GWR 1500 Class

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Great Western Railway 1500 Class
Didcot geograph-2565399-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
No. 1502 at Didcot 1957
Specifications
Power type Steam
Builder British Railways, Swindon Works
Order number Lot 373
Build date 1949
Total produced 10
Configuration 0-6-0PT
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 4 ft 7 12 in (1.410 m)
Minimum curve 3 12 chains (230 ft; 70 m)
Wheelbase 12 ft 10 in (3.91 m)
Locomotive weight 58 tons 4 cwt (130,400 lb or 59.1 t)
Boiler pressure 200 lbf/in2 (1.4 MPa)
Cylinders Two, outside
Cylinder size 17.5 in × 24 in (444 mm × 610 mm)
Valve gear Walschaerts
Valve type Piston valves
Tractive effort 22,515 lbf (100.15 kN)
Career
Operator(s) British Railways, National Coal Board
Power class GWR: C
BR: 4F
Number(s) 1500–1509
Axle load class GWR: Red
Locale Great Britain
Withdrawn BR: 1959–1963,
NCB: 1970

The Great Western Railway (GWR) 1500 Class is a class of 0-6-0 pannier tank steam locomotive. Despite being a GWR design, all ten (nos 1500–1509) were built by the Western Region of British Railways in 1949.

Overview[edit]

Coming from a railway company with a well-developed standardisation policy, the 15xx was a strange design finale. Unlike all their forebears, they had outside cylinders, Walschaerts valve gear, and a very short wheelbase of 12 ft 10 in (3.91 m) to go round curves of 3.5 chains (230 ft; 70 m). Above footplate level they were very similar to the 9400 class, and shared the same Standard no.10 boiler. The surprises were below the (very small) footplate, where they resembled the USATC S100 Class that the GWR and other railways had used during the Second World War.

Although a sound design, the class had limited usefulness as they were route-restricted by their high weight and were unsuitable for fast running because of their short wheelbase. Largely confined to empty stock workings at London Paddington station, their lives were short; for example 1509 lasted barely ten years in BR service. Like the 1600 and 9400 classes, their construction now appears to have been of doubtful value.

The onset of dieselisation and the decline in traffic on the railway network consigned the 1500s to scrap long before they were life-expired. However 1501 has enjoyed regular use at the Severn Valley Railway in preservation for far longer than its life in public ownership.

Preservation[edit]

1501 after restoration in 2012 and wearing the early BR lined black scheme

1501 was one of the first of the class to be withdrawn in 1961, but was sold along with 1502 and 1509 to the National Coal Board for use at Coventry Colliery. The three locos were sent to Andrew Barclay Sons & Co., in Kilmarnock, Scotland for overhaul before delivery to the NCB. All three locomotives were purchased in 1970 by the Severn Valley Railway. Locomotives 1502 and 1509 were used as sources of spares for the restoration of 1501. The remains of 1502 and 1509 were cut up and scrapped at Cashmore's, Great Bridge in October 1970.

In 2006 No. 1501's boiler certificate expired and it was withdrawn from traffic. The locomotive has recently been completely overhauled,[1] and is now once again in revenue earning service. It has been repainted in British Railways lined black colour scheme with the early BR emblem on its tanks.

See also[edit]

  • GWR 0-6-0PTlist of classes of GWR 0-6-0 pannier tank, including table of preserved locomotives

References[edit]

  • le Fleming, H.M. (April 1958). White, D.E., ed. Part 5: Six-coupled Tank Engines. The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway. RCTS. 
  • Whitehurst, Brian (1973). Great Western engines, names, numbers, types, classes: 1940 to preservation. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Company. pp. 18, 81, 101. ISBN 0-902888-21-8. OCLC 815661. 

External links[edit]