GWR 1600 Class

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GWR 1600 class
GWR 1600 Class 0-6-0ST Stourbridge 1958.jpg
1621 operational at Stourbridge shed in December 1958
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer Frederick Hawksworth
Builder British Railways, Swindon Works
Order number Lots 381, 389, 417
Build date 1949–1955
Total produced 70
Specifications
Configuration 0-6-0PT
UIC classification C nt
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 4 ft 1 12 in (1.257 m)
Minimum curve 4 chains (260 ft; 80 m) normal,
3.5 chains (230 ft; 70 m) slow
Wheelbase 14 ft 8 in (4.47 m)
Length 30 ft 2 12 in (9.21 m) over buffers
Width 8 ft 7 in (2.62 m)
Height 11 ft 5 58 in (3.50 m)
Axle load 13 long tons 18 cwt (31,100 lb or 14.1 t) full
Locomotive weight 41 long tons 12 cwt (93,200 lb or 42.3 t) full
Fuel type Coal
Water capacity 875 imp gal (3,980 l; 1,051 US gal)
Boiler pressure 165 lbf/in2 (1.14 MPa)
Firegrate area 14.9 sq ft (1.38 m2)
Heating surface:
– Tubes
877.2 sq ft (81.49 m2)
– Firebox 79.5 sq ft (7.39 m2)
Superheater type None
Cylinders Two, inside
Cylinder size 16.5 in × 24 in (419 mm × 610 mm)
Valve gear Stephenson
Valve type Slide valves
Performance figures
Tractive effort 18,515 lbf (82.36 kN)
Career
Operator(s) British Railways
Power class GWR: A
BR: 2F
Number(s) 1600–1669
Axle load class GWR: unclassed
Withdrawn 1959–1965
Disposition one preserved, remainder scrapped

The Great Western Railway (GWR) 1600 class is a class of 0-6-0 pannier tank steam locomotive.

History[edit]

The class was based on the 2021 class designed by Dean and built from 1897 onwards. The 2021 class was in its turn an enlargement of the 850 class designed by Armstrong in 1874.

Construction and operations[edit]

The 1600 class was a pure GWR design but all 70 were built by the Western Region of British Railways. When the last member of the class was built in 1955 (1669) the basic design was over 80 years old. BR gave the 1600 class the power classification 2F. Service life was short, withdrawals started in 1959 and all were gone by 1965 with 1659 having the shortest service (built 1955, withdrawn 1960). Two were sold for further use to the National Coal Board: 1600 in 1959 (scrapped 1963), and 1607 in 1965 (scrapped 1970).

Preservation[edit]

No. 1638, the only member of the class to have been preserved, is on the Kent and East Sussex Railway.

See also[edit]

  • GWR 0-6-0PTlist of classes of GWR 0-6-0 pannier tank, including table of preserved locomotives

References[edit]

  • Whitehurst, Brian (1973). Great Western engines, names, numbers, types, classes: 1940 to preservation. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Company. pp. 18–19, 81, 101, 153. ISBN 0-902888-21-8. OCLC 815661. 

External links[edit]