GT-1 glide torpedo mounted on North American B-25J Mitchell medium bomber
|Place of origin||United States|
|Used by||United States Army Air Forces|
|Warhead||Mk 13 Mod 2A aerial torpedo|
|Warhead weight||600 pounds (270 kg) explosive|
|Wingspan||12 feet (3.7 m)|
|25 miles (40 km)|
|Speed||260 miles per hour (420 km/h)|
|Preset plus paravane|
The GT-1 (Glide Torpedo 1) was an early form of missile developed by the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. Intended to deliver an aerial torpedo at a safe range from the launching aircraft, the weapon proved successful enough in testing to be approved for operational use, and the GT-1 saw limited use in the closing stages of the war.
Design and development
The GT-1 was derived from the GB-1 series of glide bombs, developed by Aeronca for the United States Army Air Forces. The weapon's airframe was inexpensive and simply designed, with a basic wing and twin tails attached to a cradle for carrying the payload. The flight path of the GT-1 was determined by a preset autopilot that kept the weapon on a steady course after release.
The GT-1 was usually released from its carrier aircraft at an altitude of 10,000 feet (3,000 m); this provided a standoff range of as much as 25 miles (40 km) under ideal conditions. The GT-1's warload consisted of a Mark 13 Mod 2A aerial torpedo. The GT-1 was fitted with a paravane, trailing 20 feet (6.1 m) below the main body of the craft; upon the paravane's striking the surface of the water, explosive bolts would fire to release the torpedo, which would then execute a preset search pattern to locate and destroy its target.
Initially tested during 1943, the GT-1 proved to be successful, and was issued to operational units for service. Launched from North American B-25 Mitchell bombers, the GT-1 saw brief operational service late in the war; three missions are known to have been flown using the weapon from Okinawa in late 1945. On one mission, against Kagoshima, eleven of thirteen GT-1s launched successfully entered the water; three hits were recorded, against a fleet carrier, a light carrier, and a freighter. The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress was also capable of carrying the GT-1.
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