

Plots[edit]

Place Group Plot Carnival Producer-Comiss Interpreter
1932 Vice-Champion ÚNICO Carnaval moderno Antônio Caetano
1933 4th ÚNICO Voando para a glória Antônio Caetano
1934 There was no contest Academia do samba Antônio Caetano
1935 Champion ÚNICO O Samba dominando o mundo Antônio Caetano
1936 Vice-Champion Paraded without defined plot
1937 Vice-Champion ÚNICO O Carnaval samba de Boaventura
1938 There was no contest Democracia do Samba Paulo da Portela
1939 Champion ÚNICO Teste ao samba Paulo da Portela
1940 5th place ÚNICO Homenagem à Justiça Paulo da Portela
1941 Champion ÚNICO Dez anos de glória Paulo da Portela and Lino Manuel dos Reis
1942 Champion ÚNICO A vida no samba Lino Manuel dos Reis
1943 Champion ÚNICO Carnaval de Guerra Lino Manuel dos Reis
1944 Champion ÚNICO Brasil glorioso Lino Manuel dos Reis
1945 Champion ÚNICO Motivos patrióticos Lino Manuel dos Reis
1946 Champion ÚNICO Alvorada do novo mundo Lino Manuel dos Reis
1947 Champion ÚNICO Honra ao mérito Lino Manuel dos Reis
1948 3rd place ÚNICO Princesa Isabel Lino Manuel dos Reis
1949 Vice-Champion UGESB Despertar do Gigante Lino Manuel dos Reis
1950 Vice-Campeã ÚNICO Riquezas do Brasil Lino Manuel dos Reis
1951 Campeã UGESB A volta do filho pródigo Lino Manuel dos Reis
1952 Não houve concurso Brasil de ontem Lino Manuel dos Reis
1953 Campeã 1 Seis datas magnas Lino Manuel dos Reis
1954 4th place 1 São Paulo Quatrocentão Lino Manuel dos Reis
1955 3rd place 1 Festas juninas em fevereiro Armando Santos
1956 Vice-Champion 1 Tesouros do Brasil, ou riquezas do Brasil ou Gigante pela própria natureza Lino Manuel dos Reis
1957 Champion 1 Legados de D. João VI Djalma Vogue, Candeia e Joacir
1958 Champion 1 Vultos e efemérides Djalma Vogue
1959 Champion 1 Brasil, Panteon de Glórias Djalma Vogue
1960 Champion 1 Rio cidade eterna Djalma Vogue Silvinho da Portela
1961 3rd place 1 Jóias e lendas do Brasil Djalma Vogue Silvinho da Portela
1962 Campeã 1 Rugendas ou Viagens pitorescas pelo Brasil Nélson de Andrade Silvinho da Portela
1963 4th place 1 Barão de Mauá e suas realizações Nilton, Oreba, Peres and Finfas Silvinho da Portela
1964 Champion 1 O segundo casamento de D. Pedro II Nélson de Andrade Silvinho da Portela
1965 3rd place 1 História e tradição do Rio Quatrocentão Nélson de Andrade Silvinho da Portela
1966 Champion 1 Memórias de um sargento de milícias Nélson de Andrade Silvinho da Portela
1967 6th place 1 Tal dia é o batizado Nélson de Andrade, Juvenal Portela and Laurênio Silvinho da Portela
1968 4th place 1 Tronco de Ipê João Ramos Macedo Silvinho da Portela
1969 3rd place 1 Treze naus Clóvis Bornay Silvinho da Portela
1970 Champion 1 Lendas e mistérios da Amazônia Clóvis Bornay Silvinho da Portela
1971 Vice-Champion 1 A Lapa em três tempos Arnaldo Pederneiras Silvinho da Portela
1972 3rd place 1 Ilu Ayê Candeia e Hirn Araújo Silvinho da Portela
1973 4th place 1 Pasárgada, o amigo do rei Hiran Araújo Silvinho da Portela
1974 Vice-Campeã 1 O mundo melhor de Pixinguinha Hiran Araújo and Cláudio Pinheiro Silvinho da Portela
1975 5th place 1 Macunaíma, herói de nossa gente Hiran Araújo Silvinho da Portela
1976 4th place 1 O Homem do Pacoval Hiran Araújo and Maurício Assis Silvinho da Portela
1977 Vice-Champion 1 A Festa de Aclamação Viriato Ferreira Silvinho da Portela
1978 5th place 1 Mulher à Brasileira Viriato Ferreira Silvinho da Portela
1979 3º lugar 1-A Incrível, fantástico, extraordinário Viriato Ferreira Silvinho da Portela
1980 Champion 1-A Hoje tem marmelada Viriato Ferreira Silvinho da Portela
1981 3rd place 1-A Das Maravilhas do Mar, fez-se o esplendor de uma noite Viriato Ferreira Silvinho da Portela
1982 Vice-Champion 1-A Meu Brasil brasileiro Edmundo Braga Silvinho da Portela
1983 Vice-Champion 1-A A Ressurreição das Coroas, Reino e Reinado Edmundo Braga and Paulino Espírito Santo Silvinho da Portela
1984 Campeã 1-A Contos de areia Edmundo Braga e Paulino Espírito Santo Silvinho da Portela
1985 4th place 1-A Recordar é viver Alexandre Louzada Silvinho da Portela
1986 4th place 1-A Morfeu no carnaval, a utopia brasileira Alexandre Louzada Silvinho da Portela
1987 3rd place 1 Adelaide, a pomba da paz Geraldo Cavalcanti Dedé da Portela
1988 5th place 1 Na lenda carioca, os sonhos do vice-rei Geraldo Cavalcanti Dedé da Portela
1989 6th place 1 Achado não é roubado Sylvio Cunha Dedé da Portela
1990 10th place Special É de ouro e prata esse chão Sylvio Cunha Dedé da Portela
1991 6th place Special Tributo à vaidade Sylvio Cunha Dedé da Portela
1992 5th place Special Todo o azul que o azul tem Sylvio Cunha Dedé da Portela
1993 10th place Special Cerimônia de casamento Mário Monteiro Dedé da Portela
1994 7th place Special Quando o samba era samba José Félix Dedé da Portela
1995 Vice-Champion Special Gosto que me enrosco José Félix Rixxah and Carlinhos de Pilares
1996 8th place Special Essa gente bronzeada mostra seu valor José Félix Rixxah
1997 8th place Special Linda, eternamente Olinda Ilvamar Magalhães Rixxah
1998 4th place Special Os olhos da noite Ilvamar Magalhães Rogerinho
1999 8th place Special De volta aos caminhos de Minas Gerais José Félix Rogerinho
2000 10th place Special Trabalhadores do Brasil, a época de Getúlio Vargas José Félix Gera
2001 10th place Special Querer é poder Alexandre Louzada Gera
2002 8th place Special Amazonas, esse desconhecido: delírios e verdade do eldorado verde Alexandre Louzada Gera
2003 8th place Special Ontem, hoje e sempre Cinelândia: o samba entre em cena na Broadway brasileira Alexandre Louzada Gera
2004 7th place Special Lendas e mistérios da Amazônia Jorge Freitas Gera
2005 13th place Special Nós podemos - oito ideias para mudar o mundo Amarildo de Mello and Nélson Ricardo Bruno Ribas
2006 7th place Special Brasil marca sua cara e mostra para o mundo Amarildo de Mello and Ilvamar Magalhães Gilsinho
2007 8th place Special Os deuses do Olimpo na terra do carnaval: uma festa dos esportes, da saúde e da beleza Amarildo de Mello and Cahê Rodrigues Gilsinho
2008 4th place Special Reconstruindo a Natureza, Recriando a Vida: O Sonho Vira Realidade Cahê Rodrigues Gilsinho
2009 3rd place Special E por falar em amor… Onde anda você? Lane Santana e Jorge Caribé Gilsinho
2010 9th place Special Derrubando fronteiras, conquistando a liberdade, um Rio de paz em estado de graça Amauri Santos and Alex de Oliveira Gilsinho
2011 Hors Concours Special Rio, Azul da Cor do Mar Roberto Szaniecki Gilsinho
2012 6th place Special E o Povo na Rua Cantando. É Feito uma Reza, um Ritual... Paulo Menezes Gilsinho
2013 7th place Special Madureira... Onde o meu Coração se Deixou Levar Paulo Menezes Gilsinho
2014 3rd place Special Rio, de mar a mar. Do Valongo à glória de São Sebastião Alexandre Louzada Wantuir
2015 Special ImagináRIO - 450 janeiros de uma cidade surreal Alexandre Louzada Wantuir and Wander Pires
2016 Special Paulo Barros Wantuir and Wander Pires

