GWR 1361 Class

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1361 Class
GWR 1361 Class 1363.jpg
1363 preserved at Didcot
Power type Steam
Designer Harold Holcroft
Builder GWR Swindon Works
Order number Lot 179
Serial number 2375–2379
Build date 1910
Total produced 5
Configuration 0-6-0ST
UIC classification C nt
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 3 ft 8 in (1.118 m)
Minimum curve 2 chains (132 ft; 40 m)
Wheelbase 11 ft 0 in (3.35 m)
Length 25 ft 7 12 in (7.81 m) over buffers
Width 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m)
Height 11 ft 7 in (3.53 m)
Axle load 12 tons 0 cwt (26,900 lb or 12.2 t)
Locomotive weight 35 tons 4 cwt (78,800 lb or 35.7 t) full
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 2 tons 0 cwt (4,500 lb or 2.0 t)
Water capacity 800 imp gal (3,600 l; 960 US gal)
Boiler pressure 150 lbf/in2 (1,030 kPa)
Firegrate area 10.71 sq ft (0.995 m2)
Heating surface:
– Tubes
815.5 sq ft (75.76 m2)
– Firebox 74.75 sq ft (6.945 m2)
– Total 890.25 sq ft (82.707 m2)
Cylinders Two, outside
Cylinder size 16 in × 20 in (406 mm × 508 mm)
Tractive effort 14,835 lbf (65.99 kN)
Railroad(s) Great Western Railway
Power class Unclassed
Number 1361–1365
Axle load class Unclassed
Withdrawn 1961–1962
Disposition One preserved, four scrapped

The 1361 Class were small 0-6-0ST steam locomotives built by the Great Western Railway at their Swindon railway works, England, mainly for shunting in docks and other sidings where track curvature was too tight for large locomotives.


1364 at Plymouth Dock 1948. Note the dent in the cylinder cover

The 1361 Class were designed by Harold Holcroft, the Great Western Railway's Chief Draughtsman, by adapting the 1392 Class, originally built in 1874 for the Cornwall Minerals Railway, to conform to George Jackson Churchward's standardisation policy (Churchward was the Chief Mechanical Engineer). As such they combined unusual and outdated elements, such as saddle tanks and Allan valve gear, with current Great Western details such as the cab (almost identical to the cabs on the GWR 2301 Class). By 1910 the railway was busy converting all its old saddle tank locomotives to carry pannier tanks. The 11 ft 0 in (3.35 m) wheelbase allowed them to negotiate 2 chains (132 ft; 40 m) radius curves, a feature necessary for their intended duties in docks and on lightly laid branch lines.

The five locomotives were built at Swindon in 1910 and were set to work alongside the ex-Cornwall Minerals Railway locomotives. Their usual home was Plymouth Millbay, Devon, (later Laira shed) from where they worked in Millbay Docks and on the Sutton Harbour branch. Until 1928 some of the locomotives could also be found at St Blazey engine shed, Cornwall, where they worked on ex-Cornwall Minerals Railway branches, and also at Moorswater for working the Looe branch.

In 1920 one locomotive was transferred to Newton Abbot, Devon, for shunting the railway workshops there, a duty that was to continue until 1952. Other allocations were Taunton (1953–1961) for working at Bridgwater, Somerset, (again, mainly in the town's docks), and Swindon (1956–1961). One was tried briefly on the Weymouth Harbour Tramway in 1949, and another went to St Philips Marsh, Bristol in 1962.

The same basic design was used for the six 1366 Class locomotives built in 1934, but this time they were fitted with pannier tanks and more modern cabs. When the 1361s were withdrawn their remaining duties were given to D2000 diesel shunters.


Number Built Withdrawn Notes
1361 1910 1961
1362 1910 1961
1363 1910 1962 Preserved at Didcot Railway Centre, currently under overhaul
1364 1910 1961
1365 1910 1962


  • Aves, W.A.T. (1998). "The Pre-1923 GWR Pannier and Saddle Tank Locomotives". Locomotives Illustrated (RAS Publishing) (118). ISSN 0307-1804. 
  • Coleford, I.C. (2007). "Swindon's saddle tanks - the GWR's 1361 class 0-6-0STs". Railway Bylines (Irwell Press) 12 (6): 252–263. ISSN 1360-2098. 
  • Whitehurst, Brian (1973). Great Western engines, names, numbers, types, classes: 1940 to preservation. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Company. pp. 17, 102, 126. ISBN 0-902888-21-8. OCLC 815661. 

External links[edit]