GWR 119 Class (tank engine)
The 119 Class of the Great Western Railway consisted of a series of 11 0-6-0 saddle tank engines. They were numbered 119-21 and 123-30 and had originally been built in 1861 at Swindon Works as tender engines to a design of Daniel Gooch, part of the 79 Class. Their rebirth as tank engines was the result of their being renewed at Wolverhampton Works under the aegis of George Armstrong between 1878 and 1883. Three were turned out with condensing gear. All continued as tank locomotives until their withdrawal. (Though the missing "odd man out", No. 122, always remained a tender engine.)
The 119 Class started work in the Northern Division, but most of them migrated south, and most of their subsequent rebuildings were done at Swindon. Eventually most were moved to South Wales. From 1913, like nearly all the GWR's saddle tanks, they became pannier tanks as Belpaire boilers were fitted to them. Most were scrapped by 1928, No. 120 soldiering on at Oswestry until 1933.
- le Fleming 1958, pp. E30-E32.
- le Fleming, H.M. (April 1958). White, D.E., ed. The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part five: Six-coupled Tank Engines. RCTS.