Championships and Awards[edit]

Portela is the recordist samba school of Carnaval titles of Rio de Janeiro, being champion for 21 times: 1935, 1939, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1951 (UGESB), 1953, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1962, 1964, 1966, 1970, 1980, and 1984. The vice-championship was conquered in the following years: 1937, 1949, 1950, 1956, 1971, 1974, 1977, 1982, 1983, and 1995.

The school accumulates a total of 45 trophies Estandarte de Ouro, prize conceded by the newspaper O Globo:

  • 1972: Bateria
  • 1973: Feminine notability (Tia Vicentina)
  • 1974: Ala (of baianas) and master of ceremonies (Bagdá)
  • 1975: Samba-enredo
  • 1976: School
  • 1977: Standard-bearer (Vilma Nascimento) and feminine dancer (Nega Pelé)
  • 1978: Standard-bearer (Vilma Nascimento) and masculine dancer (Jerônimo)
  • 1979: School, samba-enredo, ala (velha-guarda), standard-bearer (Vilma Nascimento), feminine dancer (Denise) and masculine dancer (Marcelo)
  • 1980: School, communication with the public and feminine dancer (Nívea)
  • 1981: Commission of front and samba-enredo
  • 1982: Comissão of front
  • 1983: Leading singer of the samba parade (Silvinho)
  • 1986: Bateria, feminine notability (Dodô) and ala (Luxo do Lixo)
  • 1987: Samba-enredo
  • 1988: Masculine dancer(Gilson)
  • 1990: Feminine dancer (Solange Couto)
  • 1991: Samba-enredo, commission of front, revelation (Patrícia) and ala (of queens)
  • 1995: School, samba-enredo and leading singer of the parade (Rixxa)
  • 1998: Samba-enredo and masculine dancer (Cláudio Lima)
  • 2001: Commission of front
  • 2004: Personality (Dodô)
  • 2005: Revelation (Bruno Ribas)
  • 2006: Revelation (Nilo Sérgio)
  • 2007: Revelation (Alessandra Bessa) and masculine dancer (Ruanderson)

Notable Portelenses[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (Portuguese) Portelaweb
  2. ^ a b (Portuguese) Official website
  3. ^ a b (Portuguese) Apoteose

External links[edit]