GWR 1901 Class

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GWR 1901 Class
Oxford Locomotive Depot GWR Pannier geograph-2945536-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
No. 1935 at Oxford Locomotive Depot 22 February 1953
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer George Armstrong
Builder GWR Wolverhampton works
Build date 1881-1895
Total produced 120
Specifications
Configuration 0-6-0ST
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 4 ft 0 in (1.22 m)
Wheelbase 13 ft 8 in (4.17 m)
Fuel type coal
Cylinders two
Career
Operator(s) GWR

The GWR 1901 Class was a class of 120 small 0-6-0 saddle tank steam locomotives. Numbered 1901-2020, they were designed by George Armstrong (responsible to William Dean at Swindon) and built at the Wolverhampton railway works, England, of the Great Western Railway between 1881 and 1895. They had wheels of 4'0" diameter and a coupled wheelbase of 13'8".

Construction[edit]

  • Nos. 1901-1912 (Lot J2, 1881-82)
  • Nos. 1913-1924 (Lot L2, 1882)
  • Nos. 1925-1936 (Lot O2, 1883-4)
  • Nos. 1937-1948 (Lot Q2, 1886-7)
  • Nos. 1949-1960 (Lot R2, 1888)
  • Nos. 1961-1972 (Lot T2, 1889-90)
  • Nos. 1973-1984 (Lot V2, 1890-91)
  • Nos. 1985-1996 (Lot X2, 1891)
  • Nos. 1997-2008 (Lot Y2, 1891-92)
  • Nos. 2009-2020 (Lot Z2, 1894-5)

Rebuilding[edit]

The class was considered to be part of the very similar 850 Class after the latter was reboilered in the 1890s. The whole series was later rebuilt again as pannier tanks.

British Railways[edit]

Forty-four locomotives survived into British Railways (BR) ownership in 1948. Their BR numbers were 992 and 1903-2019 (with gaps). BR called them 1901 class, including no. 992 which was from the 850 class.[1] Only three GWR saddle tank locomotives survived into nationalisation.[2] Of these two were from the 1901 class, Nos. 1925 and 2007, which were withdrawn in 1951 and 1949.[3] The other was GWR 2021 Class No. 2048 which was rebuilt as a pannier tank locomotive shortly after nationalisation and scrapped in 1952.[4]

See also[edit]

  • GWR 0-6-0PTlist of classes of GWR 0-6-0 pannier tank, including table of preserved locomotives

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ian Allan ABC of British Railways Locomotives, 1948 edition, part 1, pp 13,16,51
  2. ^ Casserley, H.C.; Asher, L.L. (1961) [1955]. Locomotives of British Railways. Spring Books. p. 24. 
  3. ^ le Fleming 1958, pp. E48 & E50.
  4. ^ le Fleming 1958, pp. E54